14th Cavalry Brigade (British Indian Army)

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Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade
7th Mounted Brigade
14th Cavalry Brigade
Active 1908–1918
Country  United Kingdom
Allegiance British Crown
Branch  British Army
British Indian Army
Type Yeomanry, Cavalry
Size Brigade
Part of 2nd Mounted Division
5th Cavalry Division
HQ (peacetime) Nottingham
Engagements

World War I

Gallipoli 1915
Salonika 1916–17
Egypt and Palestine 1917–18
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Goland Vanhalt Clarke

The Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade (later numbered as the 7th Mounted Brigade) was a yeomanry brigade of the British Army, formed as part of the Territorial Force in 1908.

It served dismounted in the Gallipoli Campaign before being remounted to serve in the Salonika and Sinai and Palestine Campaigns in World War I.

In April 1918, it was merged with elements of the 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade to form 14th Cavalry Brigade. It remained in Palestine after the end of the war on occupation duties.

Formation[edit]

Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade
Organisation on 4 August 1914

Under the terms of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9), the brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force. It consisted of three yeomanry regiments, a horse artillery battery and ammunition column, a transport and supply column and a field ambulance.[1]

As the name suggests, the units were drawn from Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.[2]

World War I[edit]

Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade[edit]

The brigade was embodied on 4 August 1914 upon the outbreak of World War I. Initially, it concentrated in Berkshire[3] and on 5 August 1914 joined the 1st Mounted Division. On 2 September it was transferred to the 2nd Mounted Division and in mid November 1914 it moved with its division to Norfolk on coastal defence duties.[4]

Egypt[edit]

In April 1915, the 2nd Mounted Division moved to Egypt arriving at Alexandria between 19 and 21 April[5] and was posted to Cairo by the middle of May.[6] In May 1915, the brigade was designated 3rd (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Mounted Brigade.[7]

It was dismounted in August 1915 and took part in the Gallipoli Campaign.[8] Each regiment left a squadron headquarters and two troops (about 100 officers and men) in Egypt to look after the horses.[9]

Gallipoli[edit]

The brigade landed at Suvla Bay on the night of 17/18 August and moved into reserve positions at Lala Baba on the night of 20 August. On 21 August it advanced to Chocolate Hill under heavy fire and took part on the right flank of the attack on Hill 112.[5]

Due to losses during the Battle of Scimitar Hill and wastage during August 1915, the 2nd Mounted Division had to be reorganised. On 4 September 1915, the 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade was formed from the 3rd (Notts and Derby) and 4th (London) Mounted Brigades.[10] The brigade formed a battalion sized unit 3rd Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment.[11] The brigade embarked for Mudros on 2 November and returned to Egypt in December 1915 where it was reformed and remounted.[10]

7th Mounted Brigade[edit]

7th Mounted Brigade
Organisation, January 1916[11]

The brigade left the 2nd Mounted Division on 18 and 19 January 1916. In February 1916 the brigade was sent to take part in the Salonika Campaign.[7] On 31 March 1916, the remaining Mounted Brigades were numbered in a single sequence. As a consequence, the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade was redesignated as 7th Mounted Brigade.[12]

The brigade arrived back in Egypt from Salonika on 29 June 1917,[13] less the Derbyshire Yeomanry which remained in Macedonia as GHQ Troops with the British Salonika Army.[14] The brigade served variously as Corps Troops with the Desert Mounted Corps and XXI Corps and on attachment to the Yeomanry Mounted Division.[13] Essex Battery, RHA joined from 52nd (Lowland) Division on 17 September 1917[13] and was still assigned to the brigade when it joined the new 2nd Mounted Division.[15]

14th Cavalry Brigade[edit]

14th Cavalry Brigade
Organisation, September 1918[16]

In March 1918, the 2nd Indian Cavalry Division was broken up in France. The Canadian (Canadian Cavalry Brigade) and British units (notably 7th Dragoon Guards, 8th Hussars and N and X Batteries RHA) remained in France and the Indian elements were sent to Egypt.[17]

By an Egyptian Expeditionary Force GHQ Order of 12 April 1918, the mounted troops of the EEF were reorganised when the Indian Army units arrived in theatre. On 24 April 1918, the 2nd Mounted Division[a] was formed[18] on the Indian Establishment[b] and the 7th Mounted Brigade was assigned to it.[15]

On 24 April 1918, the 7th Mounted Brigade was merged with elements of the 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade:[16]

On 22 July 1918, the 2nd Mounted Division was renumbered as the 5th Cavalry Division and the brigade as 14th Cavalry Brigade. The sub units (Signal Troop, Combined Cavalry Field Ambulance and Mobile Veterinary Section) were renumbered on the same date.[16]

The brigade remained with 5th Cavalry Division for the rest of the war, taking part in the Affair of Abu Tellul, Battle of Megiddo, Capture of Damascus, and Occupation of Aleppo.[18]

Commanders[edit]

The Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade[21] / 7th Mounted Brigade / 14th Cavalry Brigade[22] had the following commanders:

From Rank Name
1 April 1912 Colonel P.A. Kenna, VC, DSO
5 August 1914 Brigadier-General
20 August 1915 Colonel E.H. Cole (acting, wounded 21 August)
21 August 1915 Major F. Fitz H. Lance (acting)
24 August 1915 Brigadier-General P.A. Kenna, VC, DSO (wounded 28 August, died of wounds 30 August)
29 August 1915 Major F. Fitz H. Lance (acting)
1 September 1915 Brigadier-General F. Fitz H. Lance (until 4 September 1915)[c]
1 December 1915 Brigadier-General F. Fitz H. Lance
July 1917[23] Brigadier-General J.T. Wigan, CMG, DSO[24]
6 December 1917 Brigadier-General G.V. Clarke, DSO[24]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Not to be confused with the original 2nd Mounted Division that fought dismounted at Gallipoli.
  2. ^ British Indian Army standard whereby brigades only retained one British regiment or battalion and most support units were Indian (artillery excepted).
  3. ^ Brigade was absorbed in 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade 4 September to 1 December 1915.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Westlake 1992, p. 15
  2. ^ Conrad, Mark (1996). "The British Army, 1914". Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 59
  4. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 36
  5. ^ a b Westlake 1996, pp. 252,272–274
  6. ^ Becke 1936, p. 16
  7. ^ a b Becke 1936, p. 14
  8. ^ James 1978, p. 35
  9. ^ James 1978, p. 34
  10. ^ a b Becke 1936, p. 17
  11. ^ a b Becke 1936, p. 13
  12. ^ James 1978, p. 36
  13. ^ a b c Becke 1936, p. 33
  14. ^ James 1978, p. 17
  15. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 27
  16. ^ a b c Perry 1993, p. 26
  17. ^ Perry 1993, p. 20
  18. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 28
  19. ^ James 1978, p. 26
  20. ^ James 1978, p. 29
  21. ^ Becke 1936, pp. 10,11
  22. ^ Perry 1993, p. 25
  23. ^ Davies & Maddocks 1995, pp. 203–204
  24. ^ a b "Commanders of the Desert Mounted Corps". http://www.nzmr.org. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4. 
  • Davies, Frank; Maddocks, Graham (1995). Bloody Red Tabs. Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-463-6. 
  • James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2. 
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport, Gwent: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0. 
  • Westlake, Ray (1992). British Territorial Units 1914–18. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-168-7. 
  • Westlake, Ray (1996). British Regiments at Gallipoli. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-511-X.