Nova (Frankie Raye)
Pin-up from Silver Surfer Annual #1 (1988).
Artwork by Ron Lim.
|First appearance||Fantastic Four #164 (November 1975)|
|Created by||Roy Thomas (writer) and George Pérez (artist)|
|Alter ego||Frankie Raye|
|Team affiliations||Heralds of Galactus
|Abilities||Use of Power Cosmic|
Publication history 
|This section requires expansion. (December 2012)|
The character first appeared as Frankie Raye in Fantastic Four #164 (November 1975) and was created by writer Roy Thomas and artist George Pérez. After several years as a minor supporting character, she became a herald of Galactus and assumed the name "Nova" in Fantastic Four #244 (July 1982) by John Byrne. The character was killed in Silver Surfer #75 (December 1992). Writer Kathryn Immonen and artist Tonči Zonjić revived Frankie Raye in the Heralds limited series in 2010.
Fictional character biography 
Frankie Raye worked for the United Nations as an interpreter. She met Johnny Storm and became his girlfriend, despite her fear of fire. The couple soon break up, despite an attempt at reconciliation by Johnny. A brief encounter by the two some time later results in an unpleasant reaction by Frankie. They eventually begin to see each other again. Her fear was eventually explained to be the result of a mental block induced by her stepfather, Phineas Horton, after she was accidentally doused with the chemicals which caused the android original Human Torch (his creation) to burst into flame, in an attempt to prevent her from using the Torch-like powers granted to her by the accident.
After breaking through the block, she regained her full memory and discovered her previously repressed superhuman powers, and became the third person to take the name the Human Torch. She aided the Fantastic Four for a short time, until she volunteered to become the new herald of Galactus. She took the name "Nova". Having previously demonstrated what the Fantastic Four deemed an alarming willingness to kill opponents, she claimed to have no compunction about leading him to sentient populated planets and proved that when she led the Devourer of Worlds to the Skrull home-world to consume it. Nova later attended the trial of Reed Richards by the Shi'ar Empire. When Richard Rider resumed his Nova identity alongside the New Warriors, he was briefly called "Kid Nova" to distinguish him from Raye.
Nova was later rescued from Skrull imprisonment by the Silver Surfer, whom she met for the first time. She then battled the Elders of the Universe. Galactus sent her to locate one of the Elders, the Contemplator, and she was joined in this quest by the Silver Surfer. They journeyed to the Coal Sack Nebula where they were captured by Captain Reptyl. After battling Captain Reptyl, Nova battled Ronan the Accuser. This was followed by a clash with a Skrull duplicate of the Silver Surfer and a romantic flirtation with the real Silver Surfer. Nova and Galactus battled the In-Betweener. Nova then turned her romantic interests toward Firelord.
Nova later encountered an injured Elan. She battled the second Star-Stalker, and then met the Power Pack. A stimulator device temporarily rendered her evil, until she was subdued by Reed and Franklin Richards, and Power Pack.
Frankie Raye was ultimately killed by the alien Morg, who had replaced her as Galactus' herald. The demon Mephisto later made it appear that she had returned from the dead in a failed bid to steal the soul of the Silver Surfer.
In the weekly mini-series Heralds, a character named Frances appears. After stabbing a customer at the diner where she works following a disruption from space that led to the destruction of a S.W.O.R.D. facility and the release of many cloned scientists and prehistoric life forms, Frances speed off in a car where she meets a clone of Phineas Horton. After crashing the car while attempting to miss him, Frances looks up at Horton and says "Father?" while the Horton clone greets her with, "Hello Frankie." As the series continues, female superheroes Emma Frost, Hellcat, Monica Rambeau, She-Hulk and Valkyrie find her and after a brief discussion where they speculate that she could be a returned Frankie Raye, which she denies, claiming her name is Frances, they agree to take her to the Baxter Building. At the same time, a fully flamed Nova arrives in New York, causing Johnny Storm's powers to activate automatically.
Powers and abilities 
Nova originally gained her superhuman powers as the result of a mutagenic reaction to an exposure to unknown chemicals. Originally, she had powers similar to that of the Human Torch: flame generation, projection, and flight.
