Nottingham railway station

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Nottingham National Rail
Nottingham station
Place Nottingham
Local authority City of Nottingham
Coordinates 52°56′49″N 1°08′46″W / 52.947°N 1.146°W / 52.947; -1.146Coordinates: 52°56′49″N 1°08′46″W / 52.947°N 1.146°W / 52.947; -1.146
Grid reference SK574392
Station code NOT
Managed by East Midlands Trains
Number of platforms 7
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2009/10 Decrease 6.219 million
2010/11 Increase 6.295 million
2011/12 Increase 6.450 million
2012/13 Increase 6.451 million
2013/14 Decrease 6.106* (*6 week closure) million
Original company Midland Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
22 May 1848 (1848-05-22) Opened as Nottingham
16 January 1904 New building opened
25 September 1950 Renamed Nottingham City
18 June 1951 Renamed Nottingham Midland
5 May 1969 Renamed Nottingham
2011-2014 Redeveloped
National RailUK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Nottingham from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
UK Railways portal

Nottingham railway station, for some time known as Nottingham Midland , is the principal railway station of the city of Nottingham and the Greater Nottingham area. It is served by East Midlands Trains, CrossCountry and Northern Rail; prior to 11 November 2007, it was served by Midland Mainline and Central Trains.


The first station[edit]

The first station in Nottingham was Nottingham Carrington Street railway station opened in May 1839 when the Midland Counties Railway opened the line from Nottingham to Derby and closed in 1848. This terminus station was situated on the west side of Carrington Street on the site now occupied by Nottingham Magistrates' Court. The original station gate posts still exist and form the pedestrian entrance to the Magistrates' Courts area.

The second station[edit]

In 1844 the Midland Counties Railway merged with two others into the Midland Railway and by 1848 it had outgrown this station and new lines to Lincoln had been opened. A new through station (1848–1903) was opened on Station Road on 22 May and was designed by the architect J E Hall of Nottingham. In the 1880s Nottingham station employed 170 men. Although attractive when it first opened, by the early 1900s the station was cramped, with only three platforms. A locomotive derailment knocked down a cast iron pillar, which brought down part of the train shed. This and the new Victoria station putting the Midland Railway to shame finally resulted in a scheme to re-build and expand.

In 1869 the Midland Railway purchased the West Croft Canal arm, filling it and building additional parallel tracks to south.[1]

Current building[edit]

When the Great Central Railway opened its Victoria Station in 1900, the Midland Railway appointed Albert Edward Lambert,[2] a local Nottingham architect, to rebuild the Midland station. Lambert had been the architect for the Nottingham Victoria railway station and consequently the two buildings shared many similarities in their design.

Nottingham Railway Station, Main entrance (having finished internal renovations
Nottingham Midland Station, Nottingham

The station was re-built largely on the same site as the Station Street station, but the entrance was relocated onto Carrington Street.

The first contract for the station buildings was awarded to Edward Wood and Sons of Derby on 23 January 1903, who were also awarded the contract for the buildings on platforms 1 and 2 on 16 September 1903. The contract for the buildings on platforms 4 and 5 was awarded to Kirk, Knight & Co of Sleaford on 18 June 1903, who were also responsible for building the parcels office (Forward House) on Station Street, which opened in November 1903. The structural steelwork and cast-ironwork was done by Handyside & Co. and the Phoenix Foundry, both of Derby.

The station was built in an Edwardian Baroque Revival style at a cost of £1 million (£93,690,000 in 2015),[3] and was described by the Evening News on the eve of its opening (16 January 1904) as a magnificent new block of buildings.

Detail of structural pillar showing the Handyside company logo.

The station was built using a mix of red brick, terracotta (which was used as a substitute for building stone) and faience (a glazed terracotta) with slate and glazed pitch roofs over the principal buildings. The carriage entrances have Art Nouveau wrought-iron gates

The station’s forebuildings were opened to passengers without any formal ceremony on 17 January 1904, although next day the Evening News reported that the platforms were still in a state of chaos and these were not expected to be ready for another nine months. However it did consider that ‘the result promises to be the provision for Nottingham of one of the most commodious and most convenient passenger stations in the country’.

