Nouméa Cathedral

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NouméaDom.jpg

Nouméa Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Saint-Joseph de Nouméa) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, dedicated to Saint Joseph, in Nouméa, New Caledonia. It has been the seat since 1966 of the Archdiocese of Nouméa, to which the former Vicariate Apostolic of Nouvelle-Calédonie was elevated.

History[edit]

The cathedral, dedicated to Saint Joseph, the husband of the Virgin Mary, was built between 1887 and 1897 as the seat of the Vicar Apostolic of Nouvelle-Calédonie (created in 1847) with convict labour to plans by a former prisoner, a certain Labulle. It was blessed on 26 October 1890 by Père Xavier Montrouzier, almoner of the hospital, opened on the following All Saints Day, and consecrated in 1893 by the Vicar Apostolic of Fiji, Monseigneur Julien Vidal,[1] before the façade and the bell towers were completely finished.

Structure[edit]

The cathedral has a Latin cross ground plan,[2] and is 56 m (184 ft) long (five bays with sexpartite ogival vaults for the nave, two straight bays and five polygonal bays for the choir), with a transept 36 m (118 ft) wide, on a south-west–north-east axis. 15.5 m (51 ft) high, the building is flanked on its south-west façade to either side of the porch by two towers 25 m (82 ft) high with stone balustrades at the top. (Originally it was intended to add spires to the tops of the towers, but the idea was abandoned given the prevalence of cyclones). The two towers, the buttresses and the surrounds of the doors and windows are in dressed stone (typical of the buildings constructed by the convicts), while the other walls are of rubble masonry mortared with lime. The woodwork and the ogival vaults are in red kauri wood.[3] The roof is made of corrugated metal.

Windows[edit]

The building contains 28 stained glass windows depicting various saints and Biblical figures:

There is also a statue of Joan of Arc in armour and bearing a standard on the terrace outside to the south. This was a gift from the Bishop of Orléans in 1901.[4]

Site and contents[edit]

The cathedral overlooking the town

The cathedral is situated on an elevation dominating the town centre of Nouméa and is built on artificial terraces constructed between 1876 and 1887. It was classed as a monument historique on 20 August 1992, partly because of its outlook, partly because in its architecture it resembles several cathedrals of Latin America, and partly because of the quality of many of its furnishings. These include its high altar, sculpted in 1860, and inherited from the Mission de Saint-Louis, the first mother-church of the vicariate apostolic until the consecration of the cathedral in 1893.[1] Other important furnishings are the carvings in tamanu wood;[5] the choir; the bishop's throne; the chapels, in which the giant holy water stoups are made from the shells of giant clams (Tridacna gigas);[6] the chandelier, a replica of that of the Church of the Madeleine in Paris and made from one of the first pieces of nickel mined in New Caledonia;[7] the carved lectern; and the organ loft.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Histoire du diocèse de Nouméa sur son site officiel PDF (French)
  2. ^ Plan of the cathedral on the diocesan website
  3. ^ The kauri (Agathis) is a conifer that grows on ore-bearing ground and produces a massive resinous wood that can be either red, as here, or white
  4. ^ boussac.free.fr: Nouméa: La Cathédrale Saint Joseph (French)
  5. ^ Calophyllum inophyllum; it produces a hard wood, in colour between brownish pink and red
  6. ^ the everday name of these clams in French is bénitier, which is also the word for "holy water stoup"
  7. ^ « La ville de Nouméa », Nouvelle-Calédonie Tourisme Point Sud (French)

Sources and external links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°16′22″S 166°26′40″E / 22.27278°S 166.44444°E / -22.27278; 166.44444