Nykarleby

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Nykarleby
NykarlebyUusikaarlepyy
Town
Nykarleby stad
Uudenkaarlepyyn kaupunki
The St. Birgitta Church in Nykarleby.
The St. Birgitta Church in Nykarleby.
Coat of arms of Nykarleby
Coat of arms
Location of Nykarleby in Finland
Location of Nykarleby in Finland
Coordinates: 63°31′N 022°32′E / 63.517°N 22.533°E / 63.517; 22.533Coordinates: 63°31′N 022°32′E / 63.517°N 22.533°E / 63.517; 22.533
Country Finland
Region Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Jakobstad sub-region
Charter 1620
Government
 • Town manager Gösta Willman
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 1,675.21 km2 (646.80 sq mi)
 • Land 732.37 km2 (282.77 sq mi)
 • Water 942.84 km2 (364.03 sq mi)
Area rank 59th largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 7,513
 • Rank 141st largest in Finland
 • Density 10.26/km2 (26.6/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Swedish 89.3% (official)
 • Finnish 8.1% (official)
 • Others 2.6%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 17%
 • 15 to 64 62.6%
 • 65 or older 20.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.75%
Website www.nykarleby.fi

Nykarleby (Finnish: Uusikaarlepyy) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Ostrobothnia region. The municipality is bilingual, with the majority speaking Swedish (89% ) and the minority Finnish (8%).[3]

The largest employers in the town are Prevex (member of KWH Group), a packaging and piping products manufacturer, Westwood, which manufactures wooden staircases, and in the village of Jeppo, KWH Mirka, a coated abrasives manufacturer.[6] A Swedish-speaking art school (Svenska Konstskolan) is located in Nykarleby town.

Politics[edit]

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Nykarleby:

History[edit]

The town is located at the mouth of the Lapua river. The name of the place was Lapuan Joensuu or "mouth of Lapua river". The municipality was founded in 1607 by merging parts of Pedersöre and Vörå into a new parish. In 1620, the small village of Lepua was chartered as a city, with the Swedish name Nykarleby, which means "New Karleby", and the Finnish name is a Finnicized version of the same. The town was chartered in the same year as the nearby city of Kokkola, or in Swedish, Gamlakarleby (later, Karleby).

The battles of Nykarleby and Jutas were fought there between Swedish and Russian troops during the Finnish War in 1808.

Zacharias Topelius, an important author in Finland, was born in Nykarleby.

In 1995, the small, idyllic town was ranked as "the happiest city in Finland" in a controversial article in Helsingin Sanomat, the leading newspaper of Finland.[7]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Nykarleby is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Nykarleby :: Historiikki
  7. ^ Helsingin Sanomat Kuukausiliite, January 1995. [1]. Externally referred to in: Asiakastieto. Luottolista 2000. [2]

External links[edit]

Media related to Nykarleby at Wikimedia Commons