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Nueva Extremadura could refer to
- a region in the north of New Spain, in present day Texas, the United States of America, and northern Mexico.
- the name given to Chile by Pedro de Valdivia. Its capital was Santiago de Nueva Extremadura.
Nueva Extremadura 
The early name of Chile was given by the Spanish Kingdom and used to be the official name, in relation with Extremadura, Spain, that was the hometown of Pedro de Valdivia. Finally Chilean people preferred to name the country Chile and since 1818 officially Republic of Chile.
See also 
- History of Chile
- Santiago de Chile
- Coahuila y Tejas
- Santa Fe de Nuevo México
- History of Mexico
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