Nuremberg Airport

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Nuremberg Airport
Flughafen Nürnberg
NUE Flughafen Nuernberg Luftaufnahme 2009.jpg
IATA: NUEICAO: EDDN
NUE is located in Bavaria
NUE
NUE
Location of airport in Bavaria
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH
Serves Nuremberg, Germany
Elevation AMSL 1,046 ft / 319 m
Coordinates 49°29′55″N 011°04′41″E / 49.49861°N 11.07806°E / 49.49861; 11.07806 (Nuremberg Airport)Coordinates: 49°29′55″N 011°04′41″E / 49.49861°N 11.07806°E / 49.49861; 11.07806 (Nuremberg Airport)
Website airport-nuernberg.de
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,700 8,858 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 3,3 Mio.[1]
Source: List of the busiest airports in Europe, German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Nuremberg Airport (German: Flughafen Nürnberg) (IATA: NUEICAO: EDDN) is the international airport of the Franconian metropolitan area of Nuremberg and the second-busiest airport in Bavaria. With about 3.3 million passengers handled in 2013, it is Germany's 10th biggest airport. It is located approximately 5 km north of Nuremberg's city centre and offers about 50 nonstop destinations in Germany and Europe, especially touristic destinations at the Mediterranean Sea, on the Canary Islands and in Egypt.[3]

History[edit]

First years[edit]

1970: The first Boeing 747 in Nuremberg
Aerial shot from the mid-1980s

Nuremberg Airport was the first newly constructed airport in Germany after World War II. It was inaugurated on 6 April 1955.

In 1960, the number of passengers to be welcomed at Nuremberg Airport reached 100.000 for the first time and in 1961 the runway was extended from 1.900 to 2.300 metres. In 1968, the runway was extended once again to its present length of 2.700 metres (8,858 ft). With this, the airport complied with the requirements for the landing of a jumbo jet. On 12 July 1970, a Boeing 747 touched down in Nuremberg for the first time and attracted 20.000 visitors.

The apron was enlarged in 1977 and in 1981 a new passenger terminal with an observation deck and a restaurant replaced the building used up to that point. In December 1986, the one million passenger mark was passed for the first time.

Development from the 1990s[edit]

In 1997/98, the winter hub of Air Berlin was established at Nuremberg Airport making it the second most important touristic interchange airport of the airline, next to Palma de Mallorca.

The new control tower commenced operations in 1999 and the metro station was opened as well. In 2002, the departure hall 2 was extended and a year later the cargo centre CCN2 with 6500 m² storage area and 4600 m² office space was inaugurated after one and a half years of construction time.

In 2005, Nuremberg Airport celebrated its 50th anniversary with 45,000 visitors. The new transfer control terminal with a floor space of 8500 m² and a new main gate (Tor 1) were completed a year later in 2006. In addition, a fully automatic luggage sorting system was launched.

Nuremberg Airport has been voted "Best German Airport" by readers of the Business Traveller magazine consecutively since 2008.[4][5]

In April 2013, Air Berlin permanently shut down its winter seasonal hub in Nuremberg which had been maintained several years until then.[6]

Facilities[edit]

Capacity[edit]

The airport is ranked 10th among German airports with about four million passengers and more than 100.000 tons of cargo handled per year. 67,720 flight movements were counted in 2011. It is operational 24 hours a day and features no slot restrictions.

Runway[edit]

The runway 10/28 is 2,700 by 45 m (8,858 by 148 ft).[2] Takeoff and landing of all current aircraft, including widebody aircraft (e.g. Boeing 747) or cargo planes (e.g. Antonov An-124) are possible. However, Nuremberg Airport is not licensed for Airbus A380.

Since July 2009, the runway is being refurbished gradually in several phases. The surfaces of the runway and taxiways are renovated and latest technology, a new flare-path, drainage channels and a new electric ring surrounding the entire runway have been added. In 2010, the runway was shortened to 2.300 meters temporarily since all work is done during operation. In 2011, work on the centerpiece of the runway began. The completion is scheduled for 2015.

