Nottingham Forest F.C.
|Full name||Nottingham Forest Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||Forest, The Reds, NFFC, The Tricky Trees, Foresters|
|Ground||The City Ground
|2012–13||The Championship, 8th|
|Website||Club home page|
Nottingham Forest Football Club is an English Football club based in West Bridgford, Nottinghamshire that currently plays in the Football League Championship. Forest have been based at the City Ground since 1898. Founded in 1865, the club were founder members of the Football Alliance in 1889 and joined the Football League in 1892. Forest won the FA Cup in 1898 and 1959, but their most successful period came under the management of Brian Clough, between 1975 and 1993, during which time they won their only league title, two consecutive European Cups and four League Cups. Forest are the only former European champion club not to be currently playing in their top-tier domestic league or division.
The club is often referred to simply as Forest, the name the club carries on their crest.
Early years (1865–1975) 
Forest was founded in 1865 by a group of Bandy players, as Nottingham Forest Football and Bandy Club shortly after their neighbours Notts County, (thought to be the world's oldest surviving professional association football club), in 1862. They joined the Football Alliance in 1889, and won the competition in 1892. They were then allowed entry to The Football League. In 1890, Forest played in the first ever match to use goal nets.
Forest claimed their first major honour when they won the 1898 FA Cup, beating Derby County 3–1 at Crystal Palace. However, for much of the first half of the 20th century the club spent life in the Second Division (and had to seek re-election in 1914 after finishing bottom). In 1949 the club were relegated to the Third Division, but bounced back two years later as champions.
A brief period of glory followed at the end of the 1950s, as they regained First Division status in 1957 and won the FA Cup for a second time in 1959, despite losing Roy Dwight, cousin of pop icon Elton John, through a broken leg and becoming the first team to defeat the Wembley 'hoodoo' (The Wembley Hoodoo was a phrase coined by sports page headline writers in the 1950s as a succession of FA Cup finals were spoilt by one of the teams either losing an injured player or being forced to continue with a hobbling passenger). By this time Forest had become the biggest team in Nottingham, overtaking Notts County.
After reaching a high of runners-up spot and cup semi-finalists in 1967, Forest were relegated from the First Division in 1972.
Brian Clough Era (1975–1993) 
Forest were considered an under-achieving club by English league standards until the mid-1970s, when Brian Clough and his assistant Peter Taylor took the helm at the club, shortly after Clough's highly colourful, very controversial and ultimately disastrous 44-day tenure as manager of Leeds United. Clough became the most successful manager in the history of Nottingham Forest. He had won the league title with Forest's neighbours Derby County in 1972, and came to Nottingham Forest on 6 January 1975, after a 0–2 home defeat by Notts County, on Boxing Day, prompted the committee (Forest had no board of directors then) to sack the previous manager Allan Brown. Clough's first game in charge was the third round FA Cup replay against Tottenham Hotspur, a 1–0 victory thanks to a goal by Scottish centre-forward Neil Martin.
Nottingham Forest won promotion to the top division at the end of the 1976–77 season after finishing third in the Second Division, but no-one could have predicted how successful Clough's team would be over the next three seasons. Nottingham Forest became one of the few teams (and the most recent team to date) to win the English First Division Championship a year after winning promotion from the English Second Division (1977–78 season).[nb 1] In 1978–79, Forest went on to win the European Cup by beating Malmö 1–0 in Munich's Olympiastadion and retained the trophy in 1979–80, beating Hamburg 1–0 in Madrid, at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, thanks to an outstanding performance by goalkeeper Peter Shilton. They also won the European Super Cup and two League Cups. Beside Shilton, key players of that era included right-back Viv Anderson (the first black player to play for the England national team), midfielder Martin O'Neill, striker Trevor Francis and a trio of Scottish internationals: winger John Robertson, midfielder Archie Gemmill and defender Kenny Burns. The club reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup in 1983–84 but were knocked out by Anderlecht in controversial circumstances. It later emerged that in the second leg, the Belgian club had bribed the referee but the referee in question had since died in a car accident and was hence not able to be held to account.
