Nuclear power by country

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The Cattenom Nuclear Power Plant in France. France produces around three quarters of its electricity by nuclear power.[1]
The Grafenrheinfeld Nuclear Power Plant in Germany. Chancellor Angela Merkel's coalition announced on 30 May 2011, that Germany’s 14 nuclear power stations will be shut down by 2022, in a policy reversal following Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.[2]

Nuclear power stations operate in 31 countries. China has 28 new reactors under construction,[3] and there are also a considerable number of new reactors being built in South Korea, India, and Russia. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10-15 years".[4] So the expanding nuclear programs in Asia are balanced by retirements of aging plants and nuclear reactor phase-outs.[5]

In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream.[4] As of June 2011, Germany and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power[6][7] which will be replaced mostly by fossil fuels, and a smaller part renewable energy.

As of 2012, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, and Portugal remain opposed to nuclear power.[6][8] Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.[9][10]

Overview[edit]

Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity.[citation needed] According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving "serious consideration" to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront.[11] China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 80 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050.[12] South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030.[13] India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.[14]

Temporal development of the usage of nuclear energy for generating electricity.
(Power capacity of all newly installed nuclear plants [continuous border] and of all destroyed or permanently shut-down nuclear plants [dotted border] – separated by year and countries. The legend gives the ISO 3166-1 codes of the countries. Source:[15])
The status of nuclear power globally:
  Operating reactors, building new reactors
  Operating reactors, planning new build
  No reactors, building new reactors
  No reactors, planning new build
  Operating reactors, stable
  Operating reactors, considering phase-out
  Civil nuclear power is illegal
  No reactors
Nations based on nuclear output as a percentage of national power output.
Nuclear power plants in Europe
Rank Country Capacity (MW)
(2014)[16]
Nuclear share of
electricity production, 2013[16]
1 United States United States 99,081 19.4%
2 France France 63,130 73.3%
3 Japan Japan 42,388 17.1%
4 Russia Russia 23,643 17.5%
5 South Korea South Korea 20,721 27.6%
6 China China 17,978 2.1%
7 Canada Canada 13,538 16.0%
8 Ukraine Ukraine 13,107 43.6%
9 Germany Germany 12,068 15.4%
10 Sweden Sweden 9,474 42.7%
11 United Kingdom United Kingdom 9,243 18.3%
12 Spain Spain 7,121 19.7%
13 Belgium Belgium 5,927 52.1%
14 India India 5,308 3.5%
15 Taiwan Taiwan 5,032 19.1%
16 Czech Republic Czech Republic 3,884 35.9%
17 Switzerland Switzerland 3,308 36.4%
18 Finland Finland 2,752 33.3%
19 Bulgaria Bulgaria 1,906 30.7%
20 Hungary Hungary 1,889 50.7%
21 Brazil Brazil 1,884 2.8%
22 South Africa South Africa 1,860 5.7%
23 Slovakia Slovakia 1,815 51.7%
24 Argentina Argentina 1,627 4.4%
25 Mexico Mexico 1,570 4.6%
26 Romania Romania 1,300 19.8%
27 Iran Iran 915 1.5%
28 Pakistan Pakistan 690 4.4%
29 Slovenia Slovenia 688 33.6%
30 Netherlands Netherlands 482 2.8%
31 Armenia Armenia 375 29.2%
World 374,704

References:[15]

List of nuclear reactors by country[edit]

Only the commercial reactors registered with the International Atomic Energy Agency are listed below.

