is a Nuttalliella namaqua tick found in southern Africa from Tanzania to Namibia and South Africa, which is placed in its own family, [2 ] Nuttalliellidae. It can be distinguished from [3 ] ixodid ticks and argasid ticks by a combination of characteristics including the position of the stigmata, lack of setae, strongly corrugated integument, and form of the fenestrated plates. It is the most [4 ] basal lineage of ticks. [5 ]
History [ edit ]
The first description by
G.A.H. Bedford in 1931 was based upon a single female collected under a stone at Kamieskroon, in Little Namaqualand, by Dr R.F. Lawrence in October 1930. [6 ]
References [ edit ]
^ G. A. H. Bedford (1931). " Nuttalliella namaqua, a new genus and species of tick". Parasitology 23 (2): 230–232. doi: 10.1017/S0031182000013573.
^ James E. Keirans, Carleton M. Clifford, Harry Hoogstraal & Emmett R. Easton (1976). "Discovery of . Nuttalliella namaqua Bedford (Acarina: Ixodoidea: Nuttalliellidae) in Tanzania and redescription of the female based on scanning electron microcopy" Annals of the Entomological Society of America 69 (5): 926–932.
^ Alberto A. Guglielmone, Richard G. Robbins, Dmitry A. Apanaskevich, Trevor N. Petney, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Ivan G. Horak, Renfu Shao & Stephen C. Barker (2010). "The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid species names" ( PDF). Zootaxa 2528: 1–28.
^ Mohamed A. Roshdy, Harry Hoogstraal, Abdulelah A. Banaja & Samir M. El Shoura (1983). " Nuttalliella namaqua (Ixodoidea: Nuttalliellidae): spiracle structure and surface morphology". Parasitology Research 69 (6): 817–821. doi: 10.1007/BF00927431.
^ Ben J. Mans, Daniel de Klerk, Ronel Pienaar & Abdalla A. Latif (2011). ". In Oliveira, Pedro Lagerblad. Nuttalliella namaqua: a living fossil and closest relative to the ancestral tick lineage: implications for the evolution of blood-feeding in ticks" PLoS ONE 6 (8): e23675. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023675.
^ Bedford, G.A.H. (1931): " ". Nuttalliella namaqua, a new genus and species of tick Parasitology 23 (2): 230-232. doi: 10.1017/S0031182000013573