The day began with the closure of the booking offices in the old station after the last tickets were issued for the 5:25 am London train and the new booking offices were opened in time to issue tickets for the 6:25 am Erewash Valley train. No attempt was made to exclude the public from the building and many took the opportunity to view the new station buildings. The Evening News commented on the public’s admiration of the style and elegance of the station approaches and booking hall and went on to describe the day’s events.

Lincoln – Derby train in 1957

The Midland Railway always suffered the indignity that its rival the Great Central Railway crossed the top of Nottingham Midland station on a 170-foot-long (52 m) bowstring girder bridge. This became redundant in 1969 and was finally dismantled in the early 1980s. A new tramway bridge was installed over the station on the same alignment[citation needed] in 2014.

Other Nottingham stations[edit]

The Great Central Railway station was Nottingham Victoria. The Great Northern Railway stations were the high level and low level stations in London Road. For a brief period (1967–1969) Nottingham Victoria station having closed, the service from Nottingham to Rugby Central used a reopened Arkwright Street station (previously closed in 1963).

Nottingham station today[edit]

222103 departs with an East Midlands Trains service to London St Pancras

The station has seven platforms. Platforms 1, 3, 4, and 5 are halved into A and B to accommodate two trains on each platform.

Platform 1 is used mainly for trains to Lincoln Central. Semi-fast services from London St Pancras terminate at this platform. Some CrossCountry trains services to Birmingham New Street and Cardiff Central call at the platform also.

Platform 2 is a bay platform at the eastern end of the station which accommodates terminating trains from Newark and Grantham directions but mainly the hourly East Midlands Trains (EMT) service to Skegness via Boston.

Midland Mainline HST power car 43083 at Nottingham station

Platform 3 is used by a variety of services, EMT local trains to Derby & Matlock, long distance EMT services to Norwich via Grantham, Peterborough, Ely & Thetford, early morning EMT services to London St. Pancras and Northern Rail services to Leeds via Sheffield & Barnsley.

Platform 4 is mainly used for the EMT fast service to London St. Pancras via Leicester and Market Harborough, including EMT local services to Mansfield Woodhouse and Worksop.

Platform 5 is commonly used for trains to Liverpool Lime Street, calling at Alfreton, Chesterfield, Sheffield, Stockport, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Warrington Central, Widnes and Liverpool South Parkway and by CrossCountry trains to Birmingham New Street.

Platform 6 is commonly used for Ivanhoe Line trains to Leicester and also by certain Birmingham and Cardiff CrossCountry trains.

Nottingham Midland station

Station Street tram stop is connected to the station concourse via a pedestrian bridge. The station has the PlusBus scheme where train and bus tickets can be bought together at a saving. It is in the same area as Attenborough, Beeston, Bulwell, Netherfield and Carlton stations.


The station has benefited from a multi-million-pound refurbishment and redevelopment; plans for which were unveiled by junior government minister Norman Baker on 5 October 2010.[4][5][6] Under the scheme, the station's porte-cochère has be made vehicle-free,[7] and the station's Grade II* listed buildings restored.[7] The redevelopment also includes the construction of another platform, more shops, and the construction of a bridge to carry Nottingham Express Transit trams over the top of the station.


