Nottawasaga River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 44°32′12″N 80°00′29″W / 44.53667°N 80.00806°W / 44.53667; -80.00806
Nottawasaga River
River
Nottawasaga River.JPG
The Nottawasaga River in Wasaga Beach
Name origin: From the Algonquin words for "Iroquois" and "river outlet"
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Central Ontario
Counties Simcoe, Dufferin
Part of Great Lakes Basin
Tributaries
 - left Boyne River
Source Orangeville Reservoir
 - location Orangeville, Dufferin County
 - elevation 412 m (1,352 ft)
 - coordinates 43°56′29″N 80°05′29″W / 43.94139°N 80.09139°W / 43.94139; -80.09139
Mouth Nottawasaga Bay
 - location Wasaga Beach, Simcoe County
 - elevation 176 m (577 ft)
 - coordinates 44°32′12″N 80°00′29″W / 44.53667°N 80.00806°W / 44.53667; -80.00806
Length 120 km (75 mi)
Basin 3,361 km2 (1,298 sq mi)
Location of the mouth of the Nottawasaga River in southern Ontario

The Nottawasaga River is a river in Simcoe County and Dufferin County in Central Ontario, Canada.[1] It is part of the Great Lakes Basin, and is a tributary of Lake Huron. The river flows from the Orangeville Reservoir in the town of Orangeville, Dufferin County, through the Niagara Escarpment[2] and the Minesing Wetlands, the latter a wetland of international significance (Ramsar Convention site), and empties into Nottawasaga Bay, an inlet of Georgian Bay on Lake Huron, at the town of Wasaga Beach, Simcoe County.

The river takes its name from the Algonquin words for "Iroquois" and "river outlet".[citation needed]

Watershed[edit]

The Nottawasaga River's headwaters originate in the Niagara Escarpment, Simcoe Uplands, Oak Ridges Moraine and Oro Moraine.[2] The area of the drainage basin is 3,361 square kilometres (1,298 sq mi),[3] and as well as Dufferin County and Simcoe County, is located in Grey County and the Regional Municipality of Peel.

History[edit]

The Nottawasaga River is the resting home of HMS Nancy, a British trading ship during the War of 1812. It met three American battleships; the Niagara, Tigress and Scorpion. The small ship lost the battle but Lt. Miller Worsley and crew escaped Nancy. They rowed 360 miles to Fort Michilimackinac and three days later, Worsley returned with 92 men to take the Tigress and Scorpion. Since her sinking, an island formed around the Nancy. The hull is now preserved in a museum at Nancy Island Historic Site which is a part of Wasaga Beach Provincial Park.

Natural history[edit]

Fish ladders allow rainbow trout to reach spawning grounds on the upper river. The river is under the auspices of the Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority.

Tributaries[edit]

  • McIntyre Creek (left)
  • Little Marl Creek (right)
  • Marl Creek (right)
  • Willow Creek (right)
  • Mad River (left)
  • Bear Creek (right)
  • Pine River (left)
  • Boyne River (left)
  • Innisfil Creek (right)
  • Sheldon Creek (left)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nottawasaga River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. http://www4.rncan.gc.ca/search-place-names/unique.php?id=FCGFV&output=xml. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
  2. ^ a b "Nottawasaga Valley Watershed Report Card" (PDF). Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  3. ^ "Nottawasaga? Did you know this?". Nottawasaga Steelheaders. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 

Other map sources:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]