Novorzhevsky District

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Novorzhevsky District
Новоржевский район (Russian)
Location of Novorzhevsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Novorzhevsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°02′N 29°20′E / 57.033°N 29.333°E / 57.033; 29.333Coordinates: 57°02′N 29°20′E / 57.033°N 29.333°E / 57.033; 29.333
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center town of Novorzhev[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 437
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Novorzhevsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 8
Statistics
Area 1,683 km2 (650 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 9,334 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 39.6%
- Rural 60.4%
Density 5.55/km2 (14.4/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Novorzhevsky District on WikiCommons

Novorzhevsky District (Russian: Новорже́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Porkhovsky District in the north, Dedovichsky District in the northeast, Bezhanitsky District in the east, Opochetsky District in the south, Pushkinogorsky District in the west, and with Ostrovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,683 square kilometers (650 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Novorzhev.[2] Population: 9,334 (2010 Census);[4] 12,217 (2002 Census);[7] 15,477 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Novorzhev accounts for 39.6% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The district lies in the basin of the Velikaya River and thus of the Narva River. The rivers in the northern and the central parts of the district drain into the Sorot River, a right tributary of the Velikaya, and into its main tributary, the Lsta River. Some areas in the south of the district belong to the basin of the Shest River, and some areas in the northern part belong to the basin of the Cheryokha River; the Shest and the Cheryokha are two other right tributaries of the Velikaya. There are over a hundred lakes in the district.[9]

The north and the south of the district are hilly; the middle part, which includes the valley of the Sorot, is flat, with many lakes and swamps. Mount Stepulikha, with the height of 328 meters (1,076 ft), is located in the south of the district and is the highest point of Pskov Oblast. [9]

History[edit]

In the medieval times, the area belonged to the Novgorod Republic and was known as Rzheva Pustaya. In the end of the 15th century, together with Novgorod, it was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). Rzheva Pustaya and Zavolochye are mentioned among towns the governorate consisted of. In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. In 1777, Novorzhev was founded and became a town and the seat of Novorzhevsky Uyezd of Pskov Viceroyalty. In 1796, when the viceroyalty was abolished, the uyezd was abolished as well; however, it was re-established in 1802.[10]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Novorzhevsky District was established, with the administrative center in the town of Novorzhev. It included parts of former Novorzhevsky Uyezd. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 of the same year, Novorzhevsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 11, 1937, the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On February 5, 1941, the okrug was abolished. Between July 1941 and February 1944, Novorzhevsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[11]

On August 1, 1927, Vyborsky District was also established, with the administrative center in the village of Vybor. It included parts of former Ostrovsky Uyezd. The district was a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On January 1, 1932, Vyborsky District was abolished and split between Slavkovsky and Novorzhevsky Districts.[11]

Another district established on August 1, 1927 was Kudeversky District with the administrative center in the selo of Kudever. It included parts of former Novorzhevsky Uyezd. The district was a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Kudeversky District was abolished and merged into Novorzhevsky District. On March 5, 1935, it was re-established as a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast; on May 11, 1937, it was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished and Kudeversky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast. On January 14, 1958, Kudeversky District was abolished and split between Bezhanitsky, Novorzhevsky, Opochetsky, and Pustoshkinsky Districts.[11]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There is a factory producing electric equipment and a textile factory in Novorzhev.[12]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of the agriculture in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, and crops and flax growing.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Novorzhev is connected by roads with Ostrov, Opochka, Pushkinskiye Gory, and Bezhanitsy. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains six cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally forty-nine objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[14] The federally protected monuments are the Intercession Church in the village of Baruta, the Transfiguration Church in the village of Vekhno, the Kazan Church in the village of Posadnikovo, the Baruzdin Estate in the village of Ladino, as well as two archeological sites.

The only state museum of the district is the Novorzhev History Museum, located in Novorzhev.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Географическая характеристика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  10. ^ История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  12. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  13. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  15. ^ Музей истории Новоржевского края (in Russian). Псковский государственный объединенный историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).