|• Mayor (2001–2014)||Pierre Combes|
|• Land1||23.45 km2 (9.05 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||26220 / 26110|
|Elevation||234–940 m (768–3,084 ft)
(avg. 270 m or 890 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Nyons was settled in the 6th century BC as Nyrax by a Gallic tribe, probably the Segusiavi or the Sequani. Hecataeus of Miletus mentioned Nyrax around 500 BC when writing about the Celts. It is situated next to the river Aigues or Eygues, which is crossed by an ancient bridge.
Nyons has a very mild microclimate, which makes it a good place for people suffering from respiratory problems, for which there is a special clinic. It is famed for its olives (which have PDO status).
Nyons is a sub-prefecture of the department. It features two collèges and a lycée; as well as important shopping facilities and touristic attractions. Villages that are facilitated by Nyons are situated within an area of about 20 to 30 km (19 mi), such as Les Pilles, Aubres, Venterol and Mirabel-aux-Baronnies.
Nyons is twinned with:
- Olives noires de Nyons - Profile, EU PDO/PGI Database (Accessed 27 July 2010)
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