Nottingham Forest's next significant trophy came in 1989 when they beat Luton Town 3–1 in the League Cup final. For most of the season they had been hopeful of completing a unique domestic treble, but were beaten into third place in the League by Arsenal and Liverpool and lost to Liverpool in the replay of the FA Cup semi-final, originally held at Hillsborough, where 96 Liverpool fans were crushed to death on terracing, the match was abandoned after 6 minutes. When football resumed they captured the Full Members Cup with a 4–3 victory over Everton. Clough's side retained the League Cup in 1990 when they beat Oldham Athletic 1–0; the winning goal scored by Nigel Jemson. There was chance for more success in 1991 when Forest reached their only FA Cup final under Brian Clough and went ahead after scoring an early goal (Stuart Pearce free kick) against Tottenham Hotspur at Wembley, but ended up losing 2–1 in extra time after an own goal by Des Walker.
Forest beat Southampton 3–2 in the Full Members Cup final in 1992, but then lost to Manchester United in the League Cup in the same season, both finals being played by a Forest team much weakened by injuries.
Brian Clough's 18-year reign as manager ended in May 1993 when Forest were relegated from the inaugural Premier League after 16 illustrious years of top flight football which had seen a league title, two European Cups and four League Cups.
Frank Clark (1993–1996) 
Frank Clark, who had been a left-back in Nottingham Forest's 1979 European Cup winning team, returned to the club in May 1993 to succeed Brian Clough as manager. His management career had previously been uneventful, although he had won the Fourth Division promotion playoffs with Leyton Orient in 1989. Making key signings including Stan Collymore, Colin Cooper, Lars Bohinen, and convincing Stuart Pearce to remain at the club, Clark was able to achieve a return to the Premier League when the club finished Division One runners-up at the end of the 1993–94 season. Forest finished third in 1994–95 and qualified for the UEFA Cup – their first entry to European competition in the post-Heysel era. The club reached the quarter-finals, the furthest an English team reached in UEFA competitions that season. The 1996–97 season became a relegation battle and Clark left the club in December.
Dave Bassett (1997–1999) 
34-year-old captain Stuart Pearce was installed as player-manager on a temporary basis and he inspired a brief upturn in the club's fortunes. In March 1997 he was replaced on a permanent basis by Dave Bassett. Forest were unable to avoid relegation and finished the season in bottom place. They won promotion back to the Premier League at the first attempt, being crowned Division One champions in 1997–98. Bassett was sacked in January 1999, with Ron Atkinson replacing him.
Into the 21st century (1999–2012) 
David Platt succeeded Atkinson and spent approximately £12 million on players, including the Italian veterans Moreno Mannini, Salvatore Matrecano and Gianluca Petrachi. Platt managed two mid-table finishes before departing to manage England U-21s.
Paul Hart became the Reds' new boss just two hours after the departure of Platt. They finished 16th in his first season in charge. At this time the collapse of ITV Digital left many Football League clubs in severe financial difficulties, Forest included. Despite the off-field difficulties, Forest finished 2002–03 in sixth place and qualified for the play-offs, where they lost to Sheffield United in the semi-finals. A poor league run the following season, following the release of key players, led to the sacking of Hart in February 2004 in order to prevent relegation. The decision was unpopular with certain quarters of the fanbase and Hart was described as a 'scapegoat'.
Joe Kinnear was subsequently appointed and led the club to 14th place in the final league table. The 2004–05 season saw Forest drop into the relegation zone once more, leading to Kinnear's resignation in December 2004. Following the brief caretaker stewardship of Mick Harford, Gary Megson took charge of Forest in January 2005 but failed to stave off relegation as the club ended the season second from bottom in 23rd place, becoming the first European Cup-winners ever to fall into their domestic third division.
