Nyitra County

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This article is about historical Hungarian county. For the region in today's Slovakia, see Nitra Region.
Nyitra County
Comitatus Nitriensis
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
10th century–1920

Coat of arms of Nyitra

Coat of arms

Location of Nyitra
Capital Nyitra
48°19′N 18°5′E / 48.317°N 18.083°E / 48.317; 18.083Coordinates: 48°19′N 18°5′E / 48.317°N 18.083°E / 48.317; 18.083
History
 -  Established 10th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 5,519 km2 (2,131 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 457,455 
Density 82.9 /km2  (214.7 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia

Nyitra County (Hungarian: Nyitra vármegye; German: Neutraer Gespanschaft/Komitat Neutra; Latin: Comitatus Nitriensis; Slovak: Nitriansky komitát / Nitrianska stolica / Nitrianska župa) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory lay in what is now western Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

Nyitra County shared borders with the Austrian land Moravia and the Hungarian counties Trencsén (Trenčín), Turóc (Turiec), Bars (Tekov), Komárom and Pozsony (current Bratislava). In its final phase, it was a strip of land between the Morava river in the north and the town of Érsekújvár (Nové Zámky) in the south, plus an outlier around the town of Privigye (Prievidza). The river Váh (Vág) flowed through the county. Its area was 5519 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

The capital of the county was the Nitra Castle and since the Late Middle Ages the town of Nyitra (Nitra).

History[edit]

Former county of Nyitra superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia.

A predecessor to Nyitra county existed as early as in the 9th century at the time of Great Moravia. Around 1000, Nyitra county arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary. The southern part, including the town Nyitra, was ruled as Uyvar Province between 1663–1685 by Ottoman Empire.

After World War I, Nyitra county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. Nitra county (Nitrianska župa) continued to exist until 1927, but it had completely different powers and somewhat modified borders.

The southern part of the area came under Hungarian control in November 1938 as part of the First Vienna Award. The Trianon borders were restored after World War II. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Nitra became part of Slovakia.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 428,296 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 457,455 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

A 19th century map showing Nyitra county

The subdivisions of Nyitra county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Érsekújvár, SK Nové Zámky Nagysurány, SK Šurany
Galgóc Galgóc, SK Hlohovec
Miava Miava, SK Myjava
Nagytapolcsány Nagytapolcsány, SK Topoľčany
Nyitra Nyitra, SK Nitra
Nyitrazsámbokrét Nyitrazsámbokrét, SK Žabokreky nad Nitrou
Pöstyén Pöstyén, SK Piešťany
Privigye Privigye, SK Prievidza
Szakolca, SK Skalica Holics, SK Holíč
Szenice Szenice, SK Senica
Vágsellye, SK Šaľa Tornóc, SK Trnovec nad Váhom
Vágújhely Vágújhely, SK Nové Mesto nad Váhom
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Érsekújvár, SK Nové Zámky
Nyitra, SK Nitra
Szakolca, SK Skalica

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.