Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky

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Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
Prince Nugzar of Georgia.jpg
Head of the Royal House of Georgia (disputed)
Tenure 1984 - present
Predecessor Petre Gruzinsky
Spouse Leila Kipiani
Issue Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky
Maia Bagration-Gruzinsky
House Bagrationi
Father Petre Gruzinsky
Mother Lia Mgeladze
Born (1950-08-25) 25 August 1950 (age 64)
Tbilisi, Georgia
Religion Georgian Orthodox Church

Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky (Georgian: ბატონიშვილი ნუგზარი) (born August 25, 1950, in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic) is the head of the deposed royal House of Gruzinsky and represents its claim to the former crown of Georgia.

Biography[edit]

Prince Nugzar is the son of Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinsky of Georgia (1920–1984), a prominent poet and claimant to the headship of the Georgian dynasty from 1939 until his death, and his second wife Liya Mgeladze (b. 8 August 1926). Prince Nugzar is the director of the Tbilisi theatre of cinema artists.

On 18 December 2007, Nugzar met with Kristiina Ojuland, the Vice-President of the Riigikogu (Parliament of Estonia) at the Mariott-Tbilisi Hotel in which Ojuland "paid homage to the Bagrationi dynasty, which has made an extraordinary contribution in support of Georgia".[1] [2]

Prince Nugzar is the senior descendant by primogeniture in the male line of George XII, the last King of Georgia (Kartli and Kakheti) to reign.[3]

Family[edit]

Nugzar married actress Leila Kipiani (b. Tbilisi July 16, 1947) on February 10, 1971, and they have two daughters:

  • Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi November 1, 1976. Married firstly to Grigoriy Malania and had two daughters with him, Irina and Miriam, and secondly, to Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani with whom she has a son, Prince Giorgi Bagrationi (born 2011) (see below).
  • Princess Maia Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi January 2, 1978. She married Nikolai Chichinadze and has two children with him, Themour and Anna Chichinadze.

As Nugzar has no male issue, Evgeny Petrovich Gruzinsky (born 1947), the great-great grandson of Bagrat's younger brother Ilia (1791–1854), who lives in the Russian Federation, is considered to be an heir presumptive within primogeniture principle.[4] Nugzar himself argues in favor of having his eldest daughter, Anna, designated as his heir in accordance with the Georgian dynastic law of "Zedsidzeoba" by which every child born from Princess Anna will inherit the royal dignity from mother's side thus will continue the royal line.[5]

Dynastic marriage of the Gruzinsky and Mukhrani heirs[edit]

Nugzar's daughter, Princess Anna, a divorced teacher and journalist with two daughters, married Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani, on 8 February 2009 at the Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral.[6] The marriage united the Gruzinsky and Mukhrani branches of the Georgian royal family, and drew a crowd of 3,000 spectators, officials, and foreign diplomats, as well as extensive coverage by the Georgian media.[7]

The dynastic significance of the wedding lay in the fact that, amidst the turmoil in political partisanship that has roiled Georgia since its independence in 1991, Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia publicly called for restoration of the monarchy as a path toward national unity in October 2007.[8] Although this led some politicians and parties to entertain the notion of a Georgian constitutional monarchy, competition arose among the old dynasty's princes and supporters, as historians and jurists debated which Bagrationi has the strongest hereditary right to a throne that has been vacant for two centuries.[7] Although some Georgian monarchists support the Gruzinsky branch's claim, others support that of the re-patriated Mukhrani branch.[8] Both branches descend in unbroken, legitimate male line from the medieval kings of Georgia down to Constantine II of Georgia who died in 1505.

Whereas the Bagration-Mukhrani were a cadet branch of the former Royal House of Kartli, they became the genealogically seniormost line of the Bagrationi family in the early 20th century: yet the elder branch had lost the rule of Kartli by 1724.[3] Meanwhile, the Bagration-Gruzinsky line, although junior to the Princes of Mukhrani genealogically,[3] reigned over the kingdom of Kakheti, re-united the two realms in the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti in 1762, and did not lose sovereignty until Russian annexation in 1800.[9]

Prince Giorgi, the son of David and Anna, was born on September 27, 2011 in Madrid, Spain.[10] Currently Nugzar does not officially recognize his grandson as heir to the Georgian throne.[11][12] He continues to demand that David sign a written agreement in which he would recognize Nugzar and the Gruzinsky branch as the sole rightful heir to the Georgian throne and to the legacy of the Georgian kings.[13]

Nevertheless, in 2013, Prince Giorgi returned to Georgia with his mother and father and was baptised by Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia at a ceremony attended by foreign royalty[who?] at the cathedral in Mtskheta. This service was attended by Prince Nugzar, who after the christening of his grandson said:[14]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.reform.ee/kandidaat/UserFiles/Image/Galeriid/Too/Nugzar_of_Georgia.JPG
  2. ^ Kristiina Ojuland - Kokkuvõtte Gruusia visiidist
  3. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, 1980, "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East, pp. 59-65 ISBN 0-85011-029-7
  4. ^ Guy Stair Sainty (ed.). Bagration (Georgia). Almanach de la Cour. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
  5. ^ The Legal Heir to the Royal Throne of the Georgian Bagrationi Dynasty. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ a b Vignanski, Misha (02/08/2009), written at Tiflis, el confidencial (Spain) http://www.elconfidencial.com/cache/2009/02/08/93_primera_siglos_reagrupa_ramas_dinastia_bagration.html# |url= missing title (help), retrieved 02/09/2009  Check date values in: |date=, |accessdate= (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  8. ^ a b Time for a King for Georgia?
  9. ^ GeorgiaTimes, 2009-02-09 http://www.georgiatimes.info/?lang=en&area=newsItem&id=7197 |url= missing title (help), retrieved 2009-02-09  |chapter= ignored (help)
  10. ^ (Georgian) ახალდაბადებული ბაგრატოვანთა მემკვიდრე- გიორგი 3 კილო და 700 გრამი მოევლინა ქვეყანას
  11. ^ (Georgian) ახალ­შო­ბილ მუხ­რან ბა­ტონს ბა­ბუა ტახ­ტის მემ­კვიდ­რედ არ აღი­ა­რებს Tabula Magazine
  12. ^ (Georgian) ნუგზარ ბაგრატიონ-გრუზინსკი თვენახევრის შვილიშვილს-გიორგი ბაგრატიონ-მუხრანელს სამეფო ტახტის მემკვიდრედ არ აღიარებს GeoNews
  13. ^ The Legal Heir to the Royal Throne of the Georgian Bagrationi Dynasty. Appendix of Additional Information No13.
  14. ^ (Georgian) უფლისწულის ნათლობა on YouTube Maestro TV