The redevelopment was initially estimated to cost £67 million.[8][9] East Midlands Development Agency stated they would contribute £9.5 million to the project, however had to reduce theis amount following government cuts.[5][10] In July 2009, the then Transport Minister, Sadiq Khan, gave conditional approval for the city council to use funds raised from their controversial "Workplace Parking Levy" to contribute to the redevelopment.[11]

The final funding was reorganised to be around £60 million: Network Rail contributing £41 million, Nottingham City Council £14.8 million, EMDA £2.1 million, East Midlands Trains £1.6 million, and the Rail Heritage Trust giving £0.5 million.[5][7]

Station masterplan[edit]

In 2001 the architects Building Design Partnership (BDP) were appointed as the lead consultants,[12]:3[13][14][15] using the same team which had redeveloped Manchester Piccadilly based on an estimate of £550,000[12]:4 and in cooperation with Posford Rail, MVA, Jones Lang LaSalle and Bovis Lend Lease.[15]

  • Stage 1 of the Nottingham Station Masterplan cost £99,960[16] and was launched at Loxley House on 19 July 2002.[17]:4 The main stakeholders at the time were Nottingham City Council, Nottinghamshire County Council, Central Trains, Midland Mainline, Nottingham Development Enterprise, Nottingham Regeneration Limited and the EMDA which together acted as the Nottingham Railway Station Steering Group.[17]:1–2
  • State 2a of the masterplan preparation was budgeted to cost £59,940.63 and also to be undertaken by BDP.[17]:5

BDP engaged Tuffin Ferraby Taylor to undertake surveys of all elements of the station dating from before 1918.[2] As well as an integrated NET tram station above platform 6,[18]:5 the masterplan included an additional concourse,[19] and safeguarding for an additional platform.[18]:5

Car park[edit]

Between 2011 and 2012, a new multi-storey car park (MSCP) was constructed between Platform 6 and Queen's Road, over the western half of the station's existing car park.[20] It was built by Vinci Construction.[7] Despite protests about the car park taking natural light from the station,[citation needed] work began in March 2011 and the car park was officially opened on 14 May 2012.[21]

The initial car park design had been put on hold during 2008 after being described as a "chicken coop".[22][23] The final design for the car park has 2,107 coloured metal sheets on the outside, formed of 2.1-millimetre-thick copper and stainless steel (1.5 mm stainless, 0.6 mm "Luvata" Copper).[23][24] These panels are fixed to the MSCP using 8000 cleats fixed to pre-cast channels in the concrete structure.[24] The new car park building has five storeys[25] and was designed to have space for 950 cars.[26]

Tram bridge[edit]

The Nottingham Express Transit tram line was planned to cross the station on the line of the original Great Central Railway viaduct that had been closed in 1969; crossing from Station Street, over both the station and Queen's Road.[18]:8[27][28][29]

Supports for new tram bridge; Constructed bridge awaiting sliding into position

Construction of the tram bridge started work on 10 April 2012.[30] The tram bridge design is a Warren truss design made of 508-to-711-millimetre (20 to 28 in) diameter steel tubes.[31]:6 The main bridge is 14.530 metres (48 ft) wide between the truss centrelines, with two equal spans of 52.120 metres (171 ft).[31]:6 Walkways 2.4 to 3.0 metres (8 to 10 ft) wide run down each side of the tram tracks.[31]:2


Schemes costing £19 million (in 2007) and then £14 million (in 2008) were proposed.[32]:1 Remodelling and re-signalling costing £11.6 million was approved on 15 May 2009 by the Network Rail Investment Board,[33] and will take place as part of Control Period 4 (CP4) running from 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2014.[34] Nottingham station will be partially closed for ten weeks during 2013 for the track and signalling work.[35] During the blockade, the western end of the station will be closed to trains for 37 days and the eastern end for 10 days.[36]

Platform 4 has been split to create two platforms.[37][38] All four tracks at the western end will have bi-directional railway signalling allowing a better choice of non-conflicting routes.[37] These lines will be referred to as Line A, Line B, Line C and Line D.[39]:61 Although all lines will be directional, their intended use will be segregated, with services towards Sheffield and Mansfield focused on the northern pair of tracks, and services to Derby and Leicester focused on the southern pair of tracks.[34][40]:140 Line-speeds for trains arriving from Chesterfield and the Robin Hood Line will be increased from 35 miles per hour (56 km/h) to 50 miles per hour (80 km/h).[37] On 7 March 2012 Network Rail requested formal "network change" acceptance from the train operating companies.[40][41]

