Nyt Tidsskrift

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Nyt Tidsskrift is a former Norwegian literary, cultural and political periodical issued from 1882 to 1887, and with a second series from 1892 to 1895. The periodical had contributions from several of the leading intellectuals of the time, including later Nobel Literature Prize laureate Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, later Nobel Peace Prize laureate Fredrik Bajer, the writers Alexander L. Kielland, Jonas Lie, Arne Garborg and Hans Aanrud, proponents for women's rights Camilla Collett, Gina Krog and Hagbard Emanuel Berner, and painter Erik Werenskiold.

The first years, 1882–1887[edit]

Ernst Sars.
Olaf Skavlan.

From 1882 to 1887 the periodical was edited by literary historian Olaf Skavlan and historian Ernst Sars.[1][2] It was published by Huseby & Co, which was owned by Olaf Huseby and Johan Sørensen.[3]

1882[edit]

The very first issue in 1882 started by publishing the short story "Støv" (English: Dust) by Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson.[4] Geologist and politician Amund Helland started an article sereies on Iceland, including a description of the eruptions in 1875.[5][6][7] Arne Løchen's monography "Om den udvikling Ibsens moralske grundanskuelse har gjennemgaaet" is regarded to be valuable for later researchers.[8][9] Mathilde Schjøtt contributed with literary critics, and published the play Rosen anonymously.[10][11] Peter Schjøtt published a review on Ibsen's play Gengangere.[12][13] The editors Skavlan and Sars had several contributions in 1882. Other contributors in 1882 were Erik Werenskiold, Camilla Collett, Marie Colban and Holger Drachmann. Alexander L. Kielland published the short story "Karen",[14] and Jonas Lie published the poem "Ballade"[15] and the short story "Slagter-Tobias".[16] Amalie Müller (later Amalie Skram) published her first literary work, the short story "Madam Høiers leiefolk".[17][18] Arne Garborg wrote reviews of Kielland's novel Skipper Worse and of Ibsen's play En Folkefiende.

1883[edit]

The first chapter of Kielland's novel Gift was published in Nyt Tidsskrift in 1883.[19] Jonas Lie published the first part of his story "Et interiør fra firtiaarene".[20] Camilla Collett contributed with the essay "Paa gamle tomter".[21] Kristofer Janson wrote an article on Minneapolis, where he had settled.[22] Gerhard Gran wrote a biographical article on the French writer Émile Zola.[23][24] There were philosophical essays on the Osiris myth,[25] on darwinism,[26] and on Lao–Tsze.[27] Garborg wrote a review of Heuch's lecture collection on infidelity, Vantroens væsen.[28][29] Magdalene Thoresen wrote a travelogue from Nordland and Finnmark.[30] Sigurd Ibsen wrote an essay on the development of the concept of State over time, Kristofer Randers published songs, and Lars Holst wrote a review of Lie's novel Livsslaven. Other contributors were Henrik Jæger and Matias Skard.

1884[edit]

In 1884 the periodical had a series of articles on women's rights by Hagbard Emanuel Berner and Gina Krog. Berner's series "Om kvindesagen" dealt with issues such as girls' schools and suffragettism. Krog's article series was called "Nogle ord om kvindesagens utvikling og nærmeste opgaver i vort land", on the development of feminism. Fredrik Bajer continued his series on voting, "Vælgernes retfærdigste repræsentation". The periodical had reviews on Ibsen's play Vildanden and on Kielland's novel Fortuna.[31] Later children's writer Dikken Zwilgmeyer published her first story (under pseudonym), "En hverdagshistorie".[32][33]

1885[edit]

In 1885 the periodical published Per Sivle's short story "Berre ein hund". The literary articles included a biographical article on Strindberg,[34] a linguistic analysis of Ibsen's works,[35] and reviews of recent books. The periodical covered art exhibitions and the theatre season at Christiania Theater.[36] The debate on feminism continued, and the periodical had political essays on the parliamentary elections, the union between Sweden and Norway,[37] and communistic societies of the United States.[38] Articles on biology covered themes such as the bacteria[39] and the brain.

1886[edit]

In 1886 the periodical had articles on natural sciences (biology), and there was a debate on freedom of press, sparked by the confiscation of Hans Jæger's novel Fra Kristianiabohêmen.[40][41][42][43][44] Sivle published the short-story "Han Fanta-Nils".[45] On theatre, Irgens-Hansen wrote a review of the season at Kristiania theater,[46] and Camilla Collett wrote an essay on Dumas' comedy Le supplice d'une femme.[47] Essays by James Sully, Prince Kropotkin and Émile de Laveleye were translated from the periodical Nineteenth Century.

