Nyurba

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Nyurba (English)
Нюрба (Russian)
Ньурба (Sakha)
-  Town[1]  -
Town under republic jurisdiction[1]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Nyurba is located in Sakha Republic
Nyurba
Nyurba
Location of Nyurba in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 63°17′N 118°20′E / 63.283°N 118.333°E / 63.283; 118.333Coordinates: 63°17′N 118°20′E / 63.283°N 118.333°E / 63.283; 118.333
Coat of Arms of Nyurba (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Nyurbinsky District[1]
Town Nyurba[1]
Administrative center of Nyurbinsky District,[1] Town of Nyurba[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Nyurbinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Nyurba Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Nyurbinsky Municipal District,[3] Nyurba Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 10,157 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1930[citation needed]
Town status since 1998[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 678450, 678479
Dialing code(s) +7 41134[citation needed]
Official website
Nyurba on WikiCommons

Nyurba (Russian: Нюрба; IPA: [nʲʉrˈba]; Sakha: Ньурба) is a town and the administrative center of Nyurbinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River, a right-hand tributary of the Lena, 846 kilometers (526 mi) northwest of Yakutsk. Population: 10,157 (2010 Census);[4] 10,309 (2002 Census);[7] 11,934 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1930, although the area has been settled since the mid-18th century.[citation needed] In the 1950s, it grew rapidly as a base for exploration of the nearby diamond deposits, and was granted urban-type settlement status in 1958. Town status was granted in 1998.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nyurba serves as the administrative center of Nyurbinsky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Nyurba is classified as a town under republic jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Nyurbinsky District as the Town of Nyurba.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Nyurba is incorporated within Nyurbinsky Municipal District as Nyurba Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Production of diamonds is the primary industry in the town, both as the site of a diamond cutting works operated by the state-owned ALROSA company and as its status as a supply town for nearby mining operations.

Transportation[edit]

Nyurba is served by the Nyurba Airport (IATA: NYRICAO: UENN) and a river port.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nyurba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.2
(28)
1.1
(34)
9.5
(49.1)
18.4
(65.1)
30.0
(86)
35.2
(95.4)
35.1
(95.2)
34.1
(93.4)
32.8
(91)
16.1
(61)
3.9
(39)
−1.0
(30.2)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −31.2
(−24.2)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.6
(51.1)
20.3
(68.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.7
(67.5)
10.5
(50.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−21.1
(−6)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −35.1
(−31.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
5.5
(41.9)
14.4
(57.9)
17.2
(63)
13.4
(56.1)
5.0
(41)
−7.8
(18)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average low °C (°F) −40.2
(−40.4)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−15.3
(4.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43)
−1.1
(30)
−13.2
(8.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−38.4
(−37.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
Record low °C (°F) −61.0
(−77.8)
−58.9
(−74)
−50.0
(−58)
−42.2
(−44)
−18.9
(−2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−20.0
(−4)
−38.9
(−38)
−55.0
(−67)
−60.8
(−77.4)
−61.0
(−77.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.3
(0.996)
11.3
(0.445)
16.5
(0.65)
13.9
(0.547)
52.6
(2.071)
63.4
(2.496)
62.6
(2.465)
58.9
(2.319)
43.3
(1.705)
45.9
(1.807)
30.4
(1.197)
16.5
(0.65)
440.6
(17.346)
Avg. precipitation days 19.6 15.4 12.8 10.8 9.4 11.4 9.2 11.5 12.7 20.3 21.2 18.0 172.3
Source: [9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  3. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Weather Averages for Nyurba (1948-2011)". climatebase.ru. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).