Nundah, Queensland

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Nundah
BrisbaneQueensland
Nundah skyline.jpg
Coordinates 27°24′07″S 153°03′58″E / 27.402°S 153.066°E / -27.402; 153.066Coordinates: 27°24′07″S 153°03′58″E / 27.402°S 153.066°E / -27.402; 153.066
Population 10,386 (2011)[1]
 • Density 2,890/km2 (7,470/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 4012
Area 3.6 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
LGA(s) City of Brisbane
(Northgate Ward)
State electorate(s) Clayfield, Nudgee
Federal Division(s) Lilley
Suburbs around Nundah:
Wavell Heights Virginia Northgate
Kedron Nundah Brisbane Airport
Wooloowin Clayfield Hendra

Nundah (previously called German Station) is an inner suburb in the city of Brisbane, Australia, approximately 8 kilometres north-east of the Brisbane central business district,[2] in the local government area of the City of Brisbane.

Prior to European settlement, Nundah was inhabited by Aboriginal people from the Turrbul tribe. Nundah is primarily a residential suburb, which straddles Sandgate Road, one of the major arterial roads of Brisbane's north. It was first settled by Europeans in the mid-19th century, although the suburb remained primarily a rural area until it was connected to Brisbane via railway in the 1880s.[3] Originally considered a working-class suburb, the area has become gentrified in recent years, and today features a mix of traditional worker's cottages and modern high-density apartment blocks. It is close to the Centro Shopping Centre. The name "Nundah" means "chain of water holes" in the local Aboriginal dialect.[4][5] This name is probably a reference to the nearby natural water sources at Kedron Brook and the marshy areas formerly to the east of the suburb.[6]

Geography[edit]

Nundah is a mixed-density residential suburb, with some light industry and a commercial retail area concentrated on Sandgate Road. It is adjacent to the suburbs of Clayfield, Northgate and Wavell Heights, and is dominated by a large ridge that runs from the northwest to the southeast. The "Nundah Village" shopping district and Nundah State School are on this ridge, while the Nundah Tunnel bisects it along Sandgate Road.[7]

The suburb includes the locality and formerly distinct suburb of Toombul, which is centered in the south of Nundah, around Sandgate Road. Various facilities in Nundah are named after this locality, including the large shopping centre Centro Toombul, Toombul Bus Station and the Toombul railway station.

Schulz Canal runs through Nundah, bisecting the Toombul Shopping Centre Carpark. The low elevation of the carpark makes it particularly susceptible to flash flooding during peak storm seasons - often claiming the cars of unwary shoppers inside the centre and those attempting to cross the Melton Road bridge. The estuary of the canal is a moderately popular recreational fishing spot.

History[edit]

Aboriginal history[edit]

Like most of Northern Brisbane,[8] the area around Nundah was dominated by the Turrbul tribe.[9] Their traditional coastal trade route passed through Nundah, near the modern-day Hedley Avenue. There are also many significant Aboriginal sites near Nundah, such as Dinah Island, which was reportedly the site of the last traditional Aboriginal burial in the Brisbane area.[9] There were a number of bora rings in the area, indicating that the Nundah area was densely populated by Aboriginal people before European settlers arrived.[10]

European settlement[edit]

German mission[edit]

Memorial to the German Missionaries erected in 1938 for the area's centennial

The first permanent European settlement in the area was a mission built in 1838 by German Lutheran missionaries,[11] under the guidance of Reverend Carl Wilhelm Schmidt and later Reverend Christoph Eipper with the aim of bringing Christianity to the local Aboriginal people.[12][13] They first called the area "Zion",[7] and the mission was located in the vicinity of the modern-day street "Walkers Way".[14] It later became "German Station". The explorer Dr. Ludwig Leichhardt visited the area in 1843, and spoke very highly of the mission, but despite this the mission met with limited success and was closed at the behest of the colonial government in 1846.[13] This first settlement is nonetheless commemorated with a monument at the corner of Sandgate Road and Wood Street unveiled in 1938 by the then Premier of Queensland William Forgan Smith. The names of these German settlers can be seen in the names of streets in Nundah and surrounding suburbs such as Rode Road and Gerler Road.

