Nova Scotia Highway 102
|Veteran's Memorial Highway (entire length)
Bicentennial Drive (exit 0 to exit 4)
|Maintained by Nova Scotia Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal|
|Length:||100 km (62 mi)|
|South end:||Bayers Road Halifax
| Hwy 101 in Bedford
Hwy 118 to Dartmouth
|North end:||Hwy 104 (TCH) in Onslow|
|Counties:||Hants, Colchester, Halifax Regional Municipality, East Hants|
In 2002 the section of Highway 102 between Fall River and Truro was redesignated as Veteran's Memorial Highway. Between Fall River and Halifax it is known as Bicentennial Drive. The numerical designation for both sections is 102.
The entire highway is a divided 4-lane freeway, with the exception of a 5-lane (3 lanes northbound) section between the Highway 118 interchange at Miller Lake and the Halifax International Airport at Enfield. This 3-lane northbound section is not a result of particularly high traffic volumes but rather it is a relic of the previous configuration of this section of Highway 102. Previously the section from Fall River to near Enfield was a three-lane undivided section, including a centre passing lane favouring northbound traffic. When the highway was twinned the three lanes were left in place for northbound traffic. Portions of Highway 102 south of the Halifax International Airport pass through several microclimates and are notorious for frequent variations in visibility due to fog caused by elevation changes.
The highway parallels the route of its predecessor, Trunk 2, and was developed in stages from the 1950s to the 1980s. Initially, some sections were controlled access 2-lane, as well as 4-lane. The route has also changed somewhat, particularly during the early 1980s when the last part to be constructed resulted in the bypass of Shubenacadie and Stewiacke through to Truro.
The initial speed limit on the highway was 100 km/h (60 mph) until this was raised to 110 km/h (70 mph) for the section between the interchange with Highway 118 (approximately km 26) and the Millbrook First Nation exit (approximately km 92). South of Highway 118 and north of Millbrook, the highway retains its original 100 km/h speed limit.
From the 1970s to the early 1990s, Highway 102 was actively patrolled by the RCMP using aerial surveillance for speed limit violations. The aerial surveillance program was restarted in 2005.
The original portion of the highway from Bayers Road to Fall River was opened in October 1958, the bicentennial year of the First General Assembly of Nova Scotia (1758); as such, it is the oldest section of controlled access highway in Atlantic Canada. This portion of the highway was officially named Bicentennial Drive, but it has become known as "Bicentennial Highway", often shortened to "Bi-Hi", even in official documents.
Highway 102 near Halifax was the subject of a 2009 study called Highway 102 Corridor Study which examined the performance of the existing highway and projected which upgrades will be required in the future.
The proposed Highway 113 would create a new interchange between Larry Uteck Boulevard (Exit 2B) and Hammonds Plains Road (Exit 3). Highway 113 is intended to be a connector from Highway 102 to Highway 103, serving as a bypass to the heavily traveled Hammonds Plains Road (Route 213). Highway 113 is not yet budgeted and in addition some opposition has been mounted due to the route proposed.
- Interchange for Larry Uteck Boulevard
A new interchange at Larry Uteck Boulevard (designated Exit 2B) was opened in 2010 between Exits 2 (Kearney Lake Road) and 3 (Hammonds Plains Road). Future plans are in place to also connect the west side of the interchange to Kearney Lake Road.
This is the first major interchange to be built on Highway 102 since the mid-1990s and is intended to serve the rapidly growing community of Bedford South and the future area of Bedford West. The interchange is based on the traditional diamond layout but uses roundabouts instead of signalized intersections at the ramps for increased safety and capacity.
As part of this project, Larry Uteck Boulevard was extended to the new interchange and now provides a direct connection between Highway 102 and Bedford Highway, serving new residential retail areas.
Traffic volumes on Highway 102 between Highway 101 and Bayers Road vary between 40,000 and 53,000 vehicles per day. Many motorists still prefer using the older 2-lane Bedford Highway (Trunk 2), which in comparison has volumes between 18,000 and 25,000 vpd and operates at or near 100% capacity through much of its length during peak periods.
Access on the Halifax Peninsula
The 4-lane divided freeway portion of Highway 102 ends at Bayers Road in the west end of the Halifax Peninsula. Some streets on the Halifax Peninsula are signed with Highway 102 directional markers, with the word "INBOUND" marking a path from the end of the freeway section into the downtown core, and "OUTBOUND" marking the reverse path from the same terminus in the downtown core to the start of the freeway. These streets do not appear to be officially part of Highway 102.
Access between Highway 111 and Highway 102 is provided via Connaught Avenue north from Bayers Road and the Windsor Street Exchange to the A. Murray MacKay Bridge. This is not an officially signed route and uses municipal streets to facilitate the connection.
The "inbound" route markers are posted east on Bayers Road, south on Connaught Avenue, east on Quinpool Road, south on Bell Road, then east on Sackville Street to the intersection with Lower Water Street.
The "outbound" markers are posted beginning north on Lower Water Street, west on Cogswell Street, west on Quinpool Road, north on Connaught Avenue, west on Bayers Road.
Communities served along the highway include, from south to north:
- Halifax (the former city)
- Clayton Park
- Lower Sackville
- Fall River
- Halifax International Airport
- Millbrook First Nation
Interchanges from south to north
|Location||Exit Number||Kilometre Post*||Intersecting Roads|
|Halifax RM (Halifax)||0||0||Joseph Howe Drive|
|Halifax RM||1D||1||Northwest Arm Drive, Dunbrack Street|
|Halifax RM||1A||2|| Hwy 103
|Halifax RM||2A||4||Lacewood Drive, Bayers Lake|
|Halifax RM (Halifax)||2||7||Kearney Lake Road|
|Halifax RM (Halifax)||2B||10||Larry Uteck Boulevard|
|Halifax RM (Bedford)||(none)||11||Hwy 113 (proposed freeway)|
|Halifax RM (Bedford)||3||12||Hammonds Plains Road ( Route 213)|
|Halifax RM (Bedford)||4A/B||16|| Hwy 101 / Bedford Highway
(Trunk 1/Evangeline Trail) (Lower Sackville)
|Halifax RM (Lower Sackville/Bedford)||4C||17||Duke Street / Glendale Avenue|
|Halifax RM (Fall River)||5||24||Trunk 2 / Hwy 118 (northbound)|
|Halifax RM (Fall River)||5||25||Hwy 118 (southbound only)|
|Halifax RM||5A||31||Aerotech Drive ( Route 212)|
|Halifax RM||6||34||Halifax International Airport|
|Halifax RM (Enfield)||7||40||Trunk 2|
|Milford||9||57||Trunk 14 / Route 224 |
|Millbrook First Nation||13A||93||Treaty Trail / Tower Road|
|Truro||13||95||Truro Heights Road|
|Truro||14||97|| Trunk 2 South / Route 236 (Robie Street)
|Onslow||14A||98||Trunk 2 North (northbound only) (Glooscap Trail)|
|Onslow||15W/15E||100||Hwy 104 (TCH)|
- *Exit numbers in Nova Scotia are sequential.