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Privately held
Industry Analytics, Machine Learning
Founded Redwood City, California
(March 24, 2005 (2005-03-24))
Founder Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky, Dileep George
Headquarters Redwood City, California, U.S.
Area served
Key people
Donna Dubinsky (CEO),
Jeff Hawkins (Co-founder),
Products Grok for IT Analytics
Number of employees
11-50[citation needed]

Numenta was founded on March 24, 2005, by Palm founder Jeff Hawkins with his longtime business partner Donna Dubinsky and Stanford graduate student Dileep George. It is headquartered in Redwood City, California. The company has been founded to be a catalyst in the emerging field of machine intelligence.

Its first commercial product, called Grok, offers anomaly detection for IT analytics, giving insight into IT systems to identify unusual behavior and reduce business downtime.

In addition, Numenta has created NuPIC (Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing) as an open source project.


In the 2004 book On Intelligence, Hawkins and co-author Sandra Blakeslee explain a theory of the neocortex. This theory is the basis for Numenta's technology, called Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM).

Numenta's name comes from the Latin mentis (“pertaining to the mind”) genitive of mēns (“mind”).[1]

The word Grok is a term that was coined by Robert Heinlein in his 1961 novel Stranger in a Strange Land.


Grok for IT Analytics enables insights into IT systems to identify unusual behavior and reduce business downtime.

Legacy / Research Products[edit]

The Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing (NuPIC) is a set of tools and a runtime engine, including embedded learning algorithms, that enables self-training and pattern recognition based on the theories of Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM).

The Research Release of NuPIC was announced on March 5, 2007.[2]

A version for the Microsoft Windows operating system was announced on August 29, 2007.[3]

The NuPIC Open Source Project[edit]

Numenta announced in June 2013 that it would open-source the core software underlying Grok. This was accompanied by the new website[4] and a mailing list for community members. A number of contributors from around the world have since joined, and topics on the mailing list have included both discussions of the HTM theory as well as details of development of the software.

A series of hackathons, started in Summer 2013, allow community members to meet up and collaborate on particular aspects of NuPIC and its applications.


  1. ^ Numenta -
  2. ^ Press -
  3. ^ Press -
  4. ^ website

External links[edit]