Sources[edit]

  1. W.E.D. Allen, A History of the Georgian People, from the beginning down to the Russian conquest in the nineteenth century. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., London, 1932.
  2. Almanach de Gotha, annuaire généalogique, diplomatique et statistique. Justus Perthes, Gotha, 1826-1944.
  3. I.L. Bichikashvili, D.V. Ninidze and A.N. Peikrishvili, The Genealogy of the Bagratides. Tiflis, 1995
  4. M.L. Bierbrier, "The Descendants of Theodora Comnena of Trebizond". The Genealogist, Volumes 11, No. 2, Fall 1997 to 14, No. 1, Spring 2000 (inclusive). American Society of Genealogists, Picton Press, Rockport, ME.
  5. M. Brosset (ed.), Rapporta sur un Voyage Archéologique dans la Géorgie et dans l'Arménie exécute en 1847-1848. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1849 [British Library Shelfmark 1269.dd.10]
  6. Marie-Félicité Brosset, Histoire de la Géorgie, depuis la'antiquité jusqu'au XIXe siècle, traduite du Géorgien. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1856.
  7. Marie-Félicité Brosset, "Inscriptions tumulaires géorgiennes de Moscou et de St.-Pètersbourg". Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pètersbourg. Sixième série. Sciences politiques, histoire et philologie. Tome IV. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1840 pp. 461–521. [British Library shelfmark Ac. 1125/2]
  8. Marie-Félicité Brosset, "Nouvelles rescherches sur l'histoire Wakhoucht, sur le roi Artchil et sa famille, et sur divers personages géorgiens enterrés à Moscou". Mélanges Asiatiques, Vol. III, l'Académie Impériale des Sciences, St Petersburg, 1859. pp. 534–575. [British Library shelfmark Ac. 1125/11]
  9. Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume II Africa & the Middle East, Burke's Peerage Ltd., London 1980.
  10. Stanislav Dumin, "Tsars and Tsarevitchs of the United Kakheti and Kartli. T.S.H. Princes Gruzinsky", The Families of the Nobility of the Russian Empire, Volume III, Moscow, 1996.
  11. Jacques Ferrand, Les Families Princieres de l'Ancien Empire de Russie en émigration. 3 parts. Montreuil, France, 1978.
  12. Giorgi Gabeskiria. Georgian History. National Parliamentary Library of Georgia/Electronic Text Center, Tbilisi, 2001.
  13. A. Gugushvili, "The Chronological-Genealogical Table of the Kings of Georgia". Georgica. Volume 1, Nos. 2 & 3, pp. 106–153. The Georgian Historical Society, London, October 1936.
  14. János József Gudenus, Magyar családtorténeti adattár. Petófi Irodalmi Múzeum, Budapest. Internet, 2006.
  15. Nicolas Ikonnikov, la Noblesse de Russie. Deuxième Edition. Paris, 1958.
  16. Davit Marshal Lang, The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1632. Columbia University Press, New York, 1957.
  17. "Oukase Impérial réglant le titre et le raing des princes Géorgiens domiciliés en Russie". Journal Asiatique. Troisième série, Tome 1, Fevrier 1836, pp. 205–207. Société Asiatique, Paris, 1836.
  18. S. Quakhchishvili (ed.), The Georgian Chronicle: the Period of Giorgi Lasha. Adolf M. Hakkert, Amsterdam, 1991.
  19. Nino Salia, "le martyr de la reine Kéthévan de Georgie", Bedi Karthlisa "Le Destin de la Georgie", Revue de Karthvelologie, No 23 (N.S.), pp. 55–57, Paris, January 1957.
  20. Kalistrat Salia and Katharine Vivian (trans.), History of the Georgian Nation. Paris, 1983.
  21. Mihail-Dimitri Sturdza, Dictionnaire historique et génealgique des grandes familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople. Paris, 1999.
  22. Cyril Toumanoff, "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratides and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia". Traditio. Volume VII, Fordham University Press, New York 1949-1951, pp. 169–221.
  23. Cyrille Toumanoff, Manuel de généalogie et de chronologie pour l'histoire de la Caucasie Chrétienne (Arménie-Géorgie-Albanie). Edizioni Aquila, Roma, 1976.
  24. Tsarévitch Wakhoucht (Prince Vakusht), Description géographique de la Géorgie. L'Académie Impérial des Sciences, St Ptersbourg, 1842.

External links[edit]

Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
House of Gruzinsky
Born: August 25 1950
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Peter Bagration-Gruzinsky
— TITULAR —
Pretender of the throne of Georgia
disputed with David

1984-present
Incumbent
Heir:
Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky