Nuclear receptor co-repressor 1

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Nuclear receptor corepressor 1
Protein NCOR1 PDB 2EQR.png
Rendering based on PDB 2EQR.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols NCOR1 ; N-CoR; N-CoR1; PPP1R109; TRAC1; hN-CoR
External IDs OMIM600849 MGI1349717 HomoloGene38166 GeneCards: NCOR1 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NCOR1 200854 at tn.png
PBB GE NCOR1 200855 at tn.png
PBB GE NCOR1 200856 x at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 9611 20185
Ensembl ENSG00000141027 ENSMUSG00000018501
UniProt O75376 E0CYX5
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001190438 NM_001252313
RefSeq (protein) NP_001177367 NP_001239242
Location (UCSC) Chr 17:
15.93 – 16.12 Mb
Chr 11:
62.32 – 62.46 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

The nuclear receptor co-repressor 1 also known as thyroid-hormone- and retinoic-acid-receptor-associated co-repressor 1 (TRAC-1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCOR1 gene.[1][2]

NCOR1 is a transcriptional coregulatory protein which contains several nuclear receptor interacting domains. In addition, NCOR1 appears to recruit histone deacetylases to DNA promoter regions. Hence NCOR1 assists nuclear receptors in the down regulation of DNA expression.[1][3]

Loss of function of this protein significantly increases the strength and power of mouse muscles.[4]

Interactions[edit]

