Nyandoma

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Nyandoma (English)
Няндома (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Nyandoma train station in 2003.jpg
Nyandoma railway station
Map of Russia - Arkhangelsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia
Nyandoma is located in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Nyandoma
Nyandoma
Location of Nyandoma in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 61°40′N 40°13′E / 61.667°N 40.217°E / 61.667; 40.217Coordinates: 61°40′N 40°13′E / 61.667°N 40.217°E / 61.667; 40.217
Administrative status (as of 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Nyandomsky District[1]
Town of district significance Nyandoma[1]
Administrative center of Nyandomsky District,[1] town of district significance of Nyandoma[1]
Municipal status (as of March 2013)
Municipal district Nyandomsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Nyandomskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Nyandomsky Municipal District,[2] Nyandomskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 22,356 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1896[5]
Town status since 1939[citation needed]
Official website
Nyandoma on WikiCommons

Nyandoma (Russian: Ня́ндома) is a town and the administrative center of Nyandomsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located 347 kilometers (216 mi) south of Arkhangelsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 22,356 (2010 Census);[3] 22,619 (2002 Census);[6] 24,826 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

Nyandoma was founded in 1896 as a settlement around the railway station Nyandoma on the newly constructed railway between Vologda and Arkhangelsk.[5] The railway traffic was open in 1898.[8] The settlement was granted town status in 1939.[citation needed] At the time, Nyandoma was a part of Kargopolsky Uyezd of Olonets Governorate. On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished, the governorates merged into Northern Krai, and Nyandomsky District was established among others. It became a part of Nyandoma Okrug, one of the five in Northern Krai.[9] Nyandoma served as the administrative center of Nyandoma Okrug. In 1930, the okrug was abolished, and the district was subordinated to the central administration of Northern Krai. In 1936, the krai itself was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast, with Nyandoma being transferred to Arkhangelsk Oblast.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nyandoma serves as the administrative center of Nyandomsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated within Nyandomsky District as the town of district significance of Nyandoma.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Nyandoma, together with the territories of Andreyevsky, Burachikhinsky, and Shozhemsky Selsoviets (which comprise, correspondingly, nine, five, and one rural localities, for the total of fifteen rural localities) in Nyandomsky District, are incorporated within Nyandomsky Municipal District as Nyandomskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Timber industry is the most developed industry in the district. Food industry is also present, represented, in particular, by the broiler factory "Nyandoma-Broiler".[8]

Transportation[edit]

Nyandoma is located on the paved road connecting Dolmatovo with Kargopol. This road also provide access to one of the principal highways in Russia, M8 connecting Moscow and Arkhangelsk. Another paved road, in the southern direction, connects Nyandoma with Konosha.

Nyandoma is also located on the railway line between Moscow and Arkhangelsk (built in the south-north direction).

Culture and recreation[edit]

Nyandoma hosts a state museum, the House of Nyan.[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nyandoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −13
(9)
−12
(10)
−6
(21)
1
(34)
8
(46)
14
(57)
16
(61)
14
(57)
8
(46)
1
(34)
−5
(23)
−10
(14)
1
(34)
Source: Weatherbase[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 244», в ред. изменения №234/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 244, as amended by the Amendment #234/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 322. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Няндома" (in Russian). www.arhangelskobl.ru. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Постановление Президиума ВЦИК от 15 июля 1929 года о составе округов и районов Северного Края и их центрах" (in Russian). consultant.ru. Retrieved June 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Няндомский музей "Дом Няна"" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Nyandoma". Retrieved September 24, 2013. 

Sources[edit]