Growth of the village of German Station[edit]

A prominent local citizen who contributed significantly to the development of the village of German Station was George Bridges (1820–1898). George and his young family immigrated from Wilstead, Bedfordshire, England to Queensland in 1852 aboard the "Marie Somes". In 1855, he acquired 64 acres (260,000 m2) of land north of Buckland Road and east of Sandgate Road for farming. However as Sandgate became an increasingly popular holiday destination, the increasing volume of coach traffic along Sandgate Road encouraged him to open a hotel, which became a popular stop being roughly half-way between Brisbane and Sandgate. The first hotel was called the Kedron Hotel but the third and longest-running hotel was known as the Kedron Brook Hotel and was located alongside Sandgate Road (now Bage St) on the SW corner of his property. Emboldened by the success of his hotel ventures, George Bridges looked for other commercial opportunities. He observed that Sandgate Road at that time did a dog-leg around the SW corner of his property (along Buckland Road) which forced traffic to travel up and over Donkin's Hill. So he created a short-cut across the SW corner of his property that avoided the hill, which was much appreciated by the travellers, allowing George Bridges to sell off parcels of land along this new unofficial piece of Sandgate Road to commercial enterprises, which serviced both the travellers and the local farming community. This unofficial short-cut grew into the Nundah Village shopping street that exists today and eventually became the official route of Sandgate Road. Around 1872, George and his wife Mary retired to Burpengary and began to progressively sell off the land of their German Station property as the village developed.

Creation of the suburb of Nundah[edit]

German Station remained an agricultural area until the 1880s. In 1881, Queensland State Government purchased a strip of land across George Bridges's property to build a railway link between Brisbane and Sandgate. The railway opened in 1882 and resulted in a suburban residential construction boom on Brisbane's northside.[3] This urban sprawl was also encouraged by the Undue Subdivision of Land Prevention Act 1885, which mandated minimum lot sizes for new urban developments.[15] The village of German Station became known as a location where working-class families could obtain cheap housing on reasonably sized lots not too far from the city. George Bridges sold off his remaining land for residential development in the new suburb.

A railway station called "German" was created in 1882 (again on land originally owned by George Bridges), because they wanted the station to be called "German Station" rather than "German Station Station".[16] However, six weeks after the railway station opened, it was renamed "Nundah", derived from the Aboriginal name for the area.[17] In 1888, the name of the Post Office was also changed to Nundah,[18] signalling the renaming of the new suburb. However, the name "German Station" persisted for many years. For example, the German Station National School did not become Nundah State School until 1896. For many years it was common to find references to "Nundah" with the annotation "formerly German Station" in newspapers and advertisements, until the name "Nundah" was well established.

From 1890, Nundah was the seat of the Shire of Toombul, which was absorbed into the City of Greater Brisbane in 1925.[19][20] The Toombul Shire Hall still exists as a community centre.[20]

In 1909, Surrey Street in Nundah became the site of the first public housing dwelling in Queensland.[21] In the early twentieth century, Nundah became a major suburban centre, due to its location on Sandgate Road, one of Brisbane's busiest arterial roads, and the adjacent Nundah railway station. Sandgate Road and nearby streets were lined with shops, pubs, cinemas and other commercial premises.

The Shire of Toombul War Memorial was dedicated by the Governor of Queensland, Matthew Nathan, on 12 November 1921. The memorial commemorates who served in World War 1. It is located in Nundah Memorial Park (then known as Buckland Park) (27°24′10″S 153°03′31″E / 27.402890°S 153.058696°E / -27.402890; 153.058696 (Shire of Toombul War Memorial)).[22][23]

In 1926, George Walker suggested a monument be built to mark the beginnings of Nundah, which was unveiled by the Queensland Governor Sir Leslie Orme Wilson on 23 April 1938 as part of the First Free Settlers' Centenary Celebrations. This First Free Settlers Monument is listed in the Queensland Heritage Register.

