Novolaksky District

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Novolaksky District
Новолакский район (Russian)
ЦӀуссалакрал район (Lak)
Аух кIошт (Chechen)
Dagestan Novolakskiy district.png
Location of Novolaksky District in the Republic of Dagestan
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Dagestan[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2006)
Administrative center selo of Novolakskoye[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
selsoviet 3
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Rural localities 15
Municipal structure (as of March 2012)
Municipally incorporated as Novolaksky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 12
Statistics
Area 218.2 km2 (84.2 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 28,556 inhabitants[3]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 130.87 /km2 (339.0 /sq mi)[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Official website

Novolaksky District (Russian: Новола́кский райо́н; Lak: ЦӀуссалакрал район; Chechen: Аух кIошт) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the forty-one in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders with Khasavyurtovsky District in the northeast, Kazbekovsky District in the southeast, and with the Chechen Republic in the west. The area of the district is 218.2 square kilometers (84.2 sq mi).[citation needed] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Novolakskoye.[1] Population: 28,556 (2010 Census);[3] 22,019 (2002 Census);[6] 13,381 (1989 Census).[7] The population of Novolakskoye accounts for 20.8% of the district's total population.[3]

History[edit]

The area was historically part of Akkia, the homeland of the Akki Chechens (one of the nine Chechen tukkhums). It was a part of the Chechen ASSR under the Soviet Union until 1944, when it was known as Aukhovsky District and included the current territory of Novolaksky District along with parts of Kazbekovsky and Khasavyurtovsky Districts. In 1944, when the Chechens were deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan, Aukhovsky District was split, and Avars, Laks, Russians, and Kumyks were moved in to replace the deported Chechen population. Novolaksky District was resettled mainly by Laks (hence the name "Novolaksky"; literally "New Lak District"), but some Russians and Avars were settled there too. The mainly Chechen toponyms were replaced with Russian, Avar and Lak ones.

When the Chechens began returning in 1957, conflicts erupted, as they found others literally living in their houses. However, thankfully, the two sides came to an understanding. Neither Laks nor Chechens had much hatred for the other side, and both blamed Moscow for the conflict rather than the other ethnic group. Chechens understood that Laks had been forced against their will to move there, and did not want to be homeless; Laks understood that Akkia was the Chechens' historical home and they had nowhere else to go. The conflict is being solved currently by the government of Dagestan with the help of local governments. Laks are being resettled, village by village, to the marsh north of Makhachkala, and Chechen names and the Chechen ownership have been restored to many villages. The process, however, is not complete, and there is still room for pitfalls in the negotiation process. Furthermore, there is still the problem of the Avar-settled former Chechen villages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #16
  2. ^ a b c Law #6
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №16 от 10 апреля 2002 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №106 от 30 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №81, 12 апреля 2002 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #106 of December 30, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №6 от 13 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №60 от 5 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 9 Закона Республики Дагестан "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №8, 15 февраля 2005 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #60 of October 5, 2012 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Dagestan "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Coordinates: 43°07′N 46°29′E / 43.117°N 46.483°E / 43.117; 46.483