||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2010)|
|Native to||South Sudan, Ethiopia|
|Region||Upper Nile state, Gambela Region|
|Native speakers||(740,000 in South Sudan cited 1982)
153,000 in Ethiopia (2007)
The Nuer language is a Nilo-Saharan language of the Western Nilotic group. It is spoken by the Nuer people of South Sudan and in western Ethiopia. Nuer is one of eastern and central Africa's most widely spoken languages. The Nuer nation is one of the largest in South Sudan.
Nuer language has a Latin-based alphabet. There are also several dialects of Nuer, although all have one written standard. For example, while final /k/ is pronounced in the Jikany dialect, this sound is dropped in other dialects despite being indicated in Nuer orthography.
There are different dialects spoken by Nuer groups living in various locations in South Sudan. Some of the Nuer people live in Western Ethiopia. They are called Gajaak, Gajiok, and Lou. The Nuer of the Nasir region are called Gajiok, and those in Waat are called Lou. There are also Gaweer and Jikueichieng.
Nuer: Naath dial diethɛ kɛ a lɔr kä päärkɛ kɛ ciaŋ malä a mäni cuŋkiɛn. Tekɛ kɛ car kɛnɛ nhok ti de lät kɛ raan kɛ dämaan a gɔa.
English: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Writing system of Nuer
The alphabet of Nuer uses 39 distinct letters, shown below in capitals and lowercase styles.
- Nuer Project - copious grammatical notes
- Ethnologue report on Nuer
- OpenRoad page on Nuer (Thok Nath)
- PanAfrican L10n page on Nuer
- Omniglot page on Nuer
- World Atlas of Language Structures information on Nuer
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