Decline of Nundah[edit]

Nundah's commercial precinct suffered a precipitous decline from the 1970s with the construction of the nearby Westfield Shoppingtown (Later Centro) Toombul shopping centre.[24] Increasing motor traffic along Sandgate Road also reduced Nundah's appeal as a shopping precinct as it was difficult to park. Gradually many shops closed, and those that opened in their place were often "low-class" establishments such as pawn brokers, charity stores etc. that were unappealing to most shoppers, driving them increasingly to shop at Toombul.

Renewal of Nundah[edit]

However, in 2001 a road tunnel was constructed under nearby Bage Street, diverting through traffic away from the suburban centre. There was considerable popular support[25] to name the road tunnel after George Bridges in recognition of his contribution to the development of the district and the fact that the tunnel was located on his original land holding. However, the local member Liddy Clark would not support it for fear it would offend the Aboriginal community. In 2009 as part of Queenslands 150th Birthday Celebrations, the Nundah Bypass Tunnel was renamed "George Bridges Tunnel".[26]

In 2008 the Brisbane City Council suburban renewal programme has seen new art installations, cafés and commercial enterprises open in Nundah, creating a village-like atmosphere along the now-quiet Sandgate Road.[27] The suburb has now become popular among white collar workers seeking relatively inexpensive housing and apartments only a moderate distance from the Brisbane CBD. Since then, along with the rest of the city, housing prices in the area have skyrocketed, pricing most of the traditional working class out of the suburb.

Heritage listings[edit]

The Toombul Shire Hall is a heritage-listed building in Nundah.

Nundah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census the population of Nundah is 10,386, 50.6% female and 49.4% male.

The median/average age of the Nundah population is 34 years of age, 3 years below the Australian average.

66.4% of people living in Nundah were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 5.4%, India 4.4%, England 3.4%, Philippines 1.6%, China 1.2%.

78.4% of people speak English as their first language 1.4% Hindi, 1.3% Mandarin, 1% Punjabi, 0.8% Italian, 0.7% Tagalog.

Transport[edit]

Due to its inner-northern location, there are a variety of options for transport within the suburb. Both the Nundah City railway station and the Toombul City railway station are located within the suburb. Both of these railway stations are on both the Caboolture Line and the Shorncliffe railway line, giving both stations 15-minute frequencies throughout the day seven days a week. There are many council bus services that run through the area, including the 598/599 Great Circle Line.

The Nundah Bypass is a 285 metre long road tunnel, open to general traffic, that runs underneath the Nundah Village commercial area. Completed in 2001, it provides an alternative route to traffic travelling along Sandgate Road, allowing motorists to avoid the narrow streets of the village area, and reducing traffic congestion for local residents.[35]

Commerce[edit]

Nundah Village shopping centre

Nundah retails a traditional "shopping strip" commercial district, centered mainly along the section of Sandgate Road that has been bypassed by the Nundah Bypass.[35] There are plenty of cafes and specialty shops, as well as some medical facilities. There is also a small shopping centre anchored by a Woolworths supermarket, which was opened in mid-2007, containing over 200 parking spots, a Subway store, a Coffee Club, and numerous other small shops. There are proposals to relocate the Nundah Library into the Nundah Village district.[36] [37]

Politics[edit]

Nundah is in the federal electorate of Lilley.[38] The seat has been held by Wayne Swan of the Australian Labor Party since the 1998 federal election.[38] The suburb lies on the border between the state electorates of Clayfield (held by Liberal Tim Nicholls),[39][40] and Nudgee (held by LNP's Jason Woodforth).[41][42] Locally, the suburb is part of the Northgate Ward, held by Labor's Kim Flesser.[43]

In earlier times, it was part of the Nundah electorate, one of the historical Electoral districts of Queensland.

Toombul District Cricket Club[edit]

The cricket club is situated on the corner of Duke Street and York Street, directly across Duke Street from Nundah Train Station. It covers 3.5 hectares, and is bordered by York Street, Duke Street, Melton Road and Jenner Street. It was active as a cricket club prior to the station being built in 1882, and is the oldest sports club in Queensland.

Toombul is one of the most successful clubs in the history of Queensland club cricket, with 19 First Grade Premierships in its history. The club supports 6 senior grades, from First grade to Sixth grade, Under 18's, as well as a comprehensive junior club.

