Nowogard

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Nowogard
Coat of arms of Nowogard
Coat of arms
Nowogard is located in Poland
Nowogard
Nowogard
Coordinates: 53°40′N 15°7′E / 53.667°N 15.117°E / 53.667; 15.117
Country  Poland
Voivodeship West Pomeranian
County Goleniów
Gmina Nowogard
Area
 • Total 12.46 km2 (4.81 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 16,745
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Postal code 72–200
Website http://nowogard.pl

Nowogard ([nɔˈvɔɡart]) (German: Naugard; Kashubian: Nowògard) is a town in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship Province of northwestern Poland. As of 2004 it had a population of 16,733.

Name[edit]

Nowogard comes from "Nowo" and "Gard" which means a "new fortified settlement" in an pomeranian[clarification needed] variation of the Polish language.[1]

Location[edit]

Nowogard has been situated in Goleniow County of West Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, but formerly in Szczecin Voivodship from 1975 to 1998. It is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Szczecin and 55 kilometres (34 mi) south of the Baltic coast

History[edit]

The city's origins go back to a fortified Slavic settlement which was the seat of the local castellan.[2] The settlement was first mentioned in 1268 as "Nogart" when Barnim I, the Duke of Pomerania granted it as a fief to the Bishopric of Cammin. The bishops erected a castle in the city.[2] In 1274, the town and its surrounding area was administered by Otto von Eberstein, but it remained in the possession of the "von Eberstein" family until 1663. In 1309, the town was given to the family due to the German municipal concerns law.

In the first half of the 14th century, fortifications were erected with an oblong market square in the center of the town. This is where the town hall and the St. Mary's Church were erected. In 1663, after the death of the last Eberstein, Naugard became property of Ernst Bogislaw von Croÿ and in 1684, property of the electors of Brandenburg.[2]

Throughout the Soviet East Pomeranian Offensive operation of World War II up to 60 percent of Naugard was destroyed.[2] On the March 5, 1945, the town was taken by the Red Army, after which it was Polish territory and the population fled or was expelled from the city[citation needed] and the city was resettled with Poles.

Sights[edit]

Nowogard's lake during winter season

The city's main tourist attraction is a large lake which extends to the center of Nowogard. Its surface covers 1.12 square kilometres (12,100,000 sq ft) with a length of 2,680 metres (8,790 ft) and a width of 620 metres (2,030 ft). Surrounding forests have mushrooms, berries and game.

Population[edit]

  • 1875: 4,765 inbabitants
  • 1880: 4,949 inbabitants
  • 1890: 4,872 inbabitants
  • 1925: 6,302 inbabitants
  • 1933: 7,356 inbabitants
  • 1939: 8,202 inbabitants[3]
  • 1960: 6,500 inbabitants
  • 1970: 8,800 inbabitants
  • 1975: 9,900 inbabitants
  • 1980: 11,300 inbabitants

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Nowogard is twinned with:

In 1963 West Germany (FRG) town of Heide took over a partnership for the expelled populace of Naugard. In 1996 this led to the signing of a contract of partnership between Heide and Nowogard in which the former populace is regarded "constitutive partners".[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maria Malec Słownik etymologiczny nazw geograficznych Polski, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe 2002 "Nazwa Nowogard stoi w opozycji do nazwy Starogard. Forma -gard w drugim członie jest pomorskim odpowiednikiem polskiego grod 'gród'"
  2. ^ a b c d nowogard.pl (Polish)
  3. ^ verwaltungsgeschichte.de (German)
  4. ^ heide.de (German)

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 53°39′N 15°07′E / 53.650°N 15.117°E / 53.650; 15.117