Novorossiysk Governorate

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New Russia Governorate
Novorossiysk Governorate
Governorate of Russian Empire

 

 

1764–1783
Location of New Russia
Capital St Elizabeth Fort (1764)
Kremenchug (1765-1776)
Yekaterinoslav I (Novorossiysk) (1776-1783)
History
 -  Established March 22 1764
 -  First disestablishment 1783
 -  Reestablished December 1796
 -  Disestablished 1783
Political subdivisions provinces, uyezds
Map of the Ukrainian Line
Zaporizhia Sich in 1760 with territories colonized by foreigners

New Russia Governorate or Novorossiysk Governorate (Russian: Новоросси́йская губе́рния; translit.: Novorossiyskaya guberniya) was a governorate of the Russian Empire at Ukrainian territories that existing from 1764 until 1783. Most of its territories belonged to Zaporizhian Sich and Poltava Regiment of Cossack Hetmanate. The preparation was strategically successful and advantageous for Russians and upon the conclusion of the war it gave a way to access the Black Sea and establishing an area that became to be known as New Russia. It was created based on the Military Frontier of Austrian Empire against the Ottoman Empire and involved many military units from the region that were resettled in Ukraine. The military units included mounted cossacks (or hussars) and mounted pikers (or lancers).

In 1796 to 1802 the governorate was reestablished as a direct predecessor of the Yekaterinoslav Governorate.

History[edit]

It was created on 2 April [O.S. 22 March] 1764 as a military district for the protection of the southern border of the empire and in preparation to the major military campaign of Russo-Turkish War. The governorate united the territories of New Serbia and New Sloboda (today in Kirovohrad Oblast) which were the northern regions Buhohard Palatinate (Zaporizhian Sich). The governorate, centered in the fortress of Saint Elizabeth, initially was divided into three territories (polki) assigned to each regiment in the area: Elizabeth City Pikers Regiment, Black Hussars Regiment, and Yellow Hussars Regiment.

On 22 June [O.S. 11 June] 1764 the governorate also included the so-called Ukrainian Line (Ukrainian Defense Line, a line of Russian built forts between Dnieper and Donets) that was administrated by Dnieper and Donets Pikers regiments (based on the Habsburg's Pandurs and cossacks of Poltava and Myrhorod regiments), Slavo-Serbia with Luhansk Pikers Regiment, Raiko Preradovic and Ivan Sevic Hussars regiments (soon the later two were united into the Bakhmut Hussars Regiment) as well as the Samara Hussar Regiment (originally Moldavian Hussars Regiment based in Kiev).

The capital of the governorate at first was the city of Kremenchug with the fortress of Saint Elizabeth (today Kirovohrad) being the main headquarters of local garrison.

Pikers unrest[edit]

In 1769-70 during the 1768-74 Russian-Ottoman War there was an uprising among Dnieper and Donets Pikers regiments.[1] The unrest started on territory of today Poltava Oblast and eventually spread across lands of the Zaporizhian Host.[1] It was mercilessly extinguished by the Russian Imperial forces and its instigators were punished by knout or sent to katorga.[1] Donets Pikers Regiment eventually was forcefully sent to the war where it played a key role in forcing Syvash, taken of Perekop, Caffa (Feodosiya).[1]

Destruction of Zaporizhian Sich[edit]

In June of 1775 the Russian Imperial Army razed the capital of Zaporizhian Sich, after which all its lands were transferred to the Novorossiysk Governorate. Yet next year Bakhmut and Catherine provinces were transferred to the newly established Azov Governorate.

Second creation[edit]

In December 1796, Paul I reestablished the Novorossiysk Governorate, mostly with land from the former Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty. In 1802, this province was divided into the Nikolayev Governorate (known as the Kherson Governorate from 1803), Yekaterinoslav Governorate, and the Taurida Governorate.

Subdivisions[edit]

  • Bakhmut Province (1764-1775) transferred to the Azov Governorate
  • Kremenchug Province
  • Yekaterine Province
  • Yelizaveta Province

Governors[edit]

General Governors[edit]

Viceroys (namestnik)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 1769-70 Pikers Uprising. Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia.

External links[edit]