Nuclear power by country
Nuclear power stations operate in 31 countries. China has 32 new reactors under construction, and there are also a considerable number of new reactors being built in South Korea, India, and Russia. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10-15 years". So the expanding nuclear programs in Asia are balanced by retirements of aging plants and nuclear reactor phase-outs.
In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream. As of June 2011, Germany and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power which will be replaced mostly by fossil fuels, and a smaller part renewable energy.
As of 2012, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, and Portugal remain opposed to nuclear power. Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.
Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving "serious consideration" to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront. China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 80 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050. South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030. India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.
|Nuclear share of
electricity production, 2011
List of nuclear reactors by country
Only the commercial reactors registered with the International Atomic Energy Agency are listed below.
|References and notes|
|Bulgaria||2||0||Four reactors were shut down in 2004 and 2007. Belene Nuclear Power Plant construction was officially terminated in March 2012.|
|Canada||19||0||2 new reactors at Darlington planned|
|China||17||32||80 GWe by 2020(~6%)|
|Finland||4||1||As of 2012, TVO is planning a new reactor to be built and operational by 2020.|
|France||58||1||First French EPR under construction at Flamanville|
|Germany||9||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Iran||1||0||The first reactor of Bushehr Plant has power generation capacity of 915 MW|
|Japan||2 (50)*||0 (2)*||After Fukushima, Japan shut down all of its 54 nuclear reactors, but has since restarted two reactors Further restarts are planned, with the reactors with the best seismic ratings to be restarted first.|
|Switzerland||5||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Ukraine||15||2||2 new reactors by 2018|
- List of nuclear reactors
- Nuclear energy policy by country
- Nuclear power accidents by country
- Uranium reserves
- World Nuclear Industry Status Report
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- World Nuclear Statistics
- Countries with nuclear power
- 2006 statistics in Neutron Physics by Paul Reuss