Nung language (Tai)
|970,000 (2009 census)|
Nùng is a Tai–Kadai language spoken mostly in Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces in Vietnam. It is also known as Bu-Nong, Highland Nung, Nong, Tai Nung, Tay, and Tày Nùng. Nung is the name given to the various Tai languages of northern Vietnam that are spoken by peoples classified as Nùng by the Vietnamese government.
In the 1999 census, it had about 850,000 speakers.
- Nùng Phạn Slinh is spoken in eastern Lạng Sơn Province.
- Nùng Cháo is spoken around Lạng Sơn city. It is identical with William J. Gedney's Lungchow.
- Nùng Inh is spoken in western Lạng Sơn Province. It is identical with William J. Gedney's Western Nung of Mường Khương, Lào Cai Province.
- Nùng An is spoken in and around Quảng Uyên, Quảng Hòa District, Cao Bằng. Like the Long'an (隆安) speakers of Guangxi, it has a mixture of Northern and Central Tai features.
- Nùng Giang is spoken in Hà Quảng District, Cao Bằng. It is also spoken across the border in Pingmeng (平孟镇), Jingxi County, Guangxi, where it is known as Yang Zhuang.
Nùng Vên (En), a language formerly undistinguished from its surrounding Central Tai dialects, was discovered to be a Kra language by Hoàng Văn Ma and Jerold A. Edmondson in 1998. Its speakers are classified as Nùng by the Vietnamese government.
There is an ISO proposal to assign Nùng An its own code as a Northern Tai language.
- Nùng at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Nung (Viet Nam)". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Edmondson, Jerold A., Solnit, David B. (eds). 1997. Comparative Kadai: the Tai branch. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
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