Nunu Kumba is one of 180 woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Misraq Welega Zone, Nunu Kumba is bordered on the southwest by the Didessa River which separates it from the Illubabor Zone, on the northwest by Jimma Arjo, on the north by Guto Wayu, on the northeast by Wama Bonaya, and on the southeast by the Wama which separates it from the Jimma Zone. The administrative center of this woreda is Nunu.
The altitude of this woreda ranges from 1500 to 2664 meters above sea level; Mount Kaba, Mount Modo and Mount Imatu are some of the highest peaks. Rivers include the Negesso, Jawero, Sifa, Gindo and Jejeba. A survey of the land in this woreda shows that 75.9% is arable or cultivable (32.4% under annual crops), 10.9% pasture, 4.9% forest, and the remaining 8.3% is considered swampy, mountainous or otherwise unusable. Tobacco, niger seed and sesame are important cash crops.
There were 11 Farmers Associations with 8336 members and 8 Farmers Service Cooperatives with 3558 members in this woreda. Nunu Kumba has 14.3 kilometers of dry weather road and no all-weather road, for an average of road density of 23.55 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. About 6% of the total population has access to drinking water.
This woreda was selected by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2004 as one of several areas for voluntary resettlement for farmers from overpopulated areas in the Misraq Welega Zone. Together with Amuru Jarte, Bila Seyo, Gida Kiremu, Ibantu, Jimma Arjo and Limmu, Nunu Kumba became the new home for a total of 22,462 heads of households and 112,310 total family members.
The 2007 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 64,775, of whom 31,817 were men and 32,958 were women; 4,842 or 7.48% of its population are urban dwellers. The majority of the inhabitants observed Protestantism, with 55.29% reporting that as their religion, while 25.2% observed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and 19.29% were Moslem.
Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 63,171, of whom 32,602 are men and 30,569 are women; 3,269 or 5.17% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 13.9%. With an estimated area of 607.19 square kilometers, Nunu Kumba has an estimated population density of 104 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 81.4.
The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 45,421, of whom 22,091 were men and 23,330 women; 1,830 or 4.03% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The two largest ethnic groups reported in Nunu Kumba were the Oromo (98.88%), and the Amhara (1.06%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.06% of the population. Oromiffa was spoken as a first language by 99.89% of the population. The majority of the inhabitants were Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 55.76% of the population reporting they observed this belief, while 25.4% of the population said they were Protestant, and 17.71% were Moslem.
- Socio-economic profile of the East Wellega Zone Government of Oromia Region (last accessed 1 August 2006)
- "Resettlement 2004", Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (accessed 26 November 2006)
- 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1, Tables 2.1, 2.5, 3.4 (accessed 13 January 2012)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.13, 2.16, 2.20 (accessed 6 April 2009)