The apron is 246,845 m2 (2,657,020 sq ft) in space and provides parking positions for 37 planes.

Terminal[edit]

Apron overview
Landside area at Nuremberg Airport
Departure area at Nuremberg Airport

The passenger terminal consists of 2 departure halls and 1 arrival hall which are all linked landside and airside. The check-in area features 40 desks.

The extension of departure hall 2 was inaugurated on 30 April 1992 and was originally dimensioned for 2.8 million passengers per year. Now there is room for 5 million passengers per year. Daylight dominates the transparent construction made of steel and glass drafted by Nuremberg architects Grabow and Hoffmann. The construction phase took three years and cost about 100 million Deutsche Mark. The extension of the apron was included in the building costs as well as and three modern air bridges. Today, there are five finger docks available.

On 25 January 2007 the newest addition, the Transfer-Control-Terminal (TCT) was opened. It not only serves as a capacity extension but it also allows for new legislation concerning security measures: since EU Regulation 2320/2002 airports have to make sure that non-EU passengers are controlled before continuing their trip to countries of the European Union and don't get mixed up with passengers, who have already been checked.

Cargo center[edit]

In 1987, Cargo Center Nuremberg (CCN) was put into operation. When the Cold War ended and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Nuremberg won back its central location in Europe. As a consequence Nuremberg Airport and air freight quickly gained in importance in the 1990s.

Nuremberg is also the economic and service metropolis of Northern Bavaria with approximately 150.000 companies and enterprises taking advantage of the locality of Nuremberg as a traffic junction of highways and railroads. The region's export share of 42% is remarkably high and above German average. In addition several headquarters of internationally operating companies are located in the region, for example Siemens, Adidas, Bosch, Puma or Faber-Castell.

Due to the positive trend, Cargo Center II (CCN II) was built in 2003. Today, almost 13,317 m2 (143,340 sq ft) storage space and 7000 m² office space are available at Nuremberg Airport. 107,123 tons of cargo were handled in 2010.

Tower[edit]

The Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS), who is in charge of air traffic control for Germany, moved into the 48-meter (157 ft) high tower in November 1998. The control tower at Nuremberg Airport was drafted by architect Günther Behnisch and has become the architectural landmark of the airport with its dynamic silhouette. It was built because the original control tower with the height of 18 meters was no longer high enough for the growing airport. The total costs for this project amounted to approximately 30 million Deutsche Mark.

Parking[edit]

There are about 8,000 car parking spaces available at Nuremberg Airport. Apart from three parking garages, there are various parking lots in close vicinity to the terminals. The newest facility is parking garage P3 with seven levels and 2,200 parking spaces. Depending on the parking time there are different tariffs to choose from, for example "BusinessParken" (business parking) or "UrlauberParken" (holiday parking).[7] Nuremberg Airport also offers valet parking with additional services, like refueling, car wash, maintenance or safekeeping of valuables. All parking facilities are maximally 5 minutes of walking distance away from the terminals. There are short-term parking spots directly on the airport forecourt in front of the terminals.

Fire and rescue service[edit]

The fire department at Nuremberg Airport is equipped with specialized fire apparatus and a modern vehicle fleet, including several airfield fire trucks, tank tenders, swap body vehicles and ambulance vehicles. The fire alarm system on the site includes 1600 automatic fire alarms and 600 personal attack buttons.

Due to the organizational structure and daily training and simulation, vehicles are on their way to the scene of the accident or the fire ground 30 seconds at the latest after the alarm was triggered and reach anywhere at the airport in less than 3 minutes. The fire department is in attendance 24/7.