In Forest's first season in the English third tier in 54 years, a 3–0 defeat at Oldham Athletic in February 2006 led to the departure of Megson by "mutual consent" leaving the club only four points above the relegation zone. Frank Barlow and Ian McParland took temporary charge for the remainder of the 2005–06 season, engineering a six-match winning run and remaining unbeaten in ten games, the most notable result a 7–1 win over Swindon Town. Forest took 28 points from a possible 39 under the two, narrowly missing out on a play-off place, as they finished in 7th place.
Colin Calderwood was appointed as the twelfth manager of Forest in thirteen years in May 2006 and became the longest-serving manager since Frank Clark. The Calderwood era was ultimately one of rebuilding. In his first season he led the club to the play-offs, having squandered a 7-point lead at the top of League One which had been amassed by November 2006. Forest eventually succumbed to a 5–4 aggregate defeat in the semi-finals against Yeovil Town. Calderwood achieved automatic promotion in his second year at the club, following an impressive run which saw Forest win six out of their last seven games of the season, culminating in a dramatic final 3–2 win against Yeovil at the City Ground. The Reds kept a league record of 24 clean sheets out of 46 games, proving to be the foundation for their return the second tier of English football. Calderwood's side struggled to adapt to life in the Championship in the 2008–09 campaign, following the signings of Robert Earnshaw, Paul Anderson, Guy Moussi and Joe Garner to replace the likes of Grant Holt, Sammy Clingan, Junior Agogo, Matt Lockwood and Kris Commons, who signed for Derby County having left Forest. Having been unable to steer Forest out of the relegation zone, Calderwood was sacked following a Boxing Day 4–2 defeat to the then-bottom of the table Doncaster Rovers.
Under the temporary stewardship of John Pemberton, Forest finally climbed out of the relegation zone, having beaten Norwich City 3–2. Billy Davies was confirmed as the new manager on 1 January 2009 and watched Pemberton's side beat Manchester City 3–0 away in the FA Cup, prior to taking official charge. Under Davies, Forest stretched their unbeaten record in all competitions following Calderwood's sacking to six matches, including five wins. He also helped them avoid relegation as they finished 19th in the Championship, securing survival with one game to go.
In preparation for the 2009–10 campaign, Forest signed nine players, five of whom were on loan at the club in the previous season and returned on permanent deals. The returnees Lee Camp, Chris Gunter, Joel Lynch, Paul Anderson and Dexter Blackstock have been joined by Paul McKenna, David McGoldrick, Dele Adebola and loanee Radosław Majewski. The season was a successful one for Forest with the club holding a top-three position for the majority of the season, putting together an unbeaten run of 20 league games, winning 12 home league games in a row (a club record for successive home wins in a single season), going unbeaten away from home from the beginning of the season until 30 January 2010 (a run spanning 13 games) whilst also claiming memorable home victories over local rivals Derby County and Leicester City. On 10 April 2010, despite it being confirmed that the club would miss out on automatic promotion to the Premier League after West Bromwich Albion defeated Doncaster Rovers 3–2, Forest secured a Play-off place in the Football League Championship after a 3–0 home victory against Ipswich Town. However, Forest were beaten by Blackpool at Bloomfield Road, 2–1, on 9 May 2010 and 4–3 in the home leg at the City Ground on 12 May 2010 (the club's first defeat at home since losing to the same opposition in September 2009), going out 6–4 on aggregate and missing out on promotion to the Premier League.
The 2010–11 season saw Forest finish in sixth place in the Championship table with 75 points, putting them into a play-off campaign for the fourth time in the space of eight years. Promotion was yet again to elude Forest, as they were beaten over 2 legs by eventual play off final winners Swansea City. Having drawn the first leg 0–0 at the City Ground, they were eventually beaten 3–1 in the second leg in a hard fought contest against the Welsh outfit.
In June 2011 Billy Davies's contract was terminated, and he was replaced as manager by Steve McClaren, who signed a three-year contract. Forest started the 2011–12 season with several poor results and after a 5–1 defeat away to Burnley, David Pleat and Bill Beswick left the club's coaching setup. Less than a week later, following a home defeat to Birmingham City McClaren resigned, and chairman Nigel Doughty announced that he intended to resign at the end of the season. In October 2011, Nottingham Forest underwent several changes. These changes included the appointment of Frank Clark as new chairman of the club and also that of Steve Cotterill, replacing the recently departed Steve McClaren.
