Nuclear receptor coactivator 2

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Nuclear receptor coactivator 2
PDB 1gwq EBI.jpg
Rendering of 1GWQ
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols NCOA2 ; GRIP1; KAT13C; NCoA-2; SRC2; TIF2; bHLHe75
External IDs OMIM601993 MGI1276533 HomoloGene4768 ChEMBL: 1615341 GeneCards: NCOA2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NCOA2 gnf1h04995 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 10499 17978
Ensembl ENSG00000140396 ENSMUSG00000005886
UniProt Q15596 Q61026
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_006540 NM_001077695
RefSeq (protein) NP_006531 NP_001071163
Location (UCSC) Chr 8:
71.02 – 71.32 Mb
Chr 1:
13.14 – 13.37 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

The nuclear receptor coactivator 2 also known as NCoA-2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCOA2 gene. NCoA-2 is also frequently called glucocorticoid receptor-interacting protein 1 (GRIP1), steroid receptor coactivator-2 (SRC-2), or transcriptional mediators/intermediary factor 2 (TIF2).

Function[edit]

NCoA-2 is a transcriptional coregulatory protein that contains several nuclear receptor interacting domains and an intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity. NCOA2 is recruited to DNA promotion sites by ligand-activated nuclear receptors. NCOA2 in turn acylates histones, which makes downsteam DNA more accessible to transcription. Hence, NCOA2 assists nuclear receptors in the upregulation of DNA expression.[1][2]

GRIP1 is a transcriptional co-activator of the glucocorticoid receptor and interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1).[3]

Interactions[edit]

