Nyanzachoerus

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Nyanzachoerus
Temporal range: Miocene–Pliocene
Nyanzachoerus khinzir profile.png
Nyanzachoerus khinzir skull in lateral and ventral view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Subfamily: Tetraconodontinae
Genus: Nyanzachoerus
Leakey, 1958
Type species
Nyanzachoerus syrticus
Species
  • N. syrticus
  • N. leakey
  • N. kanamensis
  • N. devaux
  • N. jaegeri
  • N. pattersoni
  • N. tulosus
  • N. plicatus
  • N. khinzir

Nyanzachoerus is an extinct genus of the pig family (Suidae) belonging to the subfamily Tetraconodontinae. The several species of Nyanzachoerus lived in Africa from the Miocene to Pliocene.[1][2]

Description[edit]

This was a large pig, larger than living species.

Fossils of males of these species show that they had large lumps on their muzzle and widely flaring cheekbones. Their tusks were only of moderate size. It can be assumed that the ornaments were used as a mating display.

It may have been preyed on by the giant mustelid Ekorus

Species[edit]

A total of 8 species have been described.[3]

  • N. syrticus, Leonardi 1952
  • N. leakey, Leakey 1958
  • N. kanamensis, Leakey 1958
  • N. devaux, Arambourg 1968
  • N. jaegeri, Coppens 1971
  • N. pattersoni, Cooke and Ewer 1972
  • N. tulosus, Cooke and Ewer 1972
  • N. plicatus, Cooke and Ewer 1972

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Geographic Prehistoric Mammals, Alan Turner, 2004
  2. ^ Boisserie, Jean-Renaud; Souron, Antoine; Mackaye, Hassane Taïsso; Likius, Andossa; Vignaud, Patrick; Brunet, Michel (2014). "A New Species of Nyanzachoerus (Cetartiodactyla: Suidae) from the Late Miocene Toros-Ménalla, Chad, Central Africa". PLoS ONE 9 (8): e103221. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103221. 
  3. ^ http://tech.dir.groups.yahoo.com/group/MammalPaleontology/message/668