Air rescue[edit]

Nuremberg Airport also serves as a center for the air rescue services Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht e.V (DRF) and HDM Flugservice who are operating a rescue helicopter and an intensive care helicopter, respectively. Furthermore, several air ambulance jets of ADAC and Flight Ambulance International (FAI)[8] are based in Nuremberg.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens, Thessaloniki
Air Berlin Antalya, Berlin-Tegel, Djerba, Düsseldorf, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hurghada, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lanzarote, Malta, Olbia, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos, Split, Thessaloniki
Air France
operated by HOP!
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Germanwings Berlin-Tegel, Hamburg
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt (ends 27 October 2014),[9] Munich
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Izmir
Ryanair London-Stansted
Seasonal: Alicante, Málaga
SunExpress Antalya
Seasonal: Izmir, Heraklion
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich
TUIfly Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Kos, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Bucharest (begins 26 October 2014), Cluj-Napoca (begins 1 October 2014)[10]

Statistics[edit]

2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Aircraft movements 70,778 71,217 76,768 81,082 78,043 76,111 71,818 73,233 77,854
Passengers 4,073,819 3,969,857 4,274,222 4,244,115 3,965,357 3,847,646 3,653,569 3,296,267 3,213,444
Scheduled Passengers 2,154,170 2,054,635 2,266,716 n.a. 1,923,381 1,606,065 1,395,920 1,304,371 n.a.
Charter Passengers 1,844,593 1,850,654 1,942,701 n.a. 1,960,005 2,163,271 2,160,934 1,916,526 n.a.
Air freight and mail (metric tons) 97,421 80,158 104,607 107,982 98,264 80,665 71,578 69,435 69,875
Employees n.a. 4,083 4,083 n.a. 4,200 4,070 3,958 3,791 3,769

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro[edit]

Nuremberg Airport metro station

The U-Bahn (Metro) line U2 connects the airport with the centre of the city every 10 to 15 minutes. The ride to the Hauptbahnhof (Central Railway Station) and the nearby Altstadt (historic old town) only takes 12 minutes.

Car[edit]

Nuremberg Airport is located 5 km (3.1 mi) north[2] of the city centre. It is accessible via nearby Motorway A 3, which connects to Motorway A 9 as well as Motorways A 73 and A 6. Taxis are available around the clock and take around 15 minutes to get to the city centre. Furthermore, rental car companies Avis, Hertz, Europcar and Sixt are located in the arrival hall.

Bus[edit]

A bus stop is located centrally in front of terminal 1 (entrance to departure hall 2). Bus number 32 connects the airport with bus and tram stop Thon between 5 a.m and 12 a.m.

Because of the airport's close-in location and its direct connections to local streets, it is also possible to walk or ride a bicycle from nearby neighborhoods right up to the terminal.

Environment[edit]

In addition to developing strategies to reduce noise pollution the department also implements regular measurements of air pollutants and soil analyses. In 2003, a biomonitoring campaign with honey bees was launched at the airport.[11]

The water collected on the 70 ha of sealed or covered areas is being filtered and analyzed before it gets fed into receiving water courses, to prevent pollution due to oils or fuels. If the analyzed TOC value is above the threshold level, the water is discharged into the sewerage. Over the years, surface and aircraft de-icing fluids have been replaced by substances with higher biodegradability.

Expansion plans[edit]

Airport Business Center[edit]

In 2009, a decision has been reached that a new hotel with conference rooms and offices will be built at the airport roundabout. ConTech GmbH and the architect's office Christ, both from Nuremberg, will realize the project with investor ZBI.[12]

Motorway access[edit]

A direct access to motorway A3 has been in the process of planning for a while now. A direct route to the airport with a tunnel under the runway to reduce traffic through city district Ziegelstein is favored and spatial planning has already been completed. However, further planning has been delayed until 2013 as environmental organization Bund Naturschutz and alliance Nein zur Flughafen-Nordanbindung! are vehemently arguing against the plans.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Literature[edit]

Bernd Windsheimer: 50 Jahre Airport Nürnberg 1955–2005. Geschichte der Luftfahrt in Nürnberg, Nürnberg 2005

External links[edit]

Media related to Nuremberg Airport at Wikimedia Commons