The second series, 1892–1895[edit]

Among the editors of Nyt Tidsskrift from 1892 were Sars, Arne Løchen,[48] Sigurd Ibsen[49] and Christen Collin.[50] The periodical was now published by Johan Sørensen's publishing house Bibliothek for de tusen hjems forlag.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fulsås, Narve. "Ernst Sars". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  2. ^ Aarnes, Sigurd Aa. "Olaf Skavlan". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Tveterås, Egil. "Johan Sørensen". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Bjørnsson, Bjørnstjerne (1882). "Støv". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 1–42. 
  5. ^ Helland, Amund (1882). "Om Island I. Om Nordmændenes sildefiskerier paa Island". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 53–68. 
  6. ^ Helland, Amund (1882). "Om Island II. Fra Seydisfjödr til Myvatn". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 158–173. 
  7. ^ Helland, Amund (1882). "Om Island III. Vulkanerne af 1875". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 348–360. 
  8. ^ Løchen, Arne (1882). "Om den udvikling, Ibsens moralske grundanskuelse har gjennemgået". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 412–444. 
  9. ^ Tranøy, Knut Erik (2007). "Arne Løchen". In Henriksen, Petter. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  10. ^ Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Mathilde Schjøtt". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf, ed. (1882). "Rosen". Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 113–139. 
  12. ^ Andersen, Øivind. "Peter Schjøtt". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  13. ^ Schjøtt, P.O. (1882). "Ibsens Gengangere". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 100–104. 
  14. ^ Kielland, Alexander (1882). "Karen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 105–112. 
  15. ^ Lie, Jonas (1882). "Ballade". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 409–411. 
  16. ^ Lie, Jonas (1882). "Slagter-Tobias". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 513–536. 
  17. ^ Beyer, Edvard (1975). "Amalie Skram". Norges Litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian) 3. Oslo: Cappelen. p. 488. ISBN 82-02-02996-1. 
  18. ^ Müller, Amalie (1882). "Madam Høiers leiefolk". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 1: 557–570. 
  19. ^ Kielland, Alexander (1883). "Første kapitel af Alexander L. Kiellands nye roman, som udkommer til vaaren". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 1–9. 
  20. ^ Lie, Jonas (1883). "Et interiør fra firtiaarene". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 97–120. 
  21. ^ Collett, Camilla (1883). "Paa gamle tomter". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 449–465. 
  22. ^ Janson, Kristofer (1883). "Fra Amerika". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 22–37. 
  23. ^ Gran, Gerhard (1883). "Emile Zola (Biografisk skisse)". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 296–318. 
  24. ^ Beyer, Edvard (1975). "Realisme og naturalisme". Norges Litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian) 3. Oslo: Cappelen. p. 70. ISBN 82-02-02996-1. 
  25. ^ Lieblein, J. (1883). "Om Osirismythen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 59–74. 
  26. ^ Lochmann (1883). "Darwin og Darwinismen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 583–594. 
  27. ^ Thambs Lyche, H. (1883). "Lao–Tsze". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 503–510. 
  28. ^ Garborg, Arne (1883). "Vantroens væsen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 426–448. 
  29. ^ Haanes, Vidar L.. "J C Heuch". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  30. ^ Thoresen, Magdalene (1883). "Billeder fra Nordland og Finmarken". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 2: 365–403. 
  31. ^ M.S. (1884). "Bognyt. H.Ibsen: Vildanden. B.Bjørnson: Det flager i byen og paa havnen. A.L.Kielland: Fortuna. J.Lie: En Malstrøm". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 3: 616–628. 
  32. ^ Kvalvik, Bent. "Dikken Zwilgmeyer". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 25 June 2010. 
  33. ^ K.E. (1884). "En hverdagshistorie". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 3: 401–411. 
  34. ^ Nordensvan, Georg (1885). "Strindberg". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 158–176. 
  35. ^ Eriksen, Alfred (1885). "Sammensatte ord hos Ibsen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 371–376. 
  36. ^ Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf, ed. (1885). "Kristiania theater". Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 528–535. 
  37. ^ Sars, J.E. (1885). "Unionsspørsmaalet". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 610–627. 
  38. ^ Hertzberg, Ebbe (1885). "Kommunistiske samfund i Nordamerika". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 356–370, 437–454. 
  39. ^ Gade, F.G. (1885). "Om bakterierne". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 4: 595–609. 
  40. ^ Ulleland (1886). "Fra Kristiania-Bohêmen og pressefriheden". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 198–210. 
  41. ^ Sars, J.E. (1886). "Endnu nogle ord om pressefriheden". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 211–227. 
  42. ^ Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne (1886). "Brev om Fra Kristiania-Bohêmen". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 342–344. 
  43. ^ Havstad, Lars A. (1886). "Endnu nogle ord om pressefriheden". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 345–347. 
  44. ^ Wilson, Thos. M. (1886). "Endnu nogle ord om pressefrihed". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 565–572. 
  45. ^ Sivle, Per (1886). "Han Fanta-Nils". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 734–750. 
  46. ^ Irgens Hansen (1886). "Kristiania theater. Sæsonen 1885–1886". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 596–607. 
  47. ^ Collett, Camilla (1886). "Fransk Komedie". In Sars, J. E. and Skavlan, Olaf. Nyt Tidsskrift (in Norwegian) (Kristiania) 5: 777–780. 
  48. ^ Rørvik, Thor Inge. "Arne Løchen". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  49. ^ Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Sigurd Ibsen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 25 June 2010. 
  50. ^ Sandved, Arthur O. "Christen Collin". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 25 June 2010.