Nyons

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For the olive sometimes called Nyons, see Tanche.
Nyons
Nyons 08 2006 066.jpg
Nyons is located in France
Nyons
Nyons
Coordinates: 44°21′37″N 5°08′23″E / 44.3603°N 5.1397°E / 44.3603; 5.1397Coordinates: 44°21′37″N 5°08′23″E / 44.3603°N 5.1397°E / 44.3603; 5.1397
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Drôme
Arrondissement Nyons
Canton Nyons
Intercommunality Val d'Eygues
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2014) Pierre Combes
Area1 23.45 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 7,096
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 26220 / 26110
Elevation 234–940 m (768–3,084 ft)
(avg. 270 m or 890 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nyons (Occitan: Niom) is a commune in the Drôme department in southeastern France.

History[edit]

Roman bridge near Nyons

Nyons was settled in the 6th century BC as Nyrax by a Gallic tribe, probably the Segusiavi or the Sequani. Hecataeus of Miletus mentioned Nyrax around 500 BC when writing about the Celts. It is situated next to the river Aigues or Eygues, which is crossed by an ancient bridge.

Nyons has a very mild microclimate, which makes it a good place for people suffering from respiratory problems, for which there is a special clinic. It is famed for its olives (which have PDO status[1]).

Nyons is a sub-prefecture of the department. It features two collèges and a lycée; as well as important shopping facilities and touristic attractions. Villages that are facilitated by Nyons are situated within an area of about 20 to 30 km (19 mi), such as Les Pilles, Aubres, Venterol and Mirabel-aux-Baronnies.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,700 —    
1800 2,724 +0.9%
1806 2,744 +0.7%
1821 3,040 +10.8%
1831 3,397 +11.7%
1836 3,208 −5.6%
1841 3,251 +1.3%
1846 3,450 +6.1%
1851 3,590 +4.1%
1856 3,633 +1.2%
1861 3,653 +0.6%
1866 3,611 −1.1%
1872 3,623 +0.3%
1876 3,579 −1.2%
1881 3,222 −10.0%
1886 3,534 +9.7%
1891 3,349 −5.2%
1896 3,611 +7.8%
1901 3,638 +0.7%
1906 3,514 −3.4%
1911 3,507 −0.2%
1921 3,150 −10.2%
1926 3,157 +0.2%
1931 3,246 +2.8%
1936 3,500 +7.8%
1946 3,576 +2.2%
1954 3,637 +1.7%
1962 4,270 +17.4%
1968 4,982 +16.7%
1975 5,607 +12.5%
1982 6,061 +8.1%
1990 6,353 +4.8%
1999 6,723 +5.8%
2008 7,096 +5.5%

Sights[edit]

International relations[edit]

Nyons is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olives noires de Nyons - Profile, EU PDO/PGI Database (Accessed 27 July 2010)