Nuclear receptor coactivator 2 has been shown to interact with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Voegel JJ, Heine MJ, Zechel C, Chambon P, Gronemeyer H (1996). "TIF2, a 160 kDa transcriptional mediator for the ligand-dependent activation function AF-2 of nuclear receptors". EMBO J 15 (14): 3667–75. PMC 452006. PMID 8670870. 
  2. ^ Hong H, Kohli K, Garabedian MJ, Stallcup MR (1997). "GRIP1, a transcriptional coactivator for the AF-2 transactivation domain of steroid, thyroid, retinoid, and vitamin D receptors". Mol Cell Biol 17 (5): 2735–44. PMC 232124. PMID 9111344. 
  3. ^ Bhandare R, Damera G, Banerjee A, Flammer JR, Keslacy S, Rogatsky I, Panettieri RA, Amrani Y, Tliba O (January 2010). "Glucocorticoid receptor interacting protein-1 restores glucocorticoid responsiveness in steroid-resistant airway structural cells". Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 42 (1): 9–15. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2009-0239RC. PMC 2809222. PMID 19805480. 
  4. ^ Song LN, Coghlan M, Gelmann EP (2004). "Antiandrogen effects of mifepristone on coactivator and corepressor interactions with the androgen receptor". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (1): 70–85. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0189. PMID 14593076. 
  5. ^ Ishitani K, Yoshida T, Kitagawa H, Ohta H, Nozawa S, Kato S (2003). "p54nrb acts as a transcriptional coactivator for activation function 1 of the human androgen receptor". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 306 (3): 660–5. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(03)01021-0. PMID 12810069. 
  6. ^ Wang Q, Udayakumar TS, Vasaitis TS, Brodie AM, Fondell JD (2004). "Mechanistic relationship between androgen receptor polyglutamine tract truncation and androgen-dependent transcriptional hyperactivity in prostate cancer cells". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (17): 17319–28. doi:10.1074/jbc.M400970200. PMID 14966121. 
  7. ^ a b c He B, Wilson EM (2003). "Electrostatic modulation in steroid receptor recruitment of LXXLL and FXXLF motifs". Mol. Cell. Biol. 23 (6): 2135–50. doi:10.1128/MCB.23.6.2135-2150.2003. PMC 149467. PMID 12612084. 
  8. ^ Bai S, He B, Wilson EM (2005). "Melanoma antigen gene protein MAGE-11 regulates androgen receptor function by modulating the interdomain interaction". Mol. Cell. Biol. 25 (4): 1238–57. doi:10.1128/MCB.25.4.1238-1257.2005. PMC 548016. PMID 15684378. 
  9. ^ Beischlag TV, Wang S, Rose DW, Torchia J, Reisz-Porszasz S, Muhammad K, Nelson WE, Probst MR, Rosenfeld MG, Hankinson O (2002). "Recruitment of the NCoA/SRC-1/p160 family of transcriptional coactivators by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor/aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator complex". Mol. Cell. Biol. 22 (12): 4319–33. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.12.4319-4333.2002. PMC 133867. PMID 12024042. 
  10. ^ Rodriguez M, Yu X, Chen J, Songyang Z (2003). "Phosphopeptide binding specificities of BRCA1 COOH-terminal (BRCT) domains". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (52): 52914–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.C300407200. PMID 14578343. 
  11. ^ Park JJ, Irvine RA, Buchanan G, Koh SS, Park JM, Tilley WD, Stallcup MR, Press MF, Coetzee GA (2000). "Breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCAI) is a coactivator of the androgen receptor". Cancer Res. 60 (21): 5946–9. PMID 11085509. 
  12. ^ a b c d Watanabe M, Yanagisawa J, Kitagawa H, Takeyama K, Ogawa S, Arao Y, Suzawa M, Kobayashi Y, Yano T, Yoshikawa H, Masuhiro Y, Kato S (2001). "A subfamily of RNA-binding DEAD-box proteins acts as an estrogen receptor alpha coactivator through the N-terminal activation domain (AF-1) with an RNA coactivator, SRA". EMBO J. 20 (6): 1341–52. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.6.1341. PMC 145523. PMID 11250900. 
  13. ^ a b Kitagawa H, Fujiki R, Yoshimura K, Mezaki Y, Uematsu Y, Matsui D, Ogawa S, Unno K, Okubo M, Tokita A, Nakagawa T, Ito T, Ishimi Y, Nagasawa H, Matsumoto T, Yanagisawa J, Kato S (2003). "The chromatin-remodeling complex WINAC targets a nuclear receptor to promoters and is impaired in Williams syndrome". Cell 113 (7): 905–17. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00436-7. PMID 12837248. 
  14. ^ Wärnmark A, Treuter E, Gustafsson JA, Hubbard RE, Brzozowski AM, Pike AC (2002). "Interaction of transcriptional intermediary factor 2 nuclear receptor box peptides with the coactivator binding site of estrogen receptor alpha". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (24): 21862–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M200764200. PMID 11937504. 
  15. ^ Fenne IS, Hoang T, Hauglid M, Sagen JV, Lien EA, Mellgren G (2008). "Recruitment of coactivator glucocorticoid receptor interacting protein 1 to an estrogen receptor transcription complex is regulated by the 3',5'-cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase". Endocrinology 149 (9): 4336–45. doi:10.1210/en.2008-0037. PMID 18499756. 
  16. ^ Zilliacus J, Holter E, Wakui H, Tazawa H, Treuter E, Gustafsson JA (2001). "Regulation of glucocorticoid receptor activity by 14--3-3-dependent intracellular relocalization of the corepressor RIP140". Mol. Endocrinol. 15 (4): 501–11. doi:10.1210/mend.15.4.0624. PMID 11266503. 
  17. ^ Bledsoe RK, Montana VG, Stanley TB, Delves CJ, Apolito CJ, McKee DD, Consler TG, Parks DJ, Stewart EL, Willson TM, Lambert MH, Moore JT, Pearce KH, Xu HE (2002). "Crystal structure of the glucocorticoid receptor ligand binding domain reveals a novel mode of receptor dimerization and coactivator recognition". Cell 110 (1): 93–105. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(02)00817-6. PMID 12151000. 
  18. ^ Wyszynski M, Kim E, Dunah AW, Passafaro M, Valtschanoff JG, Serra-Pagès C, Streuli M, Weinberg RJ, Sheng M (2002). "Interaction between GRIP and liprin-alpha/SYD2 is required for AMPA receptor targeting". Neuron 34 (1): 39–52. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(02)00640-2. PMID 11931740. 
  19. ^ Kodera Y, Takeyama K, Murayama A, Suzawa M, Masuhiro Y, Kato S (2000). "Ligand type-specific interactions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma with transcriptional coactivators". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (43): 33201–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.C000517200. PMID 10944516. 
  20. ^ a b Zhang C, Baudino TA, Dowd DR, Tokumaru H, Wang W, MacDonald PN (2001). "Ternary complexes and cooperative interplay between NCoA-62/Ski-interacting protein and steroid receptor coactivators in vitamin D receptor-mediated transcription". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (44): 40614–20. doi:10.1074/jbc.M106263200. PMID 11514567. 
  21. ^ Lee WY, Noy N (2002). "Interactions of RXR with coactivators are differentially mediated by helix 11 of the receptor's ligand binding domain". Biochemistry 41 (8): 2500–8. doi:10.1021/bi011764. PMID 11851396. 
  22. ^ Herdick M, Steinmeyer A, Carlberg C (2000). "Antagonistic action of a 25-carboxylic ester analogue of 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 is mediated by a lack of ligand-induced vitamin D receptor interaction with coactivators". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (22): 16506–12. doi:10.1074/jbc.M910000199. PMID 10748178. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]