Her powers were later enhanced exponentially by the infusion of cosmic energies by the world-devourer Galactus. She gained metahuman strength, stamina, durability, agility, and reflexes. She had the ability to manipulate cosmic energy in the form of stellar fire, and which allowed her to project any form of energy possessed by a star, including heat, light, gravity, radio waves and charged particles. She also had the ability to project streams of stellar fire for distances in the hundreds of miles, and to mentally control the flame she projects (for instance, to maintain a sustained ring around a person or object at a fixed distance). She also has the ability to fly at superluminal speeds through intergalactic space and traverse hyper-space. Finally, she possessed near-total physical invulnerability, as was evident when she was once punched by Phoenix III with such force that it launched her from Earth and slammed her into the moon's surface, forming an impact crater in the process. She later expressed amazement that she was able to even survive such a blow, let alone withstand it completely uninjured. Nova's entire body, particularly her head, is plumed with cosmic energy resembling flames.
Frankie Raye was fluent in more than one language besides English.
Other versions 
Writer-penciler John Byrne and inker Terry Austin produced a serialized story titled "The Last Galactus Story", which appeared in the anthology comics-magazine Epic Illustrated #26-34 (Oct. 1984 - Feb. 1986), and detailed an all-new adventure for the character. The magazine published the first nine serialized installments of a what was to be a 10-part tale. Each ran six pages, with the exception of part eight, which ran 12 pages. The magazine was cancelled as of February 1986, leaving the last chapter unpublished and the story unfinished. According to notes at Byrne's website, the conclusion of the story would see a dying Galactus releasing his power causing a new Big Bang and transforming his herald Nova into the Galactus for the new universe.
During the Fantastic Four's fight with Abraxas, they were briefly allied with an alternate version of Nova. It was revealed at the conclusion that she was actually allied with Abraxas after her Galactus destroyed Earth even after accepting her as his herald. Nova transferred her anger for her failure to the Fantastic Four of the Earth-616 universe in the absence of her own. Abraxas subsequently drew in an army of Novas who had experienced similar traumas to keep the Fantastic Four occupied while he acquired the Ultimate Nullifier, the resulting army of Novas requiring the assistance of an army of alternate Avengers just to keep them occupied.
In other media 
- Nova appeared in the Fantastic Four episode "When Calls Galactus" voiced by Leeza Miller McGee. Like the comics, she ends up getting her powers when she accidentally got doused in the chemicals that gave the android Human Torch his powers. She is upgraded into her herald form when joining Galactus, after powering him up enough to survive the effects of the poisoned planet he'd consumed earlier without the need to devour Earth.
- Nova appears in the Silver Surfer TV series voiced by Tara Rosling. In this version, she's a mutant with the power to find anything she seeks. She is given her herald powers by Galactus when he chooses her as his herald in place of the Silver Surfer. She also mentions that her name is Frankie Raye.
- Frankie Raye appears in the Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes episode "Zoned Out", voiced by Tabitha St. Germain.
- Dietsch, TJ (March 5, 2010). "Heralds: Woman Power". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
- Richards, Dave (March 8, 2010). "Immonen Summons Her Heralds". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
- Thomas, Roy (w), Pérez, George (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "The Crusader Syndrome!" Fantastic Four 164 (November 1975)
- Thomas, Roy (w), Buckler, Rich; Pérez, George (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "Death Is a Golden Gorilla!" Fantastic Four 171 (June 1976)
- Wein, Len (w), Pérez, George (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "Four No More!" Fantastic Four 191 (February 1978)
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "The Andromeda Attack!" Fantastic Four 204 (March 1979)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Byrne, John (i). "Back to the Basics!" Fantastic Four 232 (July 1981)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Byrne, John (i). "The Lady Is for Burning!" Fantastic Four 238 (January 1982)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Byrne, John (i). "Beginnings and Endings" Fantastic Four 244 (July 1982)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Byrne, John (i). "Fragments" Fantastic Four 257 (August 1983)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Byrne, John (i). "The Trial of Reed Richards" Fantastic Four 262 (January 1984)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Rogers, Marshall (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "--Free--" Silver