Nullagine, Western Australia
Location of Nullagine in Western Australia (red)
|Population||217 (2006 Census)|
|Elevation||412 m (1,352 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of East Pilbara|
Nullagine is an old goldrush town in Western Australia's Pilbara region. It is located on the Nullagine River 296 km south-east of Port Hedland and 1,364 km north-north-east of Perth on the old Great Northern Highway.
The town originated from gold being discovered in the area in 1886 by a prospector, N.W. Cooke. The population increased sharply as a result and by the mid-1890s the community wanted to have a town declared. Lots were surveyed and released in 1897 and the state government gazetted the town in 1899.
Nullagine comes from the Aboriginal name of a nearby river, the Ngullagine river; the meaning of the word is unknown.
Its population was 1,500 prior to World War II. Now, with the decline of gold mining, only about 200 remain. However the town still attracts fossickers and prospectors who visit the surrounding area, which is particularly rich in minerals such as agate, asbestos, antimony, beryl, chalcedony, copper, jade, jasper, manganese, tiger eye and wolfram.
Newly discovered iron ore deposits to the south-west may lead to a revival of the town.
A company called BC Iron, which takes its name from the Bonnie Creek “paleochannel” system of ancient river beds in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, believes it has a chance of proving up between 200 million and 600 million tonnes of pisolitic (pea-shaped) iron in what was once a diamond exploration location. With iron ore prices continuing to rise, that translates into a potential bonanza with an in-ground value of up to A$30 billion. The three-stage challenge for BC will be first in proving that it has the ore in the ground, that it is of a quality that Asian steel mills want to buy, and that it can secure a transport route to the coast, and find room at a port for handling exports.
Because the size of the ore deposit at Bonnie Creek is too small to justify its own railway to the port, the company has negotiated a "mine gate" joint venture with Fortescue to use the Fortescue Railway in exchange for half the mine's output.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Nullagine (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "Australia's North West - Newman, Marble Bar and Nullagine". 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "The Sydney Morning Herald - Travel - Nullagine". 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "Truscott Mining - Tennant Creek and Nullagine". 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "BC Iron - The Time, The Place, The Metal". 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-16.[dead link]
- Australian Financial Review 25 July 2012, p26