|Member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet|
17 December 1957 – 17 October 1961
|Born||19 November [O.S. 6 February] 1917
Allan (near Tashkent), Russian Empire
|Died||27 August 2008
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Nuritdin Mukhitdinov (Russian: Нуритди́н Акра́мович Мухитди́нов; 6(19) November 1917 – 27 August 2008) was a Soviet politician. Between 1957 and 1961 he was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, significantly contributing to its relations with the Soviet republics and foreign countries in Asia. He was also the Soviet ambassador to Syria between 1968 and 1977.
Mukhitdinov was born in the village Allan near Tashkent in a family of Uzbek farmers. After finishing an Uzbek-language school, in 1934 he was sent to a University of Trade in Moscow. He graduated in 1938 and worked in the Communist Party system, first at a factory in Bukhara, Uzbekistan, and then with the Soviet Army in Ukraine. During World War II he participated in combat and was wounded at the Battle of Stalingrad. He was demobilized in 1946 to assume various party posts in Uzbekistan. In 1948 he became a deputy of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the next year was awarded the Order of Lenin. His party career became volatile in the 1950s. Mukhitdinov was officially reprimanded three times in 1951 by Joseph Stalin for poor management of cotton collection in Uzbekistan; nevertheless, in 1953, Stalin recommended him for election to the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Later in the same year, after the death of Stalin, Mukhitdinov was demoted by Lavrentiy Beria from the post of the Head of the Presidium of the Supreme Uzbekistan.
His career went up after the removal of Beria in December 1953. Mukhitdinov was reinstated at the Head of Presidium of the Supreme Uzbekistan. He opposed the attempted demotion of Nikita Khrushchev in 1957, and in return Khrushchev recommended him to the Supreme Soviet, where he was responsible for Central Asia, both within and beyond the USSR. However, by the end of 1950s, Mukhitdinov developed strong disagreements on planning policies with leading party members such as Mikhail Suslov, Anastas Mikoyan, Frol Kozlov, and later with Khrushchev himself. For example, Mukhitdinov opposed the proposal by Khrushchev to remove the remains of Stalin from the Mausoleum. As a consequence, in 1961 he was demoted from the Supreme Soviet and was on the verge of expulsion from the Central Committee, and only his popularity in the native Uzbekistan spared his party career. He retained his international activities and in 1968-1977 served as the ambassador to Syria, eventually receiving the Order of Friendship. After retirement in 1985 he returned to native Tashkent, where he worked as a government adviser, wrote several books, and died in 2008.