Nunziatella military academy
The way as youth is here educated has no equal in the whole of Europe. Philosophy, patriotism, and experience would not have been able to conceive or carry more noble institution to form the temperament, reason, heart and all the knowledge required to military.—Giuseppe Maria Galanti
|Nunziatella Military Academy|
|Motto||Preparo Alla Vita Ed Alle Armi|
|Type||Military Academy / Military Preparatory School|
|Students||future officer corps|
|Campus||"Rosso Maniero", e.g. "Red Manor" on Chiatamone cliff facing Chiaia, Mergellina and Posillipo.|
The "Nunziatella" Military School of Naples, Italy, founded November 18, 1787 under the name of Royal Military Academy, is the oldest military school in the world among those still operating without interruption; as well as the oldest Italian institution of military education among those still operating. Its building, familiarly called "Red Manor" (it.: Rosso Maniero), and the adjacent church of the Santissima Annunziata, is an architectural monument of the city of Naples.
Located in Pizzofalcone in via Generale Parisi, 16, it was a place of high military and civilian training since its foundation, and had among its teachers and students the likes of Francesco de Sanctis, Mariano d'Ayala, Carlo Pisacane, Guglielmo Pepe, Enrico Cosenz and even a king of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele III, and a Viceroy of Italian East Africa, Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta.
Among the many alumni of prestige, high degrees of the Armed Forces, including 1 Director of the European Union Military Committee, 2 Chiefs of Defence Staff, 4 Army Chiefs of Staff, 2 Navy Chiefs of Staff, 1 Air Chief of Staff, 2 Commanders General of the Guardia di Finanza (and 2 Vicecommanders), 8 Vicecommanders of the Carabinieri and two Directors-General of the Information Services need to be cited. As for the civilian alumni, 3 Prime Ministers, 14 Ministers, 13 senators and 11 deputies of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Kingdom of Italy and the Italian Republic, a President of the Constitutional Court, as well as representatives of absolute importance of the cultural, political and professional Italian and international landscape, including a winner of the prestigious Sonning Prize, awarded to the most important European intellectuals, have to be remembered.
The flag of the school is decorated with a Gold Cross of Merit of the Carabinieri, and a Bronze Medal at the value of the Army. His former students have earned 38 gold medals, 147 silver medals and 220 bronze medals for military valor; 1 gold medal for civil valor; and numerous other awards for valor. A total of 21 of them are decorated with the Military Order of Italy and 56 of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
For its role in the last three centuries "in the field of higher education, as a academic, social and economic motor for Italy and all the Mediterranean countries linked to it", on February 22, 2012 it was declared "Historical and cultural heritage of the Mediterranean countries" by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean. The School is also the winner of the Cypraea Prize for Science (1994) and the Mediterranean Award awarded by the Fondazione Mediterraneo (2012).
The academy was founded by Ferdinand IV in 1787 to train the officer corps for the Kingdom of Naples. The academy was installed in a pre-existing building from 1588, originally built for Anna Mendozza Marchesana della Valle, a noblewoman who then gave the building to the Jesuit Order. The premises served in a religious capacity until the Jesuits were banned from the kingdom in the mid-18th century.
Since the unification of Italy in 1861, the academy has remained a military preparatory school that has turned out officers for the kingdom and, later, republic of Italy. In more modern times the academy has encouraged graduates to pursue careers other than military.
The most illustrious student ever to attend Nunziatella was the future king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III. In addition, Nunziatella gave to Italy a high number of Prime Ministers, Ministers, a President of the Constitutional Court, and a huge number of top-ranked officers of the Italian Armed Forces, including Rolando Mosca Moschini, chief of the European Union Military Committee.
Mehmet Shehu, Albanian communist prime minister for 28 years was a graduate of this school. He has been recognized as an instrumental strategist in the victory of communists in Albania.
Eugenio Barba, Italian author and theatre director based in Denmark.
- Giuseppe Maria Galanti (1792) Breve descrizione della città di Napoli e del suo contorno. Gabinetto Letterario, Napoli. http://books.google.it/books?id=KWc5AAAAcAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=it#v=onepage&q&f=false
- Appello della Nunziatella per tutelare l'Istituto Italiano per gli studi Filosofici, il Mattino, 5 ottobre 2012
- Nunziatella: appello per l'Istituto Italiano Studi Filosofici, Virgilio Napoli, 6 ottobre 2012
- The name derives from the colour of its external walls, which make it clearly visible on Naples' skyline.