Oʻahu ʻAkepa

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Oahu Ākepa
Oahu Akepa.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Loxops
Species: L. coccineus
Subspecies: L. c. wolstenholmei
Trinomial name
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei
Rothschild, 1895
Synonyms

The Oʻahu ʻAkepa (Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) is an extinct subspecies of the ʻAkepa that was endemic to the island of Oahu. It was commonly sighted throughout the 19th century. This brick red Hawaiian honeycreeper was found in the mountain peaks in densely forested areas. The females were mostly gray with a tinge of green. The birds had a slight crossbill just like the other Loxops species. It used its crossbill to open up buds in search for nectar and insects for it to eat. Its most common haunts were the O’hia and Koa forests that were filled with the many flowers and insects that this species liked to eat. The Oahu Akepa is one of three different species of Akepa that were spread by possible weather and migration. The movement of the species stopped causing the species to break into four branches. The first branch was the Hawaiian Akepa, a scarlet- red bird it lives only on the Big Island and may be the ancestor of the Loxops genus. Next is the Maui Akepa, it was found as fossils on all the islands of Maui Nui, but was historically seen on Maui. It is a greyish-orange bird that was the first of the Akepa species to disappear. Then came the Oahu Akepa, it is a brick red color and was seen till around the 1990s when it became extinct. Finally the last branch was the Akeke’e, a green bird that is only found on the island of Kauai. It is thought as a different species while the other three were subspecies of the Akepa, which still exists on Hawai’i.

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