Nigel Doughty, owner and previous chairman of the club died on 4 February 2012, marking the end of a 13-year association with the club, with many estimating his total contribution as £100,000,000.
The Al-Hasawi reign (2012–present) 
The Al-Hasawi family, from Kuwait, purchased the club and became the new owners of Nottingham Forest in July 2012.
The Al-Hasawi family told press that they had a long-term vision for the club based around a 3–5-year plan, and after interviewing several potential new managers, appointed Sean O'Driscoll, formerly manager at Doncaster Rovers and Crawley Town, as the manager on 19 July 2012 after a second round of talks with the then Crawley man. He was known for playing an attractive brand of passing football and what football fans would consider the Forest way. O'Driscoll had spent 5 months at the City Ground as Coach under Steve Cotterill in the 2011–12 season before taking over at Crawley. After taking over at Crawley, O'Driscoll never took charge of a single competitive game whilst manager.
As of 15 December 2012 after the teams 0–0 draw away at Brighton, Forest sat in 9th position with 33 points, just 3 points off the play-off positions. The Al-Hasawi's 3–5-year plan had turned into a push for the play-offs in their first season as the Nottingham Forest owners. On the same weekend, the club announced that Omar Al-Hasawi had stepped down due to personal reasons and Fawaz Al-Hasawi, the majority shareholder with 75% stepped into the position, with his brother Abdulaziz Al-Hasawi holding a 20% share and his cousin Omar Al-Hasawi holding a 5% share. The following week, Fawaz posted a tweet from his Twitter account telling fans that he would be purchasing two giants screens for the City Ground as well as LED electronic advertising hoarding, which was later confirmed on the club's website along with images of the newly fitted screens.
On Boxing Day 2012 manager Sean O'Driscoll was sacked following a 4–2 victory over Leeds United with the club stating their intentions of a change ahead of the January transfer window and hopes of appointing a manager with Premiership experience. The man to replace O'Driscoll was Alex McLeish. He has vast experience as he guided Birmingham City to the Premier League in 2009 and during his reign at Birmingham City, they also won the Football League Cup. He also had a largely unsuccessful season with Aston Villa. Further to this he boasts experience in the Scottish Premier League and with the Scotland national football team. The move was criticised by some members of the Forest fan base. Chief executive Mark Arthur as well as scout Keith Burt and club ambassador Frank Clark were dismissed in January 2013. On 5 February 2013 Nottingham Forest and Alex McLeish had parted company by mutual agreement, just 40 days after McLeish took charge of Forest. Forest supporters and pundits alike registered their concern for the state of the club, with journalist Pat Murphy describing the situation as a "shambles".
On 7 February 2013, the club re-appointed Billy Davies as manager, having been sacked as the team's manager twenty months previously. His first match in charge was a draw, followed by a run of 10 undefeated games.
Nottingham Forest have worn red since the club’s foundation in 1865. At the meeting in the Clinton Arms which established Nottingham Forest as a football club, the committee also passed a resolution that the team colours should be ‘Garibaldi red’. This decision was made in honour of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot who was the leader of the redshirts party. At this time, clubs identified themselves more by their headgear than their shirts and a dozen red caps with tassels were duly purchased, making Forest the first club to ‘officially’ wear red, a colour that has since been adopted by a significant number of others. Forest is the reason behind Arsenal's choice of red, having donated a full set of red kits following Arsenal's foundation in 1886.