Nuclear receptor co-repressor 1 has been shown to interact with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hörlein AJ, Näär AM, Heinzel T, Torchia J, Gloss B, Kurokawa R, Ryan A, Kamei Y, Söderström M, Glass CK (October 1995). "Ligand-independent repression by the thyroid hormone receptor mediated by a nuclear receptor co-repressor". Nature 377 (6548): 397–404. doi:10.1038/377397a0. PMID 7566114. 
  2. ^ Wang J, Hoshino T, Redner RL, Kajigaya S, Liu JM (September 1998). "ETO, fusion partner in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia, represses transcription by interaction with the human N-CoR/mSin3/HDAC1 complex". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95 (18): 10860–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.18.10860. PMC 27986. PMID 9724795. 
  3. ^ Wang J, Hoshino T, Redner RL, Kajigaya S, Liu JM (1998). "ETO, fusion partner in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia, represses transcription by interaction with the human N-CoR/mSin3/HDAC1 complex". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95 (18): 10860–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.18.10860. PMC 27986. PMID 9724795. 
  4. ^ Yamamoto H, Williams EG, Mouchiroud L, Cantó C, Fan W, Downes M, Héligon C, Barish GD, Desvergne B, Evans RM, Schoonjans K, Auwerx J (2011). "NCoR1 Is a Conserved Physiological Modulator of Muscle Mass and Oxidative Function". Cell 147 (4): 827–839. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2011.10.017. 
  5. ^ Masiello D, Chen SY, Xu Y, Verhoeven MC, Choi E, Hollenberg AN, Balk SP (October 2004). "Recruitment of beta-catenin by wild-type or mutant androgen receptors correlates with ligand-stimulated growth of prostate cancer cells". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (10): 2388–401. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0436. PMID 15256534. 
  6. ^ Song LN, Coghlan M, Gelmann EP (January 2004). "Antiandrogen effects of mifepristone on coactivator and corepressor interactions with the androgen receptor". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (1): 70–85. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0189. PMID 14593076. 
  7. ^ Cheng S, Brzostek S, Lee SR, Hollenberg AN, Balk SP (July 2002). "Inhibition of the dihydrotestosterone-activated androgen receptor by nuclear receptor corepressor". Mol. Endocrinol. 16 (7): 1492–501. doi:10.1210/mend.16.7.0870. PMID 12089345. 
  8. ^ Hodgson MC, Astapova I, Cheng S, Lee LJ, Verhoeven MC, Choi E, Balk SP, Hollenberg AN (February 2005). "The androgen receptor recruits nuclear receptor CoRepressor (N-CoR) in the presence of mifepristone via its N and C termini revealing a novel molecular mechanism for androgen receptor antagonists". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (8): 6511–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.M408972200. PMID 15598662. 
  9. ^ Tai HH, Geisterfer M, Bell JC, Moniwa M, Davie JR, Boucher L, McBurney MW (August 2003). "CHD1 associates with NCoR and histone deacetylase as well as with RNA splicing proteins". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 308 (1): 170–6. doi:10.1016/s0006-291x(03)01354-8. PMID 12890497. 
  10. ^ Puccetti E, Obradovic D, Beissert T, Bianchini A, Washburn B, Chiaradonna F, Boehrer S, Hoelzer D, Ottmann OG, Pelicci PG, Nervi C, Ruthardt M (December 2002). "AML-associated translocation products block vitamin D(3)-induced differentiation by sequestering the vitamin D(3) receptor". Cancer Res. 62 (23): 7050–8. PMID 12460926. 
  11. ^ Tagami T, Lutz WH, Kumar R, Jameson JL (December 1998). "The interaction of the vitamin D receptor with nuclear receptor corepressors and coactivators". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 253 (2): 358–63. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1998.9799. PMID 9878542. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Zhang J, Kalkum M, Chait BT, Roeder RG (March 2002). "The N-CoR-HDAC3 nuclear receptor corepressor complex inhibits the JNK pathway through the integral subunit GPS2". Mol. Cell 9 (3): 611–23. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00468-9. PMID 11931768. 
  13. ^ a b c d Yoon HG, Chan DW, Reynolds AB, Qin J, Wong J (September 2003). "N-CoR mediates DNA methylation-dependent repression through a methyl CpG binding protein Kaiso". Mol. Cell 12 (3): 723–34. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2003.08.008. PMID 14527417. 
  14. ^ a b c d Yoon HG, Chan DW, Huang ZQ, Li J, Fondell JD, Qin J, Wong J (March 2003). "Purification and functional characterization of the human N-CoR complex: the roles of HDAC3, TBL1 and TBLR1". EMBO J. 22 (6): 1336–46. doi:10.1093/emboj/cdg120. PMC 151047. PMID 12628926. 
  15. ^ Stevens A, Garside H, Berry A, Waters C, White A, Ray D (May 2003). "Dissociation of steroid receptor coactivator 1 and nuclear receptor corepressor recruitment to the human glucocorticoid receptor by modification of the ligand-receptor interface: the role of tyrosine 735". Mol. Endocrinol. 17 (5): 845–59. doi:10.1210/me.2002-0320. PMID 12569182. 
