Nyctibatrachidae

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Nyctibatrachidae
Nyctibatrachus beddomii.jpg
Nyctibatrachus beddomii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Superfamily: Ranoidea
Family: Nyctibatrachidae
Blommers-Schlösser, 1993
Type genus
Nyctibatrachus
Boulenger, 1882
Synonyms

Nyctibatrachinae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993
Lankanectinae Dubois and Ohler, 2001

Nyctibatrachidae is a small family of frogs found in the Western Ghats of India and in Sri Lanka. Their common name is robust frogs.[1][2] Recognition of Nyctibatrachidae as a family is fairly recent. These frogs were earlier on placed in the broadly defined Ranidae family, most recently divided in two subfamilies, Lankanectinae and Nyctibatrachinae.[3]

Genera[edit]

The genus contains two genera:[1][2]

  • Lankanectes Dubois and Ohler, 2001 (Sri Lanka – 1 species)
  • Nyctibatrachus Boulenger, 1882 (Western Ghats of southwestern India – 27 species)

Description[edit]

Nyctibatrachus are robust-bodied frogs that range in size from small (snout–vent length <20 mm in Nyctibatrachus beddomii) to relatively large (up to 84 mm Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis). They occur in near streams in hilly evergreen forests. Lankanectes is an aquatic species of slow-moving rivers in marshy areas.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Nyctibatrachidae Blommers-Schlösser, 1993". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Nyctibatrachidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 39–55. 
  4. ^ Vitt, Laurie J.; Caldwell, Janalee P. (2014). Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles (4th ed.). Academic Press. pp. 509–510.