Nuclear power by country
Nuclear power stations operate in 31 countries. China has 28 new reactors under construction, and there are also a considerable number of new reactors being built in South Korea, India, and Russia. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10-15 years". So the expanding nuclear programs in Asia are balanced by retirements of aging plants and nuclear reactor phase-outs.
In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream. As of June 2011, Germany and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power which will be replaced mostly by fossil fuels, and a smaller part renewable energy.
As of 2012, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, and Portugal remain opposed to nuclear power. Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.
Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving "serious consideration" to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront. China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 80 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050. South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030. India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.
|Nuclear share of
electricity production, 2013
List of nuclear reactors by country
Only the commercial reactors registered with the International Atomic Energy Agency are listed below.
|References and notes|
|Bulgaria||2||0||Four reactors were shut down in 2004 and 2007. Belene Nuclear Power Plant construction was officially terminated in March 2012.|
|Canada||19||0||2 new reactors at Darlington planned|
|China||21||28||80 GWe by 2020(~6%)|
|Finland||4||1||As of 2012, TVO is planning a new reactor to be built and operational by 2020.|
|France||58||1||First French EPR under construction at Flamanville|
|Germany||9||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Hungary||4||2||Paks2 [2*1200MW] signed with Rosatom in 2014.|
|Poland||0||4||PGE EJ1 project for 3-6000 MW|
|Iran||1||0||The first reactor of Bushehr Plant has power generation capacity of 915 MW|
|Japan||48||2||After Fukushima, Japan shut down all of its 54 nuclear reactors, but has since restarted 48 reactors.|
|Pakistan||3||4||Pakistan plans on constructing 32 nuclear power plants by 2050.|
|Romania||2||0||20 January 2011, GDF Suez, Iberdrola and RWE pulled out of the project.|
|Russia||33||10||9 new reactors by 2017|
|Switzerland||5||0||Phase-out in place.|
|Ukraine||15||2||2 new reactors by 2018|
|United Arab Emirates||0||4|
- List of nuclear reactors
- Nuclear energy policy by country
- Nuclear power accidents by country
- Uranium reserves
- World Nuclear Industry Status Report
- "World Nuclear Power Reactors & Uranium Requirements". World Nuclear Association. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- Annika Breidthardt (30 May 2011). "German government wants nuclear exit by 2022 at latest". Reuters.
- "China Nuclear Power - Chinese Nuclear Energy".
- Michael Dittmar. Taking stock of nuclear renaissance that never was Sydney Morning Herald, August 18, 2010.
- Mark Diesendorf (2013). "Book review: Contesting the future of nuclear power". Energy Policy.
- Duroyan Fertl (5 June 2011). "Germany: Nuclear power to be phased out by 2022". Green Left.
- James Kanter (25 May 2011). "Switzerland Decides on Nuclear Phase-Out". New York Times.
- "Nuclear power: When the steam clears". The Economist. 24 March 2011.
- WNA (20 June 2013). "Nuclear power down in 2012". World Nuclear News.
- "The Nuclear Renaissance".
- "Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries". World Nuclear Association. April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "China Nuclear Power". World Nuclear Association. April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "Nuclear Power in South Korea". World Nuclear Association. February 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "Nuclear Power in India". World Nuclear Association. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "Operational & Long-Term Shutdown Reactors". IAEA. 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "Nuclear Share of Electricity Generation in 2013". IAEA. 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "USA supports new nuclear build in Armenia". World Nuclear News. 2007-11-23. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Agência Estado (12-09-2008). "Lobão diz que país fará uma usina nuclear por ano em 50 anos" (in Portuguese). G1.globo.com. Retrieved 2008-10-15. Check date values in:
- Bulgaria quits Belene Nuclear Power Plant project, Novinite, 28 March 2012
- "Nuclear Power in China". World Nuclear Association. September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
- "Kolme uutta reaktoria, Jees!". Tekniikka ja talous. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
- "Nuclear Power in Poland".
- F_405. "Iran's Bushehr nuke power plant at full capacity from May 23: Russian contractor - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- Gerhardt, Tina (22 July 2012). "Japan's People Say NO to Nuclear Energy". Alternet.
- "32 nuclear plants to produce 40,000MW: PAEC". The News International, Pakistan. 27 February 2014.
- "Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant".
- "Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant".
- "S.Africa wants nuclear contracts to stay at home". Reuters. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- "South Africa's nightmare nuclear bill | In The Paper | Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- Nuclear power in Spain, World Nuclear Association, URL accessed 13 June 2006
- Associated Press (28 September 2011). "Swiss Nuclear Power Plan Moves Toward Phase-Out Of Reactors". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- "BBC NEWS | Politics | New nuclear plants get go-ahead". News.bbc.co.uk. Last Updated:. Retrieved 2008-10-15. Check date values in:
- "Nuclear Power in Ukraine". World Nuclear Association. August 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.