  16. ^ Schulz M, Eggert M, Baniahmad A, Dostert A, Heinzel T, Renkawitz R (July 2002). "RU486-induced glucocorticoid receptor agonism is controlled by the receptor N terminus and by corepressor binding". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (29): 26238–43. doi:10.1074/jbc.M203268200. PMID 12011091. 
  17. ^ a b Fischle W, Dequiedt F, Fillion M, Hendzel MJ, Voelter W, Verdin E (September 2001). "Human HDAC7 histone deacetylase activity is associated with HDAC3 in vivo". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (38): 35826–35. doi:10.1074/jbc.M104935200. PMID 11466315. 
  18. ^ a b Li J, Wang J, Wang J, Nawaz Z, Liu JM, Qin J, Wong J (August 2000). "Both corepressor proteins SMRT and N-CoR exist in large protein complexes containing HDAC3". EMBO J. 19 (16): 4342–50. doi:10.1093/emboj/19.16.4342. PMC 302030. PMID 10944117. 
  19. ^ a b Fischle W, Dequiedt F, Hendzel MJ, Guenther MG, Lazar MA, Voelter W, Verdin E (January 2002). "Enzymatic activity associated with class II HDACs is dependent on a multiprotein complex containing HDAC3 and SMRT/N-CoR". Mol. Cell 9 (1): 45–57. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(01)00429-4. PMID 11804585. 
  20. ^ a b Underhill C, Qutob MS, Yee SP, Torchia J (December 2000). "A novel nuclear receptor corepressor complex, N-CoR, contains components of the mammalian SWI/SNF complex and the corepressor KAP-1". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (51): 40463–70. doi:10.1074/jbc.M007864200. PMID 11013263. 
  21. ^ a b Huang EY, Zhang J, Miska EA, Guenther MG, Kouzarides T, Lazar MA (January 2000). "Nuclear receptor corepressors partner with class II histone deacetylases in a Sin3-independent repression pathway". Genes Dev. 14 (1): 45–54. PMC 316335. PMID 10640275. 
  22. ^ Petrie K, Guidez F, Howell L, Healy L, Waxman S, Greaves M, Zelent A (May 2003). "The histone deacetylase 9 gene encodes multiple protein isoforms". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (18): 16059–72. doi:10.1074/jbc.M212935200. PMID 12590135. 
  23. ^ Iso T, Sartorelli V, Poizat C, Iezzi S, Wu HY, Chung G, Kedes L, Hamamori Y (September 2001). "HERP, a novel heterodimer partner of HES/E(spl) in Notch signaling". Mol. Cell. Biol. 21 (17): 6080–9. doi:10.1128/mcb.21.17.6080-6089.2001. PMC 87325. PMID 11486045. 
  24. ^ Baek SH, Ohgi KA, Rose DW, Koo EH, Glass CK, Rosenfeld MG (July 2002). "Exchange of N-CoR corepressor and Tip60 coactivator complexes links gene expression by NF-kappaB and beta-amyloid precursor protein". Cell 110 (1): 55–67. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(02)00809-7. PMID 12150997. 
  25. ^ Kokura K, Kaul SC, Wadhwa R, Nomura T, Khan MM, Shinagawa T, Yasukawa T, Colmenares C, Ishii S (September 2001). "The Ski protein family is required for MeCP2-mediated transcriptional repression". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (36): 34115–21. doi:10.1074/jbc.M105747200. PMID 11441023. 
  26. ^ a b c Dowell P, Ishmael JE, Avram D, Peterson VJ, Nevrivy DJ, Leid M (May 1999). "Identification of nuclear receptor corepressor as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha interacting protein". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (22): 15901–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.22.15901. PMID 10336495. 
  27. ^ Khan MM, Nomura T, Kim H, Kaul SC, Wadhwa R, Shinagawa T, Ichikawa-Iwata E, Zhong S, Pandolfi PP, Ishii S (June 2001). "Role of PML and PML-RARalpha in Mad-mediated transcriptional repression". Mol. Cell 7 (6): 1233–43. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(01)00257-x. PMID 11430826. 
  28. ^ Amann JM, Nip J, Strom DK, Lutterbach B, Harada H, Lenny N, Downing JR, Meyers S, Hiebert SW (October 2001). "ETO, a target of t(8;21) in acute leukemia, makes distinct contacts with multiple histone deacetylases and binds mSin3A through its oligomerization domain". Mol. Cell. Biol. 21 (19): 6470–83. doi:10.1128/mcb.21.19.6470-6483.2001. PMC 99794. PMID 11533236. 
  29. ^ Zhang J, Hug BA, Huang EY, Chen CW, Gelmetti V, Maccarana M, Minucci S, Pelicci PG, Lazar MA (January 2001). "Oligomerization of ETO is obligatory for corepressor interaction". Mol. Cell. Biol. 21 (1): 156–63. doi:10.1128/MCB.21.1.156-163.2001. PMC 88789. PMID 11113190. 
  30. ^ Guidez F, Ivins S, Zhu J, Söderström M, Waxman S, Zelent A (April 1998). "Reduced retinoic acid-sensitivities of nuclear receptor corepressor binding to PML- and PLZF-RARalpha underlie molecular pathogenesis and treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia". Blood 91 (8): 2634–42. PMID 9531570. 
  31. ^ Laherty CD, Billin AN, Lavinsky RM, Yochum GS, Bush AC, Sun JM, Mullen TM, Davie JR, Rose DW, Glass CK, Rosenfeld MG, Ayer DE, Eisenman RN (July 1998). "SAP30, a component of the mSin3 corepressor complex involved in N-CoR-mediated repression by specific transcription factors". Mol. Cell 2 (1): 33–42. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(00)80111-2. PMID 9702189. 
  32. ^ Guenther MG, Lane WS, Fischle W, Verdin E, Lazar MA, Shiekhattar R (May 2000). "A core SMRT corepressor complex containing HDAC3 and TBL1, a WD40-repeat protein linked to deafness". Genes Dev. 14 (9): 1048–57. PMC 316569. PMID 10809664. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]