Novell Open Enterprise Server
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is the successor product to Novell, Inc.'s NetWare operating system (OS). Unlike the proprietary Novell Netware OS, Novell OES is no longer an operating system - it instead runs on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES). Originally released in March 2005, the previous (2011) release is OES 2 SP3. The current release, OES 11, was released December 13, 2011.
Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) is best thought of as a platform for delivery of shared network services (file, print, directory, clustering, backup, storage management, PKI, web applications, etc.) and common management tools. OES can run atop either a Linux or a NetWare kernel. Clustered configurations can include nodes with either kernel types, and most services can migrate freely between the platforms. Thus, customers can deploy the platform selection that best suits their needs, as opposed to being locked into a single platform.
When installed using a Linux kernel, the product is known as OES-Linux. This uses SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) as its platform. Atop the SLES install, daemons are added to provide NCP, eDirectory, NSS, iPrint and other services delivered by OES.
When installed using a NetWare kernel, the product is known as OES-NetWare. This uses NetWare v6.5 as its platform. Atop the NetWare install, NLMs are added to provide Apache web server, Tomcat, OpenSSH, NCP, eDirectory, NSS, iPrint and other services delivered by OES.
OES 2 was released on 8 October 2007. It includes NetWare 6.5 SP7, which supports running as a paravirtualized guest inside the Xen hypervisor and new Linux-based version using SLES 10. New features include:
- 64-bit support
- Dynamic Storage Technology, which provide Novell Shadow Volumes
- Domain services for Microsoft Windows
- Apple Filing Protocol (AFP)
For more details see Upgrading to OES2 - Planning & Implementation Guide
OES 11 was released 13 December 2011 based on SLES 11 SP1 64-bit. This is the first version of OES to be 64-bit (x86_64) only, and to be SLES based only (not NetWare).
- Introduces Novell Kanaka for Mac client
- Uses Zypper tool to patch up to 100 times faster than OES2
- Added Automated / Unattended Upgrades from OES2
- New Novell Linux Volume Manager ( NLVM) provides easier storage management
- OES was released in March 2005 and included NetWare 6.5 SP3 and SLES 9 SP1.
- OES SP1, released in September 2005, was based on NetWare 6.5 SP4 and SLES 9 SP2.
- OES SP2, released in January 2006, was based on NetWare 6.5 SP5 and SLES 9 SP3.
- OES 2, based on NetWare 6.5 SP7 and SLES 10 SP1, was released on October 8, 2007.
- OES 11 was released on December 13, 2011, based on SLES 11 SP1 (64-bit only).
- OES 11 SP1 was released on August 28, 2012, based on SLES 11 SP2.
Novell executives, as well as most analysts,[who?] expect that porting these services to an OS with growing popularity and better support from hardware and software vendors will give Novell a good opportunity to improve its business results.
OES is Novell's reaction to two things:
- the increased significance of Linux and open-source in the company strategy and the industry in general
- the fact that it lost a lot of market share, not because the customers were dissatisfied with the quality of its networking services (usually it was just the opposite), but mostly because these services ran almost exclusively on top of an OS that was narrowly specialized in its initial design and didn't get as strong support from ISVs as most of its competitors.
Licensing costs are identical regardless of the platform, and the platforms may be mixed under the same license. As is typical for Novell's products, OES is licensed per user seat, without regard to the number of physical servers on which the product is deployed. Further, pricing is typically not altered by physical CPUs or the use of hardware virtualization technologies (e.g. VMware, Xen). Finally, NetWare and OES both include two-node licenses for Novell Cluster Services, allowing basic clustered environments to be created without additional licensing charges.
- Harris, Jeffrey; Mike Latimer (2005). Novell Open Enterprise Server Administrator's Handbook, SUSE LINUX Edition. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32749-0.
- Harris, Jeffrey (2005). Novell Open Enterprise Server Administrator's Handbook, NetWare Edition. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32748-3.
- Bastiaansen, Rob; Sander van Vugt (2006). Novell Cluster Services for Linux and NetWare. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32845-9.
- Hughes, Jeffrey (2005). Novell's Guide to Open Enterprise Server Networks. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-7897-3196-8.
- Williams, Jason; Peter Clegg, Emmett Dulaney (2005). Expanding Choice: Moving to Linux and Open Source with Novell Open Enterprise Server. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32722-3.
- Simpson, Ted (2006). Hands-On Novell Open Enterprise Server for Netware and Linux. Course Technology. ISBN 978-1-4188-3531-6.
- van Vugt, Sander (2005). Pro Novell Open Enterprise Server. Apress. ISBN 978-1-59059-483-4.
- Tomkinson, Larry (2009). Upgrading to OES2 Planning and Implementation Guide. Novell.
- "Novell Open Enterprise Server 11 Authorized Beta". 5 April 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Novell Open Enterprise Server product page
- Open Enterprise Server Cool Solutions - tips & tricks, guides, tools and other resources submitted by the OES community
- Upgrading to OES resources