Nuclear energy in Turkey

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Turkey presently has no nuclear power plants, however two are scheduled to come online by 2023. [1] In addition to these, the government has announced intentions for three further nuclear power plants with four reactors each, as part of 100 GWe required by 2030. [2]

Regulation and policy[edit]

In 2007 a bill concerning construction and operation of nuclear power plants and the sale of their electricity was passed by parliament. It also addresses waste management and decommissioning, providing for a National Radioactive Waste Account and a Decommissioning Account, which generators will pay into progressively.[3]

Nuclear power station.svg

The IAEA has recommended "enacting a law on nuclear energy which establishes an independent regulatory body and putting a national policy in place that covers a wide range of issues, as well as further developing the required human resources". [4]

Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant[edit]

In May 2010, Russia and Turkey signed an agreement that a subsidiary of Rosatom would build, own, and operate a power plant at Akkuyu comprising four 1,200 MWe VVER units. The first reactor is expected to enter service in 2018.[5] In February 2013, Russian nuclear construction company Atomstroyexport (ASE) and Turkish construction company Özdoğu have signed the site preparation contract for the proposed Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant. The contract includes excavation work at the site.[6]

It will be the first Build Own Operate nuclear power plant. [7]

Sinop Nuclear Power Plant[edit]

On 3 May 2013, Prime minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe, signed a deal over US$22 billion for the construction of Sinop Nuclear Power Plant that will be carried out by a joint venture consortium of Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and French Areva.[8]

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Itochu, having top-level safety knowledge and experience against earthquakes, will build the power plant, which will have a capacity of around 4,800 MWe by four pressurized water reactors (PWR). The nuclear plant will be operated by the French electric utility company GDF Suez. According to a goodwill agreement, the Turkish Electricity Generation Corporation (EÜAŞ) will have 20-45% shares in the nuclear plant.[8]

It is projected that the nuclear plant's first unit will be active by 2023, and the last unit enter service by 2028.[8]

Third site[edit]

Turkish Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, Taner Yıldız announced that the government is working on the plans of the third nuclear plant, which is projected to be built after 2023 under the management of Turkish engineers.[8]

Reactor evaluation history[edit]

Turkey has repeatedly shown interest in the CANDU reactor, but currently plans to build reactors of a different type.[9]

Opposition[edit]

There have been anti-nuclear protests in the past, e.g. in April 2006 plans to build a nuclear reactor on the Ince peninsula caused a large anti-nuclear demonstration in the Turkish city of Sinop.[10] Despite opposition, Turkey aims to have five nuclear power plants by 2030.[9] Greenpeace has concerned over earthquakes and the ability of the authorities to protect the public, have opposed these proposals.[11] However, nuclear reactors are designed to deal with earthquakes.

See also[edit]

Turkish Atomic Energy Authority

References[edit]

External links[edit]