Nu Hydrae

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Nu Hydrae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Hydra constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of ν Hydra (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Hydra
Right ascension 10h 49m 37.48875s[1]
Declination –16° 11′ 37.1360″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.115[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type K0/K1 III[3]
U−B color index +1.305[2]
B−V color index +1.239[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –1.2[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +93.35[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +198.88[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 22.69 ± 0.23[1] mas
Distance 144 ± 1 ly
(44.1 ± 0.4 pc)
Details
Mass 2.0[5] M
Radius 21[6] R
Luminosity 151[6] L
Surface gravity (log g) 2.3[6] cgs
Temperature 4,335[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.30[6] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 5.3[6] km/s
Other designations
43 Hydrae, HD 93813, HR 4232, SAO 156256, FK5 410, BD-15 3138, HIP 52943.[7]

Nu Hydrae (ν Hya, ν Hydrae) is a star in the constellation Hydra, near the border with the neighboring constellation of Crater. It has an apparent visual magnitude of 3.115,[2] which is bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. Based upon parallax measurements, this star is located at a distance of about 144 light-years (44 parsecs) from the Earth.[1]

The spectrum of this star matches a stellar classification of K0/K1 III,[3] where the luminosity class of 'III' indicates this is a giant star that has exhausted the supply of hydrogen at its core and evolved away from the main sequence. The radius of this star has expanded to 21 times the Sun's radius[6] with an emission of about 151 times the luminosity of the Sun.[6] This expanded outer envelope has an effective temperature of about 4,335 K,[6] giving it the characteristic orange hue of a K-type star.[8]

Nu Hydrae is an X-ray emitter with an estimated luminosity of 6.6 × 1028 erg s–1 in the X-ray band.[5] The abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium, what astronomers term the star's metallicity,[6] is about half that in the Sun.[9] It has a relatively high proper motion across the celestial sphere,[7] suggesting that it has a peculiar velocity roughly three times higher than its neighbors.[10]

Nu Hydrae was a latter designation of 4 Crateris.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction, Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b c d Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina et al. (1966), A System of photometric standards 1, Publicaciones Universidad de Chile, Department de Astronomy, pp. 1–17, Bibcode:1966PDAUC...1....1G 
  3. ^ a b di Benedetto, G. P. (November 1998), Towards a fundamental calibration of stellar parameters of A, F, G, K dwarfs and giants, Astronomy and Astrophysics 339: 858–871, Bibcode:1998A&A...339..858D 
  4. ^ Wielen, R. et al. (1999), Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions (35), Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W 
  5. ^ a b Gondoin, P. (December 1999), Evolution of X-ray activity and rotation on G-K giants, Astronomy and Astrophysics 352: 217–227, Bibcode:1999A&A...352..217G 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Massarotti, Alessandro et al. (January 2008). "Rotational and Radial Velocities for a Sample of 761 HIPPARCOS Giants and the Role of Binarity". The Astronomical Journal 135 (1): 209–231. Bibcode:2008AJ....135..209M. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/135/1/209. 
  7. ^ a b LTT 3973 -- High proper-motion Star, SIMBAD (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2012-01-13 
  8. ^ The Colour of Stars, Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16 
  9. ^ The actual abundance of metals relative to the abundance in the Sun can be derived by taking the metallicity estimate to the power of ten, thus:
    10[Fe/H] = 10–0.30 = 0.50
  10. ^ Kaler, James B., Nu Hydrae, Stars (University of Illinois), retrieved 2102-01-13  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ Wagman, M. (August 1987). "Flamsteed's Missing Stars". Journal for the History of Astronomy, Vol.18, NO. 3/AUG, P.209, 1987 18: 215. Bibcode:1987JHA....18..209W.