Surfer v3, 1 (July 1987)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Rogers, Marshall (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Doomsday" Silver Surfer v3, 9 (March 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Rogers, Marshall (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Space Is... Eternity!" Silver Surfer v3, 10 (April 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Staton, Joe (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Nova" Silver Surfer v3, 11 (May 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Rogers, Marshall (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Sick!" Silver Surfer v3, 12 (June 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Staton, Joe (p), Cockrum, Dave (i). "Masques!" Silver Surfer v3, 13 (July 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Staton, Joe (p), Rubinstein, Joe; Marzan, Jr., Jose (i). "Silver Mirrors!" Silver Surfer v3, 14 (August 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Lim, Ron (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Resurrection" Silver Surfer v3, 17 (November 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Lim, Ron (p), Rubinstein, Joe (i). "Heavyweights" Silver Surfer v3, 18 (December 1988)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Lim, Ron (p), Williams, Keith (i). "Playing With Matches" Silver Surfer v3, 19 (January 1989)
- Higgins, Michael; Kruchkow, Seth (w), Morgan, Tom (p), Mushynsky, Andy (i). "Childhood's End" Power Pack 56 (June 1990)
Higgins, Michael (w), Morgan, Tom (p), Morgan, Tom; Mushynsky, Andy (i). "Fire" Power Pack 57 (July 1990)
Higgins, Michael (w), Morgan, Tom (p), Morgan, Tom (i). "Star Struck" Power Pack 58 (September 1990)
- Marz, Ron (w), Lim, Ron (p), Christopher, Tom (i). Silver Surfer v3, 75 (December 1992)
- Marz, Ron (w), Hall, Jim (p), McKenna, Mark (i). Silver Surfer v3, 96 (September 1994)
Marz, Ron (w), Hall, Jim (p), Christopher, Tom (i). "Temptation: Greed" Silver Surfer v3, 97 (October 1994)
Marz, Ron (w), Hall, Jim (p), Christopher, Tom (i). "Temptation: Power" Silver Surfer v3, 98 (November 1994)
Marz, Ron (w), Hall, Jim (p), Almond, Bob (i). "Temptation: Lust" Silver Surfer v3, 99 (December 1994)
Marz, Ron (w), Phillips, Joe; Grindberg, Tom (p), Christopher, Tom; Hudson, Don; Almond, Bob (i). Silver Surfer v3, 100 (January 1995)
- Immonen, Kathryn (w), Zonjić, Tonči (p), Zonjić, Tonči (i). "Heaven or Las Vegas" Heralds 1 (August 2010)
- Immonen, Kathryn (w), Zonjić, Tonči (p), Harren, James (i). "Dreams Never End" Heralds 2 (August 2010)
- Claremont, Chris (w), Wozniak, Chris (p), Milgrom, Al (i). "Guess Who's Coming for Phoenix?" Excalibur 25 (Early August 1990)
- Layton, Bob (w), Layton, Bob; de la Rosa, Sam (p), Layton, Bob; de la Rosa, Sam (i). "--Not Just Another Galactus Story!" Hercules 4 (December 1982)
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The Shattered Stars (Chapter One)" Epic Illustrated 26 (October 1984)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The Shadows in the Stone (Chapter Two)" Epic Illustrated 27 (December 1984)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "Return of the Exile (Chapter Three)" Epic Illustrated 28 (February 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The Rhyming Robot (Chapter Four)" Epic Illustrated 29 (April 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The End of the Earth (Chapter Five)" Epic Illustrated 30 (June 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The Hidden Stars (Chapter Six)" Epic Illustrated 31 (August 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "Tunnel in the Sky (Chapter Seven)" Epic Illustrated 32 (October 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Wiacek, Bob (i). "The Dweller in Darkness (Chapter Eight)" Epic Illustrated 33 (December 1985)
Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Austin, Terry (i). "The Face of the Foe (Chapter Nine)" Epic Illustrated 34 (February 1986)
- Byrne, John (February 15, 2005). "Frequently Asked Questions - Questions about Aborted Storylines". ByrneRobotics.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Pacheco, Carlos; Marín, Rafael; Loeb, Jeph (w), Pacheco, Carlos (p), Merino, Jesus (i). "Dark Victory" Fantastic Four v3, 49 (January 2002)
- Zach, DST (September 20, 2011). "Final Heralds of Galactus Minimates Box Set Line-Up Revealed!". ArtAsylum.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013. "A few months back, Toys “R” Us hosted a poll to choose who would be in their exclusive four-pack of Marvel Minimates spotlighting Galactus and his Heralds. And we are now pleased to reveal the lineup! Nova, Morg, Terrax and Galactus himself will be in the 4-pack, and each will be tricked out to the max. Nova will have a flaming flight base that connects to her fiery hair."
- Nova (Frankie Raye) at the Marvel Universe wiki
- Nova (Frankie Raye) at the Comic Book DB
- Frankie Raye at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe
- Frankie Raye at the Marvel Database
- "A girl named Frankie Raye" at The Mighty World of Bronze Age Marvel