Toombul is widely regarded as one of the most social cricket clubs in Australia, with its group of supporters, The Toombul Faithful (or simply The Faithful) made up of former and current players, turning out in numbers to support the club in semi finals and finals. This adds to the club's reputation as a formidable opposition, both through the calibre of players that play for the club, and the ferocious support dealt out by The Faithful on unwary oppositions.

The Faithful's reputation is also advanced during the First Day of the Gabba Test when they join with Brothers Rugby Union Club to form the Pyjarmy Army. Through their chants, antics and sledges the Pyjarmy Army always attracts the maximum 'Gabba security presence.

The Toombul District Cricket Club and The Faithful have social ties with local businesses, particularly The Royal English Hotel and the Prince Of Wales Hotel, both in Nundah, The Bowler Bar in Fortitude Valley, and The Victory Hotel in the Brisbane CBD.

The song "Shimmer" by Fuel is a Toombul anthem, and is embraced as the unofficial song of the club by its players and supporters.

Notable players from Toombul over the years include Jeff Thomson, Ken Mackay, Colin McCool, Ron Oxenham, and Wally Grout.

People of Nundah[edit]

  • George Bridges, (1820–1898) pioneer farmer and developer
  • Thomas Bridges, (1853–1939) son of George Bridges, Member of the Legislative Assembly
  • Bob Bax, legendary coach of The Norths Brisbane first grade rugby league team which is based out of Bishop Park, Nundah and formerly Oxenham Park, Nundah. Bax coached the club to five of their historical six successive premiership victories between 1959 and 1964.
  • Bill Knox, (1927–2001) Member of the Legislative Assembly, Treasurer of Queensland
  • Irene Sweeney (Local Identity), Fanatical supporter of iconic Nundah-based rugby league team the Norths Devils. Also an avid Toombul cricket club fan.
  • Elizabeth Grace OAM (born 27 May 1940).OAM Citation: For service to the community of Nundah.
  • Meta Truscott Australian diarist

An index to people mentioned in the book “From Pioneering Days: Nundah Northgate Virginia” by Nundah & Districts Historical Society Inc can be found here. While many of the people listed are residents of the district, some people may have had only a peripheral involvement with it.

Landmarks[edit]

The Royal English Hotel

Parks[edit]

The Shire of Toombul War Memorial (Digger Memorial) at the Nundah Memorial Park
  • Albert Bishop Park - Amelia Street, Hedley Avenue and Nudgee Road, adjoining Schulz Canal
  • Boyd Park - Bage Street and Boyd, Park and Sandgate Roads
  • Carew Street - Brook and Carew Streets
  • Kalinga Park - Jackson and Kalinga Streets, Park Avenue and Sandgate Road, adjoining Schulz Canal
  • Nundah Memorial Park (formerly Buckland Park) - Buckland Road and Bage Street
  • Oxenham Park - Duke, Jenner and York Streets and Melton Road
  • Plaisted Place - Cavendish, Flower and Maynard Streets
  • Ross Park - Parkland Street and Sandgate Road, adjoining Schulz Canal
Nundah State School
  • Toombul Terrace - Bage, Gardner and Glenhill Streets, Hamson and Toombul Terraces and Royal Avenue
  • Upton Street - Upton Street, off London Street
  • Wood Street (Road Reserve) - Bage and Wood Streets and Sandgate Road

Educational institutions[edit]

Churches[edit]

Since the earliest days of the Zion's Hill mission, there have been a number of churches in the area. The Lutheran church continues to maintain a presence in the suburb, with a number of facilities, including St Paul's church, a childcare centre, and the Zion Retirement home clustered around the area near the corner of Buckland Road and Atthow Parade.

Other denominations also have a presence in the area, including the Catholic Church which has a combined church and girl's school on Bage Street. The Presbyterian, Baptist, Uniting and Anglican churches also have places of worship located within the suburb. Jehovah's Witnesses have a Kingdom Hall in the suburb, which is attended by both the Nundah and Clayfield congregations. Historically, the Methodist church and the Salvation Army also maintained churches in the area, although these are no longer active.

