Nyanga, Cape Town
Top: Zolani Recreational Centre. Middle: Nyanga taxi rank. Bottom right: Nyanga Community Health Centre Bottom left: government built RDP houses that are common in the area.
|Municipality||City of Cape Town|
|• Total||3.09 km2 (1.19 sq mi)|
|• Density||19,000/km2 (49,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||98.8%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||7750|
Nyanga is a township in Cape Town, South Africa. Its name in Xhosa means ‘moon’ and it is one of the oldest black townships in Cape Town. It was established as a result of the migrant labor system. In the early fifties black migrants were forced to settle in Nyanga as Langa became too small. Nyanga is one of the poorest and most dangerous parts of Cape Town. In 2001 its unemployment was estimated at around 56%  and HIV/AIDS is a huge community issue. The township is known as the "murder capital" of South Africa.
Residents of Nyanga were active in joining a national call to protest against the apartheid laws passed in 1960. Later they were active in the 1976 student uprisings against the use of Afrikaans as first language in schools. Nyanga became notorious for its black on black faction fighting that was allegedly perpetrated by police in the early eighties. The local authorities (izibonda) grouped themselves according to their background and used that as their criteria when allocating land.
These cultural differences were allegedly used by the police to stir up violence, and elements of the community were infiltrated by the apartheid regime. This led to emergence of the notoriously violent group called "the witdoeke" (the white scarfs). As a result of these fights Tambo square was formed.[clarification needed]
In the early eighties the youth targeted heavy drinking and shebeens as obstacles to political change. They destroyed shebeens with petrol bombs and stones forcing many operators to close down. The police took a demolished building that had been a shebeen and developed it into to a police station. Nyanga is made up by nine townships (Lusaka, KTC, Old Location, Maumau, Zwelitsha, Maholweni"Hostels", Black City, White City and Barcelona, Kanana & Europe.
Nyanga is one of the world's most dangerous areas, and had the highest number of murders (262) in South Africa during 2012. 
- "Main Place Nyanga". Census 2011.
- "City of Cape Town by Ward". Capetown.gov.za. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- "Zille aims to close 25 000 shebeens". IOL News. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- see Goldstone Commission Report http://www.anc.org.za/show.php?id=4221&t=Goldstone%20Commission