|Comune di Novellara|
Piazza Unità d'Italia
|Province||Reggio Emilia (RE)|
|Frazioni||Bettolino, Carrobbio, Colombaia, La Bernolda, Minghella, Mulino di Sotto, San Bernardino, San Giovanni della Fossa, Santa Maria della Fossa, Vezzola|
|• Mayor||Raul Daoli (since June 14, 2004) (Centre-Left)|
|• Total||58 km2 (22 sq mi)|
|Elevation||24 m (79 ft)|
|Population (30 June 2012)|
|• Density||240/km2 (620/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Cassiano|
|Saint day||May 4|
Novellara is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, with some 13,500 inhabitants. It is 19 kilometres (12 miles) north of Reggio Emilia and has a railway station for the local train going from Reggio to Guastalla.
The current name comes from the medieval Nubilaria, when the surrounding terrain was mostly covered by marshes, which favoured the formation of recurring fogs.
The town was the seat of the Gonzaga family from the 13th century: here Guido Gonzaga, in the early 14th century, created an effectively independente county which later evolved in a state which lasted until the contemporary era. The family held the title count and were known as the Gonzaga of Novellara in some sources.
As a titular Duke of Modena, the current holder of the title of "Sovereign Count (or Prince) of Novellara" would be Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este.
- The Jesuit Convent
- Chiesa Collegiata di Santo Stefano
- The Rocca Gonzaga ("Gonzaga Castle"). This was built by Feltrino Gonzaga starting from 1350, most likely over a pre-existing fortifications from Lombard times.
- The Casino di Sotto and Casino di Sopra, summer residences of the Gonzagas. The Gonzaga Museum houses a rare 16th century vases collection.
- The main square (Piazza Unità d'Italia) with the Church of St. Stephen, important work by Lelio Orsi.
In addition to this, Novellara is also home to the second largest Gurdwara in Europe. This reflects the presence of a very large Sikh community, living in Novellara and nearby places, where they work mainly in cattle farms and dairies.
As in other towns of the region, (e.g. Bologna), streets are lined with characteristic arcades, intended to offer shade in summer and shelter from rain or snow.
- Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, duches of Modena, Reggio, Massa and Carrara, was born here in 1725.
- Augusto Daolio, singer and founder of the Nomadi band.
- Vittorio Marchi, (1851-1908), histologist
- Lelio Orsi, 16th century painter
- Luciano Pigozzi, film actor
- Giaches de Wert, composer of the Renaissance, lived and raised his family here from about 1550 to 1565.
- Population data from Istat