Nuoism (Chinese: 傩教; pinyin: Nuó jiào) or simply Nuo cult(ure) (傩文化) or Nuo (simplified Chinese: 傩; traditional Chinese: 儺, "binding by oath", "exorcise") is a practice found in some varieties of the Chinese folk religion, as well as in Shinto (Japanese: 追儺 oniyarai) and in Sinism (Korean: 나례 nalye). It is especially important in the Chinese folk religion of the Tujia people and other ethnic groups of China.
Nuo religion revolves around the worship of gods represented by characteristic wooden masks and idols; these gods include ancestors and tutelary gods of nature. Ritual performances (Nuo opera) carried out by circles of ritualists wearing masks of the gods are central to this type of religion.
Scholars have observed how the status of Nuo religion in China has changed from an unrecognised and hindered culture before the 1980s, to an officially endorsed religion nowadays. The revival of Nuoism has been developed by the Chinese government as a matrix of ethnic identification of the Tujia nation.
Nuo ceremonies (傩仪/儺儀) for the gods include Nuo dances (傩舞/儺舞), Nuo songs (傩歌/儺歌), Nuo sacrifices (傩祭) and the Nuo opera (傩戏/儺戲).
- Lan Li, 2010.
- Lan Li, 2003.
- Lan Li. Nuo (傩): The New Role of Popular Religion in Modern Chinese Politics. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Limited. 2012.
- Lan Li. The Changing Role of the Popular Religion of Nuo (傩) in Modern Chinese Politics. Modern Asian Studies (Impact Factor: 0.36). 01/2010; 44(02):1-23. DOI:10.1017/S0026749X10000090
- Lan Li. The Reinvention of the Nuo Religion of the Tujia's Ethnic Identity and Identification. Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 2003.
- Lan Li (2008). Reinvention of the Belief - An Anthropological Study of the Chinese Popular Religion of Nuo. Kunming: Yunnan People’s Publisher.
- Lan Li (2009). Who Controls the Fate of An ICH – A Case Study of Nuo (儺) in Southwest China, in Ségio Lira, Rogério Amoê, Cristina Prinheiro & Fernando Oliveira (ed.), Sharing Culture 2009, Barcelos: Green Lines Instituto para o Desenvolvimento Sustentâvel.