Community services[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Template:Census 2011 AU
  2. ^ "Brisbane Suburb Home: Nundah". OurBrisbane. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  3. ^ a b Madonna King (31 March 2006). "Local History - Sandgate". ABC Brisbane. abc.net.au. Archived from the original on 2008-01-07. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  4. ^ "Origin of Brisbane Suburb Names". Our Indooroopilly. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  5. ^ "NOMENCLATURE OF QUEENSLAND—229.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 24 June 1936. p. 14. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "Nundah and Toombul". Northgate Ward. Archived from the original on 2007-03-28. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  7. ^ a b "Bikeway to fill missing link". Northgate Ward. January 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  8. ^ "The North Pine Clan". Pine Rivers State High School. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  9. ^ a b "Historical Events". Nundah and Districts Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-23. 
  10. ^ Tilston, John (2005). Meanjin to Brisvegas: Brisbane Comes of Age. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-4116-5216-3. 
  11. ^ These missionaries were:
  12. ^ Lack, Clem (1959). Triumph in the Tropics: An Historical Sketch of Queensland. Brisbane: Smith & Paterson. 
  13. ^ a b Jupp, James (2002). The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, its People and their Origins. Cambridge University Press. p. 369. ISBN 978-0-521-80789-0. 
  14. ^ "Early History of Nundah". Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  15. ^ P.R. Skinner (March 2004). "When a little is a Lot: an architect’s view" (PDF). Queensland Planner. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  16. ^ "[COMMUNICATED.] A SCENE IN THE HOUSE.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864-1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 22 July 1882. p. 7. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  17. ^ From Pioneering Days, Nundah, Northgate, Virginia. Nundah & Districts Historical Society Inc, Brisbane. 2002. 
  18. ^ "LOCAL GOVERNMENT.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864-1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 8 March 1888. p. 5. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Toombul Shire Hall (Former)". Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2008-01-28. [dead link]
  20. ^ a b "History of Nundah". OurBrisbane. Archived from the original on 2007-09-22. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  21. ^ "Early 1900s: The Workers’ Dwellings Branch". Department of Housing. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  22. ^ "The Shire of Toombul War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  23. ^ "TOOMBUL WAR MEMORIAL.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 19 November 1921. p. 18. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  24. ^ "Chapter Two - 1960 - 1970 - Determination, Drive, and Debentures" (PDF). Westfield Group. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  25. ^ Letter to Dept of Main Roads from Nundah & Districts Historical Society, 1 May 2001
  26. ^ Wallace, Craig. "Local pioneer honoured in Q150 celebrations - Thursday, November 19, 2009". Ministerial Media statements. Queensland Government. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  27. ^ Kim Flesser. "Another boost to Nundah's renewal". Northgate Ward. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  28. ^ "Corpus Christi Church (entry 16223)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  29. ^ "Nundah Cemetery (entry 15046)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  30. ^ "First Free Settlers Monument (entry 16662)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  31. ^ "Nundah Air Raid Shelter (entry 19605)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  32. ^ "Toombul Shire Hall (former) (entry 15047)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  33. ^ "Workers' Dwelling No.1 (entry 15048)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  34. ^ "Nundah Fire Station (former) (entry 16855)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  35. ^ a b "Nundah Bypass". Arup. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  36. ^ Flesser, Kim. "Banyo Library, Nundah Library: Speech to Brisbane City Council – Tuesday 17th February 2009". Northgate Ward, Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  37. ^ Flesser, Kim. "Toombul/Nundah District Neighbourhood Plan: Edited Speech – Brisbane City Council meeting 7th June 2011". Northgate Ward, Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  38. ^ a b "Lilley". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  39. ^ "Clayfield" (PDF). Queensland Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  40. ^ "Tim Nicholls MP". Queensland Coalition. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  41. ^ "Nudgee" (PDF). Queensland Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  42. ^ "2012 State General Election - Nudgee - District Summary". Electoral Commission Queensland. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  43. ^ "Cr Kim Flesser". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 2008-01-28. [dead link]
  44. ^ "NEW STREET NAMES.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 December 1938. p. 3. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 

External links[edit]