Forest originally played at the Forest Recreation Ground where they remained until 1879 when they relocated to the Meadows. Following this move, Forest began playing their more important matches at Trent Bridge due to its larger capacity. By 1880, all of Forest's matches were taking place at Trent Bridge but the club secured a site of its own in Lenton in 1882, naming it Parkside. The inadequate facilities necessitated the building of an improved ground in the next field in 1885 at a cost of £500. In 1890, Forest relocated once more, this time with the intention of drawing larger crowds in a location closer to the centre of Nottingham. The Town Ground, on the banks of the River Trent, was built in 1890 at a cost of £1,000 before growing success led to a final move across the Trent to the current City Ground site in 1898. Since then the ground has undergone extensive redevelopment, resulting in the 30,602-seater Euro 96 venue which we know today. Contrary to popular belief the name "Forest" does not originate from Sherwood Forest, but from the Forest Recreation Ground just north of Nottingham City Centre which is where the club first played upon its formation in 1865.
The City Ground is the 21st largest League football stadium in England List of football stadiums in England
On 20 June 2007, Forest announced plans to relocate to a 50,000-seater new stadium in either the Clifton area of the city or a site near to the current City Ground in Holme Pierrepont. The club later announced revised plans for a new ground at Gamston which formed part of the FA's bid to host the 2018 World Cup, with Nottingham beating neighbours Derby and Leicester (both of which already had modern stadia capable of hosting such international games) into the final stages of selection by the FA to be included within the bid. However, in December 2010 The FA controversially failed in the bid and it was announced by FIFA that the 2018 World Cup will be staged in Russia. Following this announcement Forest's plans for a new stadium were scrapped for the foreseeable future and the club announced the intention to remain at the City Ground.
Local rivals, derbies and supporters 
Whilst Notts County is the closest professional football club geographically, Forest have remained at least one division higher since the 1994–95 season and the club's fiercest rivalry is with Derby County, located 14 miles away. The two clubs contest the East Midlands derby, a fixture which has taken on even greater significance since the inception of the Brian Clough Trophy in 2007. Leicester City are Forest's other East Midlands rival due to the close proximity of the two cities. During the pre-Clough era, Leicester were largely considered Forest's main rivals. This is still the case for Forest fans of Melton Mowbray, Loughborough, Rutland and yesteryear. A Football League Cup tie in September 2007 took on an extra dimension after Leicester defender Clive Clarke collapsed due to heart failure. After the match was abandoned, Leicester demonstrated sportsmanship in the replay and allowed Forest keeper Paul Smith to score at the beginning of the match. This was in acknowledgement that Forest were leading 1–0 when the original tie was abandoned. The act was met with applause from both sets of fans and praised by the press.
Forest's other regional rival is Sheffield United, based in the neighbouring county of South Yorkshire, a rivalry which has roots in the UK miners' strike 1984-85 when the miners of South Yorkshire walked out on long strikes but the Notts Miners, who insisted on holding a ballot, continued to work. The exciting 2003 Football League Championship Play-off semi final between the two clubs, in which Sheffield United finished as 5–4 aggregate winners, also fuelled the rivalry.
Forest's fanbase includes a host of celebrity of supporters, including England international cricketer Stuart Broad, boxer Carl Froch, golfers Lee Westwood and Greg Owen, politician Kenneth Clarke, Manic Street Preachers singer James Dean Bradfield, actor Jason Statham, Brazilian football manager Luiz Felipe Scolari, actor Joe Dempsie, Deep Purple drummer Ian Paice, fashion designer Paul Smith and actress Su Pollard.
