Nureddin al-Atassi

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Nureddin al-Atassi
نور الدين الأتاسي
Nureddin Atassi.jpg
Secretary General of the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
In office
March 1966 – 17 November 1970
Preceded by Munif al-Razzaz
(head of unitary Ba'ath Party)
Succeeded by Hafez al-Assad
Regional Secretary of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch
In office
March 1966 – 13 November 1970
Deputy Salah Jadid
Preceded by Amin al-Hafiz
(Last Regional Command dissolved in December 1965)
Succeeded by Hafez al-Assad
Member of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch
In office
March 1966 – 17 November 1970
In office
5 September 1963 – 19 December 1965
President of Syria
In office
25 February 1966 – 17 October 1970
Preceded by Amin al-Hafiz
Succeeded by Ahmad al-Khatib
Prime Minister of Syria
In office
29 October 1968 – 17 October 1970
Preceded by Yusuf Zu'ayyin
Succeeded by Hafez al-Assad
Personal details
Born 1929
Homs, Syria
Died 3 December 1992 (aged 63)
Paris, France
Political party Ba'ath Party
Religion Sunni Islam

Noureddin Mustafa Ali al-Atassi (1929 – 3 December 1992) (Arabic: نور الدين بن محمد علي الأتاسي Nūr ad-Dīn Muṣṭafā al-'Atasī) was President of Syria from February 1966 to November 1970.

Early life and education[edit]

Atassi was born in Homs in 1929.[1]

Career[edit]

Atassi was a medical doctor by training, and in that capacity aided the Algerian forces against the French in the Algerian War of Independence. Though a long-time ideologue of the powerful Baath Party Atassi became its General Secretary as well as President of the Republic in 1966.[2] He was considered to be largely a ceremonial figurehead, with real power vested in the Deputy General Secretary, Salah Jadid. In 1970, he was deposed along with Salah Jadid in a coup by Hafez al-Assad, his defense minister.[3]

Arrest and death[edit]

Atassi was put under house arrest without trial.[4] Then he was transferred to the Mezze military prison in Damascus where he lived from 1970 to 1992.[2] After 22-year imprisonment, he was released and flown to France to receive medical treatment at the expense of the French government. He arrived Paris on 22 November 1992 and died at a hospital in December 1992.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atassi, Nureddin (Mustafa) al-". Rulers. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Nureddin al-Atassi, 63; Former Syria President". The New York Times. p. 27. 
  3. ^ "Nureddin Atassi; Ex-President of Syria, Toppled in Coup". The Los Angeles Times. 5 December 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Further information on medical letter writing action- Syria: Dr Nour al-Din al-Atassi and others". 7 December 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2010.