|Structure||2 rukus, 28 verses|
Sūrat Nūḥ (Arabic: سورة نوح) (Noah) is the 71st sura of the Qur'an with 28 ayat. It is about the Islamic prophet Noah (Nūḥ) and his complaint about his people rejecting all warning Allah gave them through Noah.
In Nuh, the 71st surah, the Quran refers to Nuh’s prophethood in snippets. Nuh is a messenger for Allah. When Nuh realizes his messages are not accepted by the community, Nuh prays to Allah for help. Allah plans to flood the community in response to the prayers of Nuh. Allah commands Nuh to warn people of the flood. Allah brings forth the water from the skies to prove Nuh’s message to be accurate. In the Holy Qur'an, the flood is a symbolization of the strength of Allah. Allah gives the world a new beginning. The non-believers choose not to believe Nuh and his message and drown in the flood water. Because his people are unable to grasp the idea of the existence of Allah, the lives of Muhammad and Nuh parallel each other for the time of the revelation of this surah. The surah was used as a verse to encourage Muhammad; it shows that prophets before Muhammad had similar difficulties persuading disbelievers of Allah’s message.
Overview of the sura Ayat 1-4 discusses the message Nuh received from Allah to share with his community, to serve God. In Ayat 5-20, Nuh informs God that his people are not accepting his message. Nuh tries to make clear to the people that all of the Earth, the sun, the moon are signs of Allah’s existence. In Ayat 21-24, Nuh asks Allah to rid the world of the evildoers because they refused to abandon their idols and encourage others to do the same. In Ayat 25–28,the disbelievers were all drowned and sent to Hell (as a result of the flood). Nuh asks Allah to forgive believers but to destroy disbelievers because their ideas will lead many astray.
Chronological Order of the Surah
The surah is entirely Meccan meaning it was revealed while Muhammad was trying to create a Muslim community in Mecca. According to the Tanzil version, it was the 71st surah revealed. It was revealed after the 16th surah, Al-Nahl (The Bees) and before the 14th surah Ibrahim (Abraham). According to Nöldeke’s version, Nuh was the 53rd surah to be revealed. It was revealed after the 37th surah Saaffaat (ThoseWhoSetTheRanks), and before the 76th surah, Insaan or Dahr (Time or Man).
Belief in God; Signs of God (the Earth, Sun, Moon); Punishment of denying Allah's message
- Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2008). The Qur'an : a new translation ([2010 reprint with corrections]. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199535958.
- Nöldeke, Theodor. "THE QUR'AN". Adam and Charles Black. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- Edgecomb., Kevin P. "Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs". Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- Surah Nuh (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
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