Nowy Targ

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Not to be confused with Nowy Targ, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Nowy Targ
Center of Nowy Targ
Center of Nowy Targ
Coat of arms of Nowy Targ
Coat of arms
Nowy Targ is located in Poland
Nowy Targ
Nowy Targ
Coordinates: 49°28′N 20°1′E / 49.467°N 20.017°E / 49.467; 20.017
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
County Nowy Targ County
Gmina Nowy Targ (urban gmina)
Established 13th century
Town rights 1346
Government
 • Mayor Marek Stanisław Fryźlewicz
Area
 • Total 51.07 km2 (19.72 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,138 m (3,734 ft)
Lowest elevation 585 m (1,919 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 33,493
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34-400 to 34-403
Area code(s) +48 182
Car plates KNT
Website http://www.nowytarg.pl

Nowy Targ [ˈnɔvɨ ˈtark] (Latin: Novum Forum, Slovak: Nový Targ, German: Neumarkt) is a town in southern Poland with 34,000 inhabitants (2006). It is the historical capital of the Podhale region. The town is situated in a valley beneath the Gorce Mountains featuring Gorce National Park established in 1981, at the confluence of rivers Biały and Czarny Dunajec. Administratively, it is in Nowy Targ County in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It was previously in Nowy Sącz Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Timeline of town history[edit]

  • 1308 - Cistercians receive a land grant to form new settlements in the mountain region. A border settlement called Stare Cło (German: Altzoll, English: Old Customs Post) is founded soon thereafter.[1]
  • 1346 - Nowy Targ founded by King Casimir the Great, based on the Stare Cło settlement, and granted significant internal autonomy based on Magdeburg law.[2]
  • 1487 - King Casimir IV Jagiellon grants the rights to two annual festivals, and a weekly market fair on Thursdays. (The weekly open-air market continues to this day, now on Thursday and Saturday mornings.)
  • 1533 - Nowy Targ obtains a statute requiring merchants to pass through the city when crossing the border.
  • 1601 - Great fire destroys the parochial church and city records.
  • 1656 - Swedish troops sack the town during the Deluge.
  • 1710 - Another fire consumes 41 houses and the church.
  • 1770 - Nowy Targ annexed by Austria (see: Partitions of Poland).
  • 1886 - City Hall opens.
  • 1914 - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is arrested as a possible spy in southern Poland by Austrian authorities; he is jailed in Nowy Targ for approximately 12 days.
  • 1918 - The region rejoins the restored Poland after World War I.
  • 1933 - Polish president Ignacy Mościcki visits.
  • 1939 - German forces invade on 1 September, at approx. 16:30.
  • 1941 - Resistance movement called the Tatra Confederation formed in Nowy Targ.
  • 1942 - Jewish ghetto liquidated by Germans on 30 August.
  • 1945 - The Red Army forces out German occupants on 29 January.
  • 1966 - Born Wojciech Wiercioch, Polish writer.
  • 1979 - Pope John Paul II visits Nowy Targ on 8 June, during his first pilgrimage to Poland.

Geography[edit]

Nowy Targ is located in the heart of Polish highlands at the altitude of 585–850 m above sea level (AMSL); latitude 49°28' N, longitude 20°01' E. Distance to the main urban agglomerations in Poland is: Warsaw – 376 km (234 mi), Łódź – 348 km (216 mi), Kraków – 84 km (52 mi), Gdańsk – 690 km (429 mi), Wrocław – 346 km (215 mi), Katowice – 157 km (98 mi), Kielce – 200 km (124 mi), Rzeszów – 214 km (133 mi), Szczecin – 727 km (452 mi), Białystok - 574 km (357 mi), Poznań – 475 km (295 mi), Częstochowa – 226 km (140 mi), Słupsk – 759 km (472 mi).

Climate[edit]

Due to its altitude, Nowy Targ is one of the coldest cities in Poland together with Suwałki and Zakopane. Winter usually lasts from late November to early April and between 90 and 110 days a year there is a snow cover. Air frost has been measured in every month of the year except for July. Summers are mild with occasional thunderstorms and high temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. Hot days (over 30 °C (86 °F)) are rare, only occurring twice annually on average. Precipitation is heavy for Polish standards, varying between 800 millimetres at the airport and 1100 millimetres in the higher parts of Kowaniec, and the growing season lasts between on average 160 days on Bukowina Miejska to a little over 190 days in the lower parts of the city. Nowy Targ is in the AHS Heat Zones 1-2 and USDA Hardiness Zone 4a to 5a, depending on the location.

Climate data for Nowy Targ - Kowaniec, Poland (640 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
17.3
(63.1)
20.8
(69.4)
26.5
(79.7)
30.1
(86.2)
32.8
(91)
33.3
(91.9)
34.0
(93.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.7
(78.3)
22.3
(72.1)
14.2
(57.6)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.9
(40.8)
11.8
(53.2)
17.1
(62.8)
20.1
(68.2)
21.6
(70.9)
20.8
(69.4)
18.0
(64.4)
11.6
(52.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.4
(50.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.4
(41.7)
11.3
(52.3)
13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.7)
14.3
(57.7)
10.7
(51.3)
5.6
(42.1)
0.0
(32)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.1
(41.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−8.7
(16.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.5
(41.9)
7.8
(46)
9.0
(48.2)
7.9
(46.2)
4.1
(39.4)
0.2
(32.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
Record low °C (°F) −37.4
(−35.3)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−13.5
(7.7)
−6.1
(21)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.2
(28)
−5.8
(21.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−28.9
(−20)
−37.4
(−35.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.36)
53
(2.09)
53
(2.09)
68
(2.68)
91
(3.58)
119
(4.69)
144
(5.67)
120
(4.72)
80
(3.15)
62
(2.44)
55
(2.17)
55
(2.17)
960
(37.8)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 60 81 112 159 201 188 184 193 134 115 73 55 1,555
Source: IMGW

Culture[edit]

  • City Cultural Center (Miejski Ośrodek Kultury)
  • Youth Cultural Center (Młodzieżowy Dom Kultury)
  • The Jatka Gallery (Galeria Jatki)

Museums[edit]

  • Museum of Podhale (Muzeum Podhalańskie PTTK)

Cinemas[edit]

Architecture[edit]

St. Anna Church[edit]

St. Anna Church

Wooden church overseeing the city cemetery. Its origins date to the 15th century, although local legends describe it as founded in 1219.

Initially built in a gothic style, it was later repaired and rebuilt featuring, among others, a baroque altar piece and paintings, a rococo pulpit, and 18th-century organ and bell tower.

St. Catherine Church[edit]

Dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria, the church was built in 1346 by King Casimir the Great. It is the oldest existing church of the Podhale region.

The church has been damaged by numerous fires and military attacks, and subsequently rebuilt and renovated. The interior retains its baroque character, especially in the altar and side chapels, although numerous pieces are replicas of wooden originals lost to fire. A painting of St. Catherine from 1892 dominates the main altar.

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]

Floorball[edit]

The Conservation of Nature[edit]

Nature reserves[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Nowy Targ is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Mieczysław Adamczyk, et al. Dzieje Miasta Nowego Targu (History of the City of Nowy Targ), p.35, Podhalańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk: 1991.
  2. ^ Mieczysław Adamczyk, et al., op. cit. Quoted after: J. Rafacz, Dzieje i ustrój Podhala Nowotarskiego za czasów dawnej Rzeczypospolitej,, p. 161, Warszawa: 1931.
  3. ^ "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°30′N 20°02′E / 49.500°N 20.033°E / 49.500; 20.033