Nufenen

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This article is about the municipality. For the mountain pass, see Nufenen Pass.
Nufenen
Nufenen -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Nufenen
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°32′N 9°14′E / 46.533°N 9.233°E / 46.533; 9.233Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°14′E / 46.533°N 9.233°E / 46.533; 9.233
Population 156 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 6 /km2 (14 /sq mi)
Area 28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,569 m (5,148 ft)
Postal code 7437
SFOS number 3693
Surrounded by Hinterrhein, Mesocco, Safien, Splügen, Vals
Website www.nufenen.ch
SFSO statistics
Nufenen is located in Switzerland
Nufenen
Nufenen

Nufenen (Italian: Nufena, Romansh: Nueinas) is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Nufenen was first mentioned in 1343 as Ovena. In 1633 it was mentioned as Nufena. In Romansh it was known as Nueinas and it used to be known as Novena in Italian.[3]

Geography[edit]

Nufenen has an area, as of 2006, of 28.1 km2 (10.8 sq mi). Of this area, 54.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 14.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (29.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It is located on the San Bernardino tunnel road. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Nufenen. Until the 18th Century, the village was surrounded by about fifteen farm house groups.

Demographics[edit]

Nufenen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 156.[1] As of 2008, 4.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 55.6% male and 44.4% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Nufenen is; 17 people or 13.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 4 people or 3.1% are 10 to 14, and 6 people or 4.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 18 people or 14.2% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 9 people or 7.1% are 30 to 39, 17 people or 13.4% are 40 to 49, and 25 people or 19.7% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 8 people or 6.3% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 15 people or 11.8% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 5.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 61.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (27.5%), the FDP (8.1%) and the CVP (2.3%).[4]

In Nufenen about 71.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Nufenen has an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2005, there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 15 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1781 366
1850 344
1900 206
1950 170
2000 127

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speak German (96.9%), with French being second most common ( 1.6%) and Italian being third ( 0.8%).[4]

Languages in Nufenen
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 126 92.65% 115 95.04% 123 96.85%
Romansh 4 2.94% 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
Italian 4 2.94% 0 0.00% 1 0.79%
Population 136 100% 121 100% 127 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Nufenen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]