Nuttalliella

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nuttalliella namaqua
Nuttalliella namaqua cropped.png
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Superorder: Parasitiformes
Order: Ixodida
Family: Nuttalliellidae
Schulze, 1935
Genus: Nuttalliella
Bedford, 1931
Species: N. namaqua
Binomial name
Nuttalliella namaqua
Bedford, 1931 [1]

Nuttalliella namaqua is a tick found in southern Africa from Tanzania to Namibia and South Africa,[2] which is placed in its own family, Nuttalliellidae.[3] It can be distinguished from ixodid ticks and argasid ticks by a combination of characteristics including the position of the stigmata, lack of setae, strongly corrugated integument, and form of the fenestrated plates.[4] It is the most basal lineage of ticks.[5]

History[edit]

The first description by G.A.H. Bedford in 1931 was based upon a single female collected under a stone at Kamieskroon, in Little Namaqualand, by Dr R.F. Lawrence in October 1930.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. A. H. Bedford (1931). "Nuttalliella namaqua, a new genus and species of tick". Parasitology 23 (2): 230–232. doi:10.1017/S0031182000013573. 
  2. ^ James E. Keirans, Carleton M. Clifford, Harry Hoogstraal & Emmett R. Easton (1976). "Discovery of Nuttalliella namaqua Bedford (Acarina: Ixodoidea: Nuttalliellidae) in Tanzania and redescription of the female based on scanning electron microcopy". Annals of the Entomological Society of America 69 (5): 926–932. 
  3. ^ Alberto A. Guglielmone, Richard G. Robbins, Dmitry A. Apanaskevich, Trevor N. Petney, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Ivan G. Horak, Renfu Shao & Stephen C. Barker (2010). "The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid species names" (PDF). Zootaxa 2528: 1–28. 
  4. ^ Mohamed A. Roshdy, Harry Hoogstraal, Abdulelah A. Banaja & Samir M. El Shoura (1983). "Nuttalliella namaqua (Ixodoidea: Nuttalliellidae): spiracle structure and surface morphology". Parasitology Research 69 (6): 817–821. doi:10.1007/BF00927431. 
  5. ^ Ben J. Mans, Daniel de Klerk, Ronel Pienaar & Abdalla A. Latif (2011). "Nuttalliella namaqua: a living fossil and closest relative to the ancestral tick lineage: implications for the evolution of blood-feeding in ticks". In Oliveira, Pedro Lagerblad. PLoS ONE 6 (8): e23675. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023675. 
  6. ^ Bedford, G.A.H. (1931): "Nuttalliella namaqua, a new genus and species of tick". Parasitology 23 (2): 230-232. doi:10.1017/S0031182000013573