Nowe Miasto Lubawskie

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Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coat of arms
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located in Poland
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coordinates: 53°25′N 19°35′E / 53.417°N 19.583°E / 53.417; 19.583
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Nowe Miasto
Gmina Nowe Miasto Lubawskie (urban gmina)
Established 1325
Town rights 1325
Government
 • Mayor Józef Blank
Area
 • Total 11.61 km2 (4.48 sq mi)
Elevation 82 m (269 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 11,036
 • Density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 13-300
Area code(s) +48 56
Car plates NNM
Website www.umnowemiasto.pl

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie [ˈnɔvɛ ˈmʲastɔ luˈbafskʲɛ] (German: About this sound Neumark in Westpreußen ) is a town in Poland, situated at river Drwęca. The population is 11,104 (2004). Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) and was assigned to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in 1999.

Geographical location[edit]

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located on the r.h.s of the upper course of river Drwęca in Gdańsk Pomerania, on a high ground in the valley of the Drwęca, about 15 kilometers south-west of the town of Lubawa, 70 kilometers south-west of the town of Olsztyn and 115 kilometers south-east of the regional center of Gdańsk.

Saint Thomas Basilica (Catholic)
Protestant church (1824)
Medieval town gate

History[edit]

The town's official webpage connects its early history with settlement by early Slavic peoples, and later settlement by Old Prussians who were conquered by Polish ruler Bolesław Krzywousty.[1] In 1310 the Teutonic Order acquired the region of Gdańsk Pomerania and Otto von Luttenberg, Komtur of Culm, founded the settlement in 1325.[citation needed] It was known under the names Nuwenmarkt, Novum Forum and Nowy Targ.[1] Between 1334–43 it was the seat of a Vogt of the Teutonic Order.[citation needed] It adopted Kulm law in 1353. In Polish–Teutonic War of 1410 the town briefly became part of Poland due to result of local fighting, and remained so until the 1411 Peace Treaty. In 1454, the city joined the Prussian Confederation, an association of cities and gentry that opposed the policies of the Order and wanted the region to become part of Poland.

After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) the town, as part of the province of Royal Prussia became part of Kingdom of Poland, where it remained until 1772. During the Reformation, in 1581 the parish church, which is almost as old as the town itself, became evangelical.[citation needed] In the 18th century the town was still surrounded by a town wall and by a rampart, and the parish church was Catholic.[2] A Protestant church was built in 1824.[citation needed]

In the First Partition of Poland in 1772 Gdańsk Pomerania was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia, and Neumark belonged now to the newly formed province of West Prussia.

At the end of the 19th century, the town was capital of Landkreis Löbau in the Prussian administrative district of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in West Prussia, where it remained until 1919. It had a Lutheran and a Catholic church, a Progymnasium, a court, a steam mill with grain trading, and (as of 1885) 2,678 inhabitants. The monastery Maria-Lonk was nearby. Around 1908 the town also had a dairy, an electric power plant, three sawmills and brickwork.[3]

Until 1920 Neumark belonged to Kreis Löbau in the administrative district of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in the German Province of West Prussia.

When after World War I the Treaty of Versailles became effective in January 1920, and the Polish Corridor was created the town was incorporated into the Second Polish Republic, close to the border with German East Prussia. The city webpage notes 19 January 1920 as the "return of the city to the motherland".[4] During the Second Polish Republic Nowe Miasto Lubawskie was the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship.

During the German Invasion of Poland in 1939 the town and the local area were occupied on 3 September. Afterwards 2,500 civilians were mass murdered in actions carried out by the SS and units made up from German minority's militia, the Selbstschutz.[1] From 26 October 1939 to 1945 Neumark belonged to Landkreis Löbau/Neumark in the province of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.

On 21 January 1945 the town was captured by the Red Army. After the war the town returned to Poland which by then had become the People's Republic of Poland.

Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

Year Number
1789 809
1831 1,188
1875 2,371
1880 2,742
1885 2,678
1890 2,723
1905 3,800
1910 4,144
1921 3,721
1943 4,884
2006 11,036

Note that the above table is based on primary, possibly biased, sources:[2][3][5][6]

Famous people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c [1] O Mieście Urząd Nowego Miasta Lubawskiego
  2. ^ a b Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Teil II, Marienwerder 1789, [2] pp. 45–46, no. 5.]
  3. ^ a b Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6th edition, Vol. 14, Leipzig and Vienna 1908, p. 565–566, no. 1).
  4. ^ [3] O Mieście Urząd Nowego Miasta Lubawskiego "Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, podobnie jak całe Prusy Królewskie, zostało zagarnięte przez państwo pruskie w wyniku traktatów rozbiorowych z 1772 roku, a powróciło do Macierzy dopiero 19 stycznia 1920 roku"
  5. ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Löbau/Neumark (2006).
  6. ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 436, no. 43.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°25′N 19°36′E / 53.417°N 19.600°E / 53.417; 19.600