Country Operating Under
construction
References and notes
Argentina Argentina 3 0
Armenia Armenia 1 0 Replacement[17]
Belarus Belarus 0 2
Belgium Belgium 7 0
Brazil Brazil 2 1 [18]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2 1[19] Four reactors were shut down in 2004 and 2007. Belene Nuclear Power Plant construction was officially terminated in March 2012.[19]
Canada Canada 19 0 2 new reactors at Darlington planned
China China 21 28 80 GWe by 2020(~6%)[20]
Czech Republic Czech Republic 6 0
Finland Finland 4 1 As of 2012, TVO is planning a new reactor to be built and operational by 2020.[21]
France France 58 1 First French EPR under construction at Flamanville
Germany Germany 9 0 Phase-out in place.
Hungary Hungary 4 0
India India 21 6
 Iran 1 0 The first reactor of Bushehr Plant has power generation capacity of 915 MW[22]
Japan Japan 48 2 After Fukushima, Japan shut down all of its 54 nuclear reactors, but has since restarted 48 reactors.[23]
Mexico Mexico 2 0
Netherlands Netherlands 1 0
Pakistan Pakistan 3 4 Pakistan plans on constructing 32 nuclear power plants by 2050.[24]
Romania Romania 2 2
Russia Russia 33 10 9 new reactors by 2017
Slovakia Slovakia 4 2
Slovenia Slovenia 1 0
South Africa South Africa 2 0 [25][26]
South Korea South Korea 23 4
Spain Spain 7 0 Stable[27]
Sweden Sweden 10 0
Switzerland Switzerland 5 0 Phase-out in place.[28]
Taiwan Taiwan 6 2
Ukraine Ukraine 15 2 2 new reactors by 2018[29][30]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0 4
United Kingdom United Kingdom 16 0
United States United States 100 5
World 437 72

References:[1][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Nuclear Power Reactors & Uranium Requirements". World Nuclear Association. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  2. ^ Annika Breidthardt (30 May 2011). "German government wants nuclear exit by 2022 at latest". Reuters. 
  3. ^ Nuclear Power in China
  4. ^ a b Michael Dittmar. Taking stock of nuclear renaissance that never was Sydney Morning Herald, August 18, 2010.
  5. ^ Mark Diesendorf (2013). "Book review: Contesting the future of nuclear power". Energy Policy. 
  6. ^ a b Duroyan Fertl (5 June 2011). "Germany: Nuclear power to be phased out by 2022". Green Left. 
  7. ^ James Kanter (25 May 2011). "Switzerland Decides on Nuclear Phase-Out". New York Times. 
  8. ^ "Nuclear power: When the steam clears". The Economist. 24 March 2011. 
  9. ^ WNA (20 June 2013). "Nuclear power down in 2012". World Nuclear News. 
  10. ^ The Nuclear Renaissance (by the World Nuclear Association)
  11. ^ "Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries". World Nuclear Association. April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  12. ^ "China Nuclear Power". World Nuclear Association. April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  13. ^ "Nuclear Power in South Korea". World Nuclear Association. February 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  14. ^ "Nuclear Power in India". World Nuclear Association. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  15. ^ a b c "Operational & Long-Term Shutdown Reactors". IAEA. 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  16. ^ a b "Nuclear Share of Electricity Generation in 2013". IAEA. 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  17. ^ "USA supports new nuclear build in Armenia". World Nuclear News. 2007-11-23. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  18. ^ Agência Estado (12-09-2008). "Lobão diz que país fará uma usina nuclear por ano em 50 anos" (in Portuguese). G1.globo.com. Retrieved 2008-10-15.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^ a b Bulgaria quits Belene Nuclear Power Plant project, Novinite, 28 March 2012
  20. ^ "Nuclear Power in China". World Nuclear Association. September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22. 
  21. ^ "Kolme uutta reaktoria, Jees!". Tekniikka ja talous. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  22. ^ F_405. "Iran's Bushehr nuke power plant at full capacity from May 23: Russian contractor - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  23. ^ Gerhardt, Tina (22 July 2012). "Japan's People Say NO to Nuclear Energy". Alternet. 
  24. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-3-235039-32-nuclear-plants-to-produce-40000MW-PAEC
  25. ^ "S.Africa wants nuclear contracts to stay at home". Reuters. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  26. ^ "South Africa's nightmare nuclear bill | In The Paper | Mail & Guardian". Mg.co.za. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  27. ^ Nuclear power in Spain, World Nuclear Association, URL accessed 13 June 2006
  28. ^ Associated Press (28 September 2011). "Swiss Nuclear Power Plan Moves Toward Phase-Out Of Reactors". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  29. ^ "BBC NEWS | Politics | New nuclear plants get go-ahead". News.bbc.co.uk. Last Updated:. Retrieved 2008-10-15.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  30. ^ "Nuclear Power in Ukraine". World Nuclear Association. August 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22. 

External links[edit]