Change in platform numbering and lengths after remodelling[39]:77
Platform number previous 1 2 3 4 5 6
Platform length Steady409 Steady82 Steady409 Steady373 Steady372 Steady285
Platform number post-2013 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Platform length Decrease343 Increase90 Decrease296 Decrease112 Decrease150 Decrease290 Decrease268

On-site preparation works began in September 2011, with all new signal structures installed by June 2013 followed by the "Nottingham blockade" itself lasting from July 2013, until handover in September 2013.[40]:141 The work is spread from Beeston, past Mansfield Junction, Nottingham West Junction and to Nottingham East Junction.[40]:140 The blockade is designed to cover renewing 5.9 kilometres (3.7 mi) of track and adding or renewing 14 sets of pointwork.[40]:140


The station as viewed from the car park to the south

Halfway along the platforms is an overhead footbridge running from Station Street (at the north) and the tram stop link, over station platforms 1–5 to platform 6 and car parking facilities at Queen's Road (at the south).[18]:2 The footbridge carries Footpath 28, the only traffic-free crossing over the Midland Main Line in Nottingham.[42]:4 Footpath 28 was previously diverted from the demolished footbridge 21 to the present footbridge 20B during the 1990s. The original route formed part of the "Trent Bridge Footway"[42]:4 carrying the public between the centre of Nottingham and the river crossing at Trent Bridge. In 2004 Nottingham City Council stated that right of way over the footbridge would be closed following the completion of a multi-storey car park.[18]:4

Alternative pavement improvement works were scheduled for Queens Road in February 2009.[32]:2 During 2008–2012 BPR Architects submitted designs for automated ticket gate (ATG) barrier installations at St Pancras, Sheffield, Derby, Nottingham station concourse plus both ends of Nottingham footbridge 20B.[43]:2[44] BPR's design included four ATG barriers on the north end of the footbridge itself plus a new enclosure and four barriers between the car park and platform 6 at the south end.[45][46] A procedure to permanently stop-up the right-of-way commenced on 19 March 2010,[42]:1 A planning application for barriers was filed on 29 March 2010 and withdrawn again on 10 May 2010.[47] Following a public inquiry held during 8–9 November 2011, the stopping up order was denied; the inspector summing up:[42]:8[48][49]


Current off-peak services from the station include:

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
East Midlands Trains Terminus
East Midlands Trains Terminus
East Midlands Trains
Limited Service
Limited Service
East Midlands Trains
Limited Service
East Midlands Trains
Terminus East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Trains Terminus
East Midlands Trains Terminus
Terminus Northern Rail
Limited Service
  From 2015  
Preceding station   Nottingham Express Transit Nottingham Express Transit   Following station
Lace Market
towards Hucknall or Phoenix Park
  Line 2   Meadows Centre
towards Clifton
  Line 3   Meadows North
towards Toton Lane


Punk Rock band The Clash played a gig at Nottingham station as part of their 'Back to Basics' busking tour in the mid-eighties. The gig took place at midnight.[citation needed]

In 2004 AEA Technology on behalf of the Rail Safety and Standards Board took samples from the platform 6 trackbed as part of a research brief into the effects of "Discharge of toilet waste from trains onto the track".[50]

