Nulato, Alaska

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Nulato
Noolaaghe Doh
City
Nulato is located in Alaska
Nulato
Nulato
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 64°43′48″N 158°6′51″W / 64.73000°N 158.11417°W / 64.73000; -158.11417Coordinates: 64°43′48″N 158°6′51″W / 64.73000°N 158.11417°W / 64.73000; -158.11417
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Yukon-Koyukuk
Incorporated April 22, 1963[1]
Government
 • Mayor Virginia Patsy[2]
Area
 • Total 44.8 sq mi (116.0 km2)
 • Land 42.7 sq mi (110.7 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Elevation 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 • Total 302
 • Density 7.9/sq mi (3.0/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP codes 99765
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-56350

Nulato[pronunciation?] (Noolaaghe Doh /nuːlaːɣə tɔːχ/, (chum salmon fish camp) in Koyukon) is a city in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 336.

History[edit]

Woodyard and Nulato, Alaska circa 1908

Nulato was a location for trade between the Koyukon people and Inupiat people of the Kobuk River area before the arrival of Europeans.[citation needed]

In 1838, the Russian explorer Malakov established a trading post in Nulato.[4]

The Kokukuk River people massacred a large part of the population of Nulato on February 16, 1851, during the Athapaskan uprising.[4]

After the Alaska Purchase, a United States military telegraph line was constructed along the north side of the Yukon River. The gold rush along the Yukon River that began in 1884 brought many new diseases to the area and many people died. Our Lady of Snows Roman Catholic mission and school were opened in 1887 and many people moved to Nulato to be near the school. A measles epidemic and food shortages during 1900 reduced the population of the area by one-third. 1900 was also the peak year for steamboat travel on the Yukon River, with 46 boats in operation. That summer, two boats per day stopped at Nulato to purchase firewood.[citation needed]

Gold prospectors left the Yukon River area for Fairbanks and Nome in 1906. Lead mining began around neighboring Galena in 1919.[citation needed]

Nulato incorporated as a city in 1963. In 1981, housing was built at a new townsite 3 km (1.9 mi) from present Nulato.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Nulato is located at 64°43′48″N 158°6′51″W / 64.73000°N 158.11417°W / 64.73000; -158.11417 (64.730011, -158.114101).[5]

Nulato is on the west bank of the Yukon River, 53 km (33 mi) west of Galena, in the Nulato Hills. It is across the Yukon River from the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.The area experiences a cold, continental climate with extreme temperature differences. Temperatures range from -70F to 80F. Average precipitation is 15.6 inches, with 74 inches of snowfall annually.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.8 square miles (116 km2), of which, 42.7 square miles (111 km2) of it is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) of it (4.56%) is water.

Transportation[edit]

The town is serviced by Nulato Airport which has regularly scheduled flights to Galena, Kaltag[6] and Koyukuk.

Culture[edit]

Every other year, the people gather in Nulato to celebrate the week long Stick Dance.[4] It is celebrated on the years that it is not held in Kaltag, Alaska. People from all over the Athabascan region gather in the small village to attend the sacred dance that is done to celebrate the lives of lost loved ones and to appreciate the people that helped the family through the mourning process. Nulato residents are predominantly Koyukon Athabascan with trapping and subsistence lifestyle.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Nulato residents are predominantly Koyukon, an Alaska Native Athabaskan people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group.

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 336 people, 91 households, and 71 families residing in the city. The population density was 7.9 people per square mile (3.0/km²). There were 119 housing units at an average density of 2.8 per square mile (1.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 5.06% White, 92.86% Native American, 0.60% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 91 households out of which 51.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 27.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.69 and the average family size was 4.13.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 41.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,114, and the median income for a family was $26,944. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $25,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,966. About 16.7% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Koyukon Athabascans[edit]

The Koyukon Athabascans had seasonal camps in this area and moved when the wild game migrated. There were 12 summer fish camps located on the Yukon River between the Koyukuk River and the Nowitna River.

Notable Residents[edit]

Koyukon Athabascan author Poldine Carlo was born in Nulato.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 61. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Nulato". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ a b c National Geographic, The Making of America, Alaska, (map), Wilbur E. Garrett, Editor, John B. Garver Jr., Chief Cartographer, John F. Shupe, Associate Chief, January 1984
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "2007 Timetable" (PDF). Frontier Flying Service. Retrieved August 31, 2007. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]