- Winners (1): 1891–92
- Winners (2): 1989, 1992
European and International honours 
- Winners (1): 1979
- Runners-up (1): 1980
Minor honours 
- Winners (1): 1977
- Winners (3): 1899, 2001, 2002
- Winners (3): 2009 (29 August), 2010 (29 December), 2011 (22 January)
- Winners (1): 2002
- Winners (1): 1988
- Winners (1): 1982
- Winners (1): 1982
- Listed according to when they became managers of Nottingham Forest:
- (c) denotes caretaker managers
Most appearances for the club (in all competitions):
Most goals for the club (in all competitions):
Current longest-serving player: Lewis McGugan, Debut October 2006
Highest attendance: 49,946 Vs. Manchester United in Division 1, 28 October 1967
Longest sequence of league wins: 7, wins from 9 May 1922 to 1 September 1922
Longest sequence of league defeats: 14, losses from 21 March 1913 to 27 September 1913
Longest sequence of unbeaten league matches: 42, from 26 November 1977 to 25 November 1978
Longest sequence of league games without a win: 19, from 8 September 1998 to 16 January 1999
Longest sequence of league games without a goal: 7, 13 December 2003 to 7 February 2004 and 26 November 2011 to 31 December 2011
First Football League game: 3 September 1892 vs. Everton (away), 2–2
Record defeat (in all competitions): 1–9, Vs. Blackburn Rovers, Division 2, 10 April 1937
Most league points in one season: 64, Division 1, 1977 – 1978
Most league goals in one season: 101, Division 3, 1950 – 1951
Highest league scorer in one season: Wally Ardron, 36, Division 3 (South), 1950–51
¹ By agreement with Leicester City. The game was a replay as the original match three weeks previous was abandoned at half time, due to the collapse of Leicester player Clive Clarke, with Forest leading 1–0.
European records 
|European Cup||3||20||12||4||4||32||12||1978–79 (Winners), 1979–80 (Winners), 1980–81 (Round 1)|
|UEFA Cup||3||20||10||5||5||18||16||1983–84 (Semi Final), 1984–85 (Round 1), 1995–96 (Qtr Final)|
|Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||2||6||3||0||3||8||9||1961–62 (Round 1), 1967–68 (Round 2)|
|UEFA Super Cup||2||4||2||1||1||4||3||1979 (Winners), 1980 (Runners Up)|
Shirt sponsors 
1986–1987: Home Ales
2003–2009: Capital One
2009–2012: Victor Chandler
2012 – present: John Pye Auctions
Current squad 
|5||Defender||Danny Collins (Captain)||Wales|
|8||Midfielder||Chris Cohen (Vice-Captain)||England|
|23||Forward||Dexter Blackstock||Antigua and Barbuda|
Development Squad and Academy 
Notable former players 
Player of the Year 
International players 
Club officials 
Board of directors
|Chairman & Owner:||Fawaz Mubarak Al-Hasawi|
|Co-Owner:||Abdulaziz Mubarak Al-Hasawi|
|Associate Director:||Eric Barnes|
|Associate Director:||Graham Cartledge|
|Associate Director:||Tim Farr|
|Associate Director:||Sir David White|
|Deputy Manager:||David Kelly|
|Assistant Manager:||Rob Kelly|
|First Team Coach:||Julian Darby|
|Goalkeeping Coach:||Paul Barron|
|Goalkeeping Coach:||Pete Williams|
|Head of Recruitment:||Bobby Downes|
|Strength & Conditioning Coach:||Ross Burbeary|
|Head Physiotherapist:||Andrew Balderston|
|Under 21 Coach:||Charlie McParland|
|Interim Academy Manager:||Gary Brazil|
|Professional Development Coach:||Steve Chettle|
|Academy Goalkeeping Coach:||Steve Sutton|
|Lead Youth Development Coach:||Tony Cook|
|Youth Development Coach:||Tom Mallinson|
|Lead Foundation Coach:||Richard Meek|
|Pre Academy Age Group Coordinator:||Russ Lovett|
|Head Academy Scout:||Tasos Makis|
|Academy Scout:||Dave Webster|
|Academy Scout:||Jim Higgins|
|Medical Consultant:||Dr Frank Coffey|
|Kit Manager:||Terry Farndale|
|Football Analyst:||John Harrower|
- The others were Liverpool in 1906, Everton in 1932, Tottenham Hotspur in 1951 and Ipswich Town in 1962. Forest remain the only club to achieve this feat having not been promoted as champions.
- Upon its formation in 1992, the Premier League became the top tier of English football; the First and Second Divisions then became the second and third tiers, respectively. The First Division is now known as the Football League Championship and the Second Division is now known as Football League One.
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