The film Weekend (2011) has a sequence filmed on location at Nottingham railway station between the characters Russell (Tom Cullen) and Glen (Chris New) [51]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Development Control Committee (23 April 2008). Historic Development and Archaeology. Station Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Plan (Report) (April 2008) (Nottingham City Council): 8. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Tuffin Ferraby Taylor (2 April 2008). Johnstone, Rachael, ed. "Nottingham Railway Station". Featured Projects. Retrieved 27 May 2012. AE Lambert built the station between 1903 and 1904 for Midland Railway Company. 
  3. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  4. ^ Cook, Ben (5 October 2010). "Nottingham unveils station revamp plans". Regeneration & Renewal (Haymarket). Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Transport Minister announces go-ahead for £60m station revamp". Nottingham Evening Post. 4 October 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Nottingham City Council (4 October 2010). "Norman Baker, Under-Secretary of State for Transport, announces redevelopment of Nottingham station" (video). YouTube. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Morby, Aaron (11 August 2011). "Vinci in talks to build £60m Nottingham station". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Nottingham Station". [dead link]
  9. ^ "Nottingham Station". Transport by BDP. Building Design Partnership. 1 May 2012. p. 20. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  10. ^ Robinson, Jon (18 January 2010). "Fly through £67m station revamp deal is 'close'". Nottingham Evening post. 
  11. ^ "Nottingham tram extension funding approved". Railway Gazette. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
    Nottingham City Council (31 July 2009). "NET Phase Two & Workplace Parking Levy go ahead" (video). YouTube. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Horne, Barry; Regeneration and Renewal Panel (11 October 2004). Wood, Richard, ed. Nottingham Station Master Plan. Report of the Duty Chief Executive (Report) (Nottingham City Council). Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Lumley, Keith, ed. (9 August 2010). "Station Transformation Moves a Step Closer". Press Releases. Network Rail. Retrieved 27 May 2012. BDP … the Manchester studio has been involved in the redevelopment of Nottingham and Chester stations 
  14. ^ "BDP Appointed for Retail Element of Birmingham's New Street Station". News. Building Design Partnership. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Building Design Partnership – Nottingham Rail Station". Property Mall. 17 October 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  16. ^ Jones, Adrian, ed. (14 February 2002). "Nottingham Station Masterplan". Report of the Director of Development and Environmental Services. Nottingham City Council. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c Planning and Transportation Policy Development and Review Committee (12 September 2002). Wood, Richard, ed. Nottingham Station Masterplan. Report of the Director of Development and Environmental Services (Report) (Nottingham City Council). Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Wood, Richard, ed. (27 July 2004). "Brief Description of Station Site". Nottingham Station Development Brief. Nottingham City Council. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  19. ^ Langston, Christopher (2 March 2009). "The path to Crossrail". Railway Strategies (Schofield Publishing) (242). Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  20. ^ Samuel, A. (7 March 2011). "Improvements at Nottingham station begin". Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "Train station car park opens". Nottingham Evening Post. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  22. ^ "Station car park plan put on hold". BBC News Online. 20 August 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Station car park plan moves ahead". BBC News Online. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  24. ^ a b Specialist Cladding Systems (26 April 2012). "All Change as Contemporary Car Park Façade Transforms Nottingham Station". Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  25. ^ "Train station car park opens". Nottingham Evening Post. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  26. ^ "Work starts on new Nottingham Railway Station car park". BBC News Online. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  27. ^ Samuel, A. (10 May 2012). "New Nottingham tram design unveiled". Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  28. ^ Clark, Paul (7 January 2007). Kay, Anthony, ed. "NET Forward". Railwatch (January 2007). Railfuture. p. 16. exactly on the same alignment as the old Great Central Bridge closed in the early 1970s!  |chapter= ignored (help)
