Nowe

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For other places with the same name, see Nowe (disambiguation).
Nowe
Roman Catholic church
Roman Catholic church
Coat of arms of Nowe
Coat of arms
Nowe is located in Poland
Nowe
Nowe
Coordinates: 53°38′58″N 18°43′32″E / 53.64944°N 18.72556°E / 53.64944; 18.72556
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Świecie
Gmina Gmina Nowe
Area
 • Total 3.57 km2 (1.38 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 6,252
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Postal code 86-170

Nowe [ˈnɔvɛ] (German: Neuenburg in Westpreußen) is a town in Świecie County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 6,270 inhabitants (2004).

Geographical location[edit]

Nowe is located approximately 75 kilometers north-east of Bydgoszcz and 80 kilometers south of Gdańsk in an elevated position on the river Vistula.

House at the market place
Main wing of the fortress of the Teutonic Knights, accommodates today (2010) the town library.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1185 by Sobieslaw I, Duke of Pomerania.[1] In the year 1266 the settlement is mentioned as a fortess place.[citation needed] In 1282 the Franciscan monks settled down here.[citation needed] In 1301 Nowe came into possession of Peter Swienca.[citation needed]

In 1465 the Teutonic Knights, during the Thirteen Years' War between the Order and the Kingdom of Poland, lost the town as their last stronghold on the west bank of river Vistula. The region became part of Poland. In 1772, after the Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia.

Up to the end of World War I Neuenburg belonged to Kreis Schwetz in the administrative district of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in the Province of West Prussia of the German Reich. In 1920, after World War I the town became part of the Second Republic of Poland. After the German Invasion of Poland it was incorporated into the Third Reich, from 1939 to 1945. Short before the end of World War II, it was captured by the Red Army. After the end of war, the town became part of Poland again.

Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

Year Number
1773 1,079
1780 1,330
1831 2,430
1875 4,712
1880 4,947
1890 4,803
1905 5,142
1921 approx. 4,000
1943 5,233
2006 6,252

Note that the above table is based on primary, possibly biased or inaccurate, sources.[1][2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Volständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Part II: Topographie von West-Preußen. Marienwerder 1789, p. 65, paragraph 3.
  2. ^ Der Große Brockhaus, 15th edition, Vol. 13, Leipzig 1932, p. 295.
  3. ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Schwetz (2006).
  4. ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde, Königsberg 1835, pp. 386–387.

Coordinates: 53°39′N 18°44′E / 53.650°N 18.733°E / 53.650; 18.733