Nukulaelae

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Nukulaelae
Atoll
Nukulaelae atoll from space
Nukulaelae atoll from space
Nukulaelae is located in Tuvalu
Nukulaelae
Nukulaelae
Location in Tuvalu
Coordinates: 09°22′52″S 179°51′08″E / 9.38111°S 179.85222°E / -9.38111; 179.85222Coordinates: 09°22′52″S 179°51′08″E / 9.38111°S 179.85222°E / -9.38111; 179.85222
Country Tuvalu
Population (2002)
 • Total 393
ISO 3166 code TV-NKL
Main article: Tuvalu

Nukulaelae is an atoll that is part of the nation of Tuvalu, and has a population (2002 census) of 393. It has the form of an oval and consists of at least 15 islets.[1][2] The inhabited islet is Fagaua, which is 1.5 kilometres long and 50 to 200 meters wide. The easternmost point of Tuvalu is Niuoko islet. The Nukulaelae Conservation Area covers the eastern end of the lagoon. A baseline survey of marine life in the conservation zone was conducted in 2010.[3][4]

Education[edit]

The junior school is Faikimua Primary School.

History[edit]

The traditional history of Nukulaelae is that a white-skinned man was the first person to sight the island, but he did not settle as there were no trees. Nukulaelae means 'the land of sands'.[5] Later, according to tradition, Valoa from Vaitupu discovered Nukulaelae while on a fishing expedition. He returned to Nukulaelae and planted coconut trees and eventually settled on Nukulaelae with his family.[5] On the islet of Tumuiloto was a malae named Fagafale where religious rights honouring ancestral spirits were practiced.[5] On the islet of Niuoka is a large stone at a place called Te Faleatua - 'the house of the gods.'[5]

In 1821 Nukulaelae was visited by Captain George Barrett of the Nantucket whaler Independence II He named the atoll ‘Mitchell’s Group’.[6]

Christianity first came to Tuvalu in 1861 when Elekana, a deacon of a Congregational church in Manihiki, Cook Islands became caught in a storm and drifted for 8 weeks before landing at Nukulaelae on the 10th of May 1861.[7][8][9]

The population of Nukulaelae in 1860 is estimated to be 300 people.[10][11] For less than a year between 1862–63, Peruvian ships, engaged in what became to be called the "blackbirding" trade, came to the islands seeking recruits to fill the extreme labour shortage in Peru, including workers to mine the guano deposits on the Chincha Islands.[12] While some islander were voluntary recruits the "blackbirders" were notorious for enticing islanders on to ships with tricks, such as pretending to be Christian missionaries. About 200 were taken from Nukulaelae[13] as there were fewer than 100 of the 300 recorded in 1861 as living on Nukulaelae.[10][14]

In 1865 a trading captain acting on behalf of the German firm of J.C. Godeffroy & Sohn obtained a 25-year lease to the eastern islet of Niuoko.[15] For many years the islanders and the Germans argued over the lease, including its the terms and the importation of labourers, however the Germans remained until the lease expired in 1890.[15]

Nukulaelae Post Office opened around 1923.[16]

The atoll was claimed by the United States under the Guano Islands Act from the 19th century until 1983, when claims to the atoll were ceded to Tuvalu.

Politics[edit]

Nukulaelae is one of the eight constituencies in Tuvalu. Unlike the other seven, it elects just one Member of Parliament, rather than two. Following the 2010 general election, its current representative is Namoliki Sualiki, the successfully re-elected incumbent. He had been elected in 2006, defeating the then incumbent Bikenibeu Paeniu. The 2006 election in Nukulaelae had also involved Bikenibeu Paeniu's brother Iefata and nephew Luke.[17]

2010 election results[edit]

Nukulaelae constituency results [18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Non-partisan Namoliki Sualiki Symbol confirmed.svg 148  %
Non-partisan Vaefitu Paeniu 117  %

2006 election results[edit]

Nukulaelae constituency results [17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Non-partisan Namoliki Sualiki Symbol confirmed.svg 109  %
Non-partisan Bikenibeu Paeniu 65  %
Non-partisan Iefata Paeniu 64  %
Non-partisan Luke Paeniu 21  %

Notable local person[edit]

Bikenibeu Paeniu (1956-), who served two terms as Prime Minister of Tuvalu, represented Nukulaelae in the Parliament of Tuvalu from 1989 to 2006.

See also[edit]

  • List of Guano Island claims
  • Suamalie N.T. Iosefa, Doug Munro, Niko Besnier Tala O Niuoku, Te: the German Plantation on Nukulaelae Atoll 1865-1890 (1991) Published by the Institute of Pacific Studies. ISBN 9820200733

References[edit]

  1. ^ Map of Nukulaelae Atoll. Tuvaluislands.com. 
  2. ^ British Admiralty Nautical Chart 766 Ellice Islands. United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO). Publication Date: 21/03/1872 (Ed. 1893). 
  3. ^ Sandrine Job, Dr. Daniela Ceccarelli (December 2012). "Tuvalu Marine Life Scientific Report". an Alofa Tuvalu project with the Tuvalu Fisheries Department. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Sandrine Job, Dr. Daniela Ceccarelli (December 2011). "Tuvalu Marine Life Synthesis Report". an Alofa Tuvalu project with the Tuvalu Fisheries Department. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Vaieli Tinilau, Hugh Laracy (ed.) (1983). "Chapter 14 - Nukulaelae". Tuvalu: A History. Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu. pp. 97–98. 
  6. ^ Keith S. Chambers & Doug Munro, The Mystery of Gran Cocal: European Discovery and Mis-Discovery in Tuvalu, 89(2) (1980) The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 167-198
  7. ^ "the 150th anniversary of the introduction of Christianity in Nukulaelae". Tuvaluislands.com. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Laumua Kofe (1980). Tuvalu: A History, Palagi and Pastors, Ch. 15. Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu. 
  9. ^ Michael Goldsmith and Doug Munro (2002). The accidental missionary: tales of Elekana. Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies, University of Canterbury. ISBN 1877175331. 
  10. ^ a b W.F. Newton, The Early Population of the Ellice Islands, 76(2) (1967) The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 197-204.
  11. ^ Richard Bedford, Barrie Macdonald & Doug Monro, Population Estimates for Kiribati and Tuvalu (1980) 89(1) J. of the Polynesian Society 199
  12. ^ H.E. Maude, Slavers in Paradise, Institute of Pacific Studies (1981)
  13. ^ The figure of 250 taken from Nukulaelae is given by Laumua Kofe, Palagi and Pastors, Tuvalu: A History, Ch. 15, U.S.P. & Tuvalu (1983)
  14. ^ The figure of 250 taken from Nukulaelae is stated by Richard Bedford, Barrie Macdonald & Doug Munro, Population Estimates for Kiribati and Tuvalu (1980) 89(1) J. of the Polynesian Society 199
  15. ^ a b Suamalie N.T. Iosefa, Doug Munro, Niko Besnier (1991). Tala O Niuoku, Te: the German Plantation on Nukulaelae Atoll 1865-1890. Published by the Institute of Pacific Studies. ISBN 9820200733. 
  16. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Election Results Bring Changes", Tuvalu News, August 3, 2006
  18. ^ Cannon, Brian (2010-09-16). "Tuvalu Election Results". Tuvalu News (Tuvaluislands.com). Retrieved 2010-09-17.