  29. ^ Barker, Robert M; Novitzky, Alan (15 August 2008). "The Routes – Common Section". Report to the Secretary of State for Transport and the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government. The Nottingham Express Transit System Order Application for Deemed Planning Permission Applications for Listed Building and Conservation Area Constent (Report) (TWA/3/1/304) (The Planning Inspectorate): 14. route would pass over the railway station on new viaduct, on the line of the former Great Central Railway 
  30. ^ "Extending NET over Nottingham Station". NET Phase Two. Nottingham City Council. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  31. ^ a b c Duguid, Brian (15 March 2010). "Nottingham Station Bridge, UK". Venice: Mott MacDonald. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  32. ^ a b Joint Officer Steering Group (24 October 2008). Bamford, Jim; Carter, Chris, eds. Rail Issues Update. Joint Committee on Strategic Planning & Transport (Report) (Nottingham City Council; Nottingham County Council). Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  33. ^ Joint Officer Steering Group (17 July 2009). Bamford, Jim; Carter, Chris, eds. "Nottingham station resignalling scheme enhancements". Joint Committee on Strategic Planning & Transport. Nottingham City Council; Nottingham County Council. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  34. ^ a b "A New Start for Rail Passengers and Freight in the East Midlands". Press Releases. Network Rail. Signalling renewals at Nottingham station … segregation of trains at the west end of Nottingham with bi-directionally paired tracks for trains to Derby / Leicester and Mansfield / Sheffield 
  35. ^ "Some of Passenger Focus’s recent successes". Making a difference for all passengers (February 2012). Passenger Focus. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  36. ^ Dangerfield, Guy (9 November 2011). Hewitson, Mike, ed. Service disruption caused by engineering work. Board Meeting Paper (Report) (Passenger Focus): 1–2. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  37. ^ a b c "Designs approved for 'biggest city rail upgrade in over 100 years'". Nottingham Evening Post. 18 July 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  38. ^ "Go-ahead for £60m Nottingham railway station revamp". BBC News Online. 4 October 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  39. ^ a b Operational Planning Project Manager (13 April 2012). "East Midlands". Timetable Planning Rules. 2013 Timetable (3.0). Network Rail. p. 61,77. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  40. ^ a b c d e Programme – Nottingham resignalling. Network Rail CP4 Delivery Plan 2010 Enhancements programme: statement of scope, outputs and milestones (Report) (June 2010 update) (Network Rail). 29 June 2010: 140–141. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  41. ^ "Proposed G1 Network Change: Nottingham Station Area Signalling Renewals – Amendment" (letter) (NC/G1/2010/LNE/012A). Network Rail. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
    "NC G1 2010 LNE 012A Nottingham Station Area Signalling Renewal – Amendment" (directory). Network Rail. 28 May 2012. 
  42. ^ a b c d e Doran, Susan (13 December 2011). Order Decision. Nottingham City Council (Nottingham Midland Station Footpath No.28) Stopping Up Order 2010 SUO 5015 (Report) (FPS/Q3060/5/3) (The Planning Inspectorate). 
    "City of Nottingham Council". Online Rights of Way C. The Planning Inspectorate. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  43. ^ BPR Architects. "Document Issues Sheet" (Schedule). East Midlands ATG Enabling Works (EMT). p. 2. 
  44. ^ "Fare-dodge crackdown at train station". Nottingham Evening Post. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  45. ^ "10/00885/LLIS1". 10 May 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2012. Installation of automatic ticket gates on footbridge and erection of entrance enclosure to house automatic ticket gates to south of footbridge with associated CCTV cameras. 
  46. ^ NWW (24 February 2010). PBP, ed. "Proposed Entrance Enclosure General Arrangement" (drawing). Nottingham City Council. drawing 0847-01/53. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  47. ^ "Withdrawal of Planning Proposal". Listed Building Consent (10/00885/LLIS1). Installation of automatic ticket gates on footbridge and erection of entrance enclosure to house automatic ticket gates to south of footbridge with associated CCTV cameras. … In accordance with your request, I am treating the above application as withdrawn. 
  48. ^ "Ramblers jubilant over saved station path" (press release). Press release archive. The Ramblers. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  49. ^ "Historic footpath saved by walkers". Nottingham Evening Post. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  50. ^ Hammersen, R (15 December 2004). Woods, Michael, ed. Discharge of toilet waste from trains onto the track. R&D Programme (Report) (T051) (Rail Safety and Standards Board). Retrieved 27 May 2012. samples were taken from 100 metre sections at Nottingham station platform 6, and Lowdham Junction. 
  51. ^

External links[edit]