Nydeggkirche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Reformed Nydeggkirche (from the Bernese German expression for "Lower corner") is located on the eastern edge of the Old City of Bern, in the Nydegg section.

The castle Nydegg[edit]

Nydeggkirche

The old town is situated on a peninsula in a loop of the Aare and developed in several expansion stages. The first occurred in 1191, as an existing settlement was expanded in the area of Nydeggkirche to the Clock Tower (Zytglogge). In 1190 Duke Berchtold V von Zähringen had built the castle Nydegg. After the extinction of the House of Zähringen, it came under the control of the city and was razed in 1268/70 by the inhabitants of Berne, in order to develop the Nydegg section. It possessed four corner towers and was located about where the current choir of the church stands.

The Church[edit]

The Zähringer monument in Nydegghöfli

The original small church was built from 1341 to 1346 to replace the old fortress. This early church featured a roof turret. From 1480 to 1483 the city added a tower and from 1493 to 1504, a new nave was added. After the Protestant Reformation in 1529, the Nydeggkirche was transformed into a warehouse for barrels, timber and grain, but in 1566 again served as worship space, and until 1721 it was a branch church of the Münster of Bern. Today's congregation forms part of the Reformed Churches of the Canton Bern-Jura-Solothurn.

In 1863, the church was extended to the west and an entrance from the Nydeggbrücke (Nydegg Bridge) was added. Then, from 1951 to 1953 a total renovation happened. During the renovation, bronze reliefs by Marcel Perincioli were added to the main entrance at Nydegghöfli and the entrance to the bridge.

The Nydegghöflibrunnen or Stalden fountain was added to a niche under Nydegggasse at Nydegghöfli in 1857. Then, in 1968, the Zähringer monument at Nydegghöfli was erected, which had previously been on the Munster platform.

The bronze reliefs[edit]

Two Reliefs from the bridge side door

In 1956 bronze reliefs by Perincioli were inspired by medieval role models in front of San Zeno in Verona and the Cathedral of Hildesheim.

On the main door you can see scenes from the life and work of Jesus, on the left wing, from top to bottom:

  • The announcement of the birth of Jesus to the shepherds (Luke 2:8-14)
  • The baptism of Jesus (Mark 1:1-11)
  • Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)
  • The healing of a paralytic (Mark 2:1-12)

and on the right wing:

  • The birth of Jesus in the stable at Bethlehem (Luke 2)
  • The temptation of Jesus (Mark 1:12 f.)
  • The miraculous feeding (Mark 6:30-44)
  • The Raising of Lazarus (John 11:17 ff)

On the Brückentüre are on the left wing, from top to bottom are following scenes:

  • The women come to the grave of Jesus (Mark 16:1-8)
  • Jesus before Pontius Pilate (Mark 15:1-5)
  • The foot washing (John 13:1-20)
  • The anointing at Bethany (John 12:1-10)

and on the right wing:

  • The risen Christ on the Sea of Galilee (John 21:1-14)
  • The burial of Jesus (John 19:38-42)
  • Jesus in Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42)
  • The entrance to Jerusalem (John 12:12-19)

Notable Pastors[edit]

Worked as a chaplain at the Nydeggkirche

On 8 July 1995, the pastor of Nydeggkirche, Bäumlin Klaus (born 1938), caused a media storm following his offering of a blessing service for same-sex couple for Stephan Diggelmann and Bareld Storm.

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°56′56″N 7°27′26″E / 46.94889